This is the main reason for the revolution. Then there was the political side, which was not as important leader into the American Revolution but still a key role that led into the revolution. The taxation without representation was one of the major reasons that led to the revolution. The British were taxing the colonies and they had no way of standing up for themselves. They had no representation in England so they were unable to stop any taxes or polices coming over from them.
The American Revolution marked the divorce of the British Empire and its one of the most valued colonies. Behind the independence that America had fought so hard for, there emerged a diverging society that was eager to embrace new doctrines. The ideals in the revolution that motivated the people to fight for freedom continued to influence American society well beyond the colonial period. For example, the ideas borrowed from John Locke about the natural rights of man was extended in an unsuccessful effort to include women and slaves. The creation of state governments and the search for a national government were the first steps that Americans took to experiment with their own system.
The passing of this tax was Britain’s way of reinforcing their authority in the colonies and lessening their financial burden. However, from British standpoint that was not the sole purpose for the acts as they also wanted to build a defense against foreign nations and insure Britain benefited from her Acts of Trade (Alden 4). This ideology of lessening their burden through taxing the colonies failed instantly, because the colonist refused to pay the taxes at all cost. It became impossible to sell the stamps and anybody who dared try was threatened with violence. American’s rebellious nature against the new taxations methods lead to the creation of The Stamp Act Congress.
The Goals of the Declaration of Independence The American Revolution was not only a battle between the British and the colonists; it was a historical movement that brought about new ways of thinking. The ideas of liberty and equality began to be seen as essential to the growth of the new nation. The separation of the American colonies from the British Empire occurred for a number of reasons. These reasons are illustrated in the Declaration of Independence. Although Thomas Jefferson wrote the document, it expressed the desire of the heart of each colonist to be free of British rule.
A letter was written by the colonists, to England, which showed the colonists were not united against the Acts (Copeland 195). America wanted their freedom from England, so they or their representatives could impose their own taxes and laws (Burgan 31). Even though the colonists were not united in the decision against England’s Acts, they unanimously boycotted all imports from England. An example of taxation without representation is how England went about paying off their debt. America didn’t have the option to vote or representatives to state their points of view.
The stamp act placed a tax on all paper products in the colonies. The colonists were enraged stating that the King could not enforce taxes on them because they did not have any representation in parliament to speak for them. Colonists attacked and mobbed tax collectors until this act was repealed in seventeen sixty-six. After the stamp act came the Townshend acts of seventeen sixty-seven which imposed taxes upon tea, paint, paper, lead, and glass. Colonists reacted to the Townshend acts by boycotting all British goods until they repealed the act.
The reaction against taxation was often violent and the most powerful and articulate groups in population rose against the taxation. Then in October of 1765, colonial representatives met on their own for the first time and decided to mobilize forces against their Mother country. From this point on, events reached the point of no return for the colonies. In December of 1773, the Boston Tea Party occurred as a direct response to the much-hated Tea Act. In 1774, the First Continental Congress met and formed and began to raise issues which would later stimulant local organizations to end their fidelity for England.
Needless to say, the colonists were not used to this intrusion of Parliament and felt that it was wrong because there were no members in Parliament to represent the colonies. They felt it was a direct violation of their civil liberties and the first whiff of resentment was beginning to spawn. Next was the Currency Act which disregarded the colonies paper money, forcing the colonist to pay in only silver and sending their economy into chaos. Perhaps the most important and controversial acts were the Stamps Acts that placed a tax on legal documents, almanacs, newspaper, pamphlets, playing cards and dice.
It was at this point that the different views of the Colonist and the British really began to blossom. When this happened, the Americans had already developed such a sense of freedom that nothing the British could do would have destroyed it. Once this self-reliance was achieved there was nothing the British could do to repress it. The road to the American Revolution was long and hard. Britain insisted on passing act after act to tax the colonies and ruin their devotion to the crown.
It is relevant that the American Revolution was caused by the unique nature of the American Colonists and their society in contrast to their relationships with the English Government. Throughout the Revolution, colonists suffered when it came to them realizing their independent, in order for them to start open rebellion, but the "Common Sense," by Thomas Paine influenced the colonists to structure their identities to enfold as a nation. The success of the Revolution has determined the success of the United States today.