Native American Peoples in Texas at the time that the Spanish First Appeared Prior to Europeans arrival there were four distinctive groups located in what today is called Texas. These groups are divided into regional areas as the Indians of the coastal areas (Karankawan & Coahuiltecan), Indians of the Plains (Comanches, Apaches, Kiowas and Tonkawas - central and northwest Texas), Indians in Northeast Texas (Caddo, Hasinai- belonged to the Caddo tribe), and the Jumano Indians of Trans-Pecos area.
ALBUQUERQUE, AFONSO DEAfonso de Albuquerque (14??-1515) was a Portuguese soldier and explorer who sailed to the Spice Islands (the Moluccas, a group of Islands in Indonesia) in 1507-1511, trying to monopolize trade with this area; from Europe, he sailed around Africa to the Indian Ocean. He was appointed the Viceroy of India by King Emmanuel in 1509. He forcibly destroyed the Indian city of Calicut in January, 1510, and took Goa (in southern India) in March, 1510, claiming Goa for Portugal. AYLLON
Christopher Columbus and Alvez Nunez Cabeza de Vaca were both explorers for Spain, but under different rulers and different times. The more famous, Christopher Columbus, came before de Vaca’s time. Columbus sailed a series of four voyages between 1492 and 1504 in search for a route to Asia which led accidentally to his discovery of new land inhabited with Indians. Christopher sailed under the Spanish monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella for his journey to the “Indies,” whom he was loyal to by claiming
The Karankawa Indians lived along the Gulf of Mexico in the coastal bend. Their territory ranged from the west end of Galveston bay southwestward to Corpus Christi bay. Contrary to popular belief the Karankawa were not cannibals. They did like many other Texas Indian tribes eat their captured enemy warriors and leaders to gain their strength or courage but never for food. The name Karankawa was given to many bands of Indians in the area including the Cocos, Copanes, Cujanes, Guapites, Carancaguases
Chicanos With the advancements in technology today, the process of learning has become easier. Instead of just reading, one can look at video documentaries or web sites to acquire information they need or want. In my Latinos in the U.S. class, we have access to all types of information in our quest to learn about Mexican-American history. By reading Zaragosa Vargas= Problems in Mexican-American History, looking at the Chicano Park web site and viewing part one of the Chicano! video documentary
Texas, one of the West South Central states of the United States. It borders Mexico on the southwest and the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast. To the west is New Mexico, to the north and northeast lie Oklahoma and Arkansas, and Louisiana bounds Texas on the east. Austin is the capital of Texas. Houston is the largest city. Texas is the size of Ohio, Indiana, and all the New England and Middle Atlantic states combined, and its vast area encompasses forests, mountains, deserts and dry plains, and a