The Articles of Confederation verses the Constitution

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The Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777 were accepted by Congress, but not ratified by all the states until March 1, 1781, Maryland was the last state to ratify. The Articles were a humble attempt to form a national government by a new country trying to unite itself. The Articles of Confederation, however, wanted the states to have the majority of the power. The Articles government was very weak, but this was done on purpose, because after finally gaining independence from Britain, they feared that a strong central government would lead to an empowerment of another monarchy. Alexander Hamilton called for a convention to be held in Massachusetts to advise congress to “render the constitution”. Several problems came about that led to a new Constitution to be written in 1787. The Constitution called for a more united government that was given more power. The Constitution was supported by two major politicians and they were George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, who called themselves Federalist. In this essay we will review the major conflicts and distinctions between the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution. The first conflict between the Articles and the Constitution was in the way they set up the Legislature. Congress was established as a single Legislature under the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution on the other hand creates a bicameral Legislature, consisting of an upper house named as the Senate and a lower house named as the House of Representatives. The Virginia Plan called for a two house Legislature and it was proposed by James Madison but Edmund Randolph proposed a new national government with an Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary branches. The Virginia Plan supporters later realiz... ... middle of paper ... Franklin was the head of the “Great Compromise”, which led to the slaves being counted as 3/5 of a person under the 3/5 compromise. Also, in the taxes section I discussed how William Patterson of New Jersey actually wanted to reform the confederation but that all states did not agree to the reform. Along with the two major conflicts between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution there were many distinctions. Many of the distinctions were state government and federal government. The Articles were based on the belief of a state run government and the Constitution was on a federal government. The second distinction mentioned was the distribution of power in the government. The third was the Bill of Rights which was voted on by the people to be put in the Constitution. Today our government is not perfect, but it was decided by the people, for the people.
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