Age is a factor in future problems with alcohol and drugs (SAMHSA). One study found that young adolescents were 47 percent more likely to develop alcoholism, and nearly half of the participants who developed alcohol dependence began drinking by the age of 16 or younger (NIH). Other studies have found that ten percent of boy aged 9 and 10 have already started drinking alcohol, and nearly one-third of underage drinkers ... ... middle of paper ... .... Scientific facts on alcohol: How many people are affected by alcohol? Retrieved from http://www.greenfacts.org/en/alcohol/l-2/01-number-people-affected.htm National Crime and Prevention Council. Dangers of Drinking.
Background Teenagers abuse a variety of drugs. Any of them both legal and illegal can have immediate or long term health consequences. As reported by NIDA in 2003 year 40.2 percent of high school students had used marijuana. Majuana is the illegal narcotic. Youths who used it before 17-years-olds indicated smaller brain and they are smaller in height and weight than teens who used marijuana after age 17.
Drug use is part of accidental injuries, killing and suicides; these are the top three causes of teen-age death. The costs for drug-related problems were at minimum $14 billion dollars. According to the study, the federal government and states spent $207.2 billion in 2005 on health-care costs for substance use and addiction, a problem the investigators say started in the teen years. "There was also another report found the number of teens using smokeless tobacco increased to 8.9 percent in 2009 from 6.7 percent in 2003. High-school students who said they currently were using marijuana rose to 21 percent in 2009 from 20 percent in 2007 and those misusing prescription drugs rose to 4 percent in 2009 from 3.5 percent a year earlier."
However there was a significant increase in cocaine use by thirteen year-old students between 1991 and 1992. In 1993, cocaine use increased for all ages thirteen through eighteen. Every teenager has used drugs at least once in their life. The literature review confirmed that teenagers engage in drugs on a daily basis. According to the National Survey on Drug Abuse conducted in 1997 and 1998, more than one-fourth (28.2 perecent) of the youth aged thirteen to eighteen report that marijuana experiences, and about four percent used cocaine, 1.1 percent admits to using heroin, and nine percent used inhalants.
(2009) reported that among 2,187 adolescents in 10th through 12th grades, adolescent who had been sexually abused were three times more likely to drink alcohol that those who were not abused. Another study, the ACE study which is an Adverse Childhood Experience, also reported that adolescents who had been abused as a child were 2.1 to 2.8 times more likely to begin drinking by the age of 14. These adolescents who had a child abuse history take alcohol as a self-medication in an attempt to cope with the effects triggering, and memories associated with the abuse. A major concern about alcohol drinking in adolescent is whether child’s abuse in... ... middle of paper ... ...rent or Guardian and Adolescent Alcohol Use. The AmericanJournal on Addictoions, 18, 226-234.
The same study showed that more than half of Americas who were 12 years or older were currently consuming alcohol. This statistic seemed to amaze we in that this equates to about 104 million people. Prescription drugs are a growing concern in American society. Many studies have been performed regarding the abuse of prescription drugs. The most common types people use especially teens and young adults are opioids, CNS depressants, and stimulants.
``Legalization of Marijuana:Potential Impact on Youth.`` Pediatrics. 113.6 (2006): 632-638 Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 December 2013 Seamon, MJ. `Clinical Review: Medical marijuana and the developing role of the pharmacist.`` American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.
At home drug testing and emphasis on anti drugs within the family will prove to lower the use of illegal drugs amongst teens. More and more teenagers are experimenting with illegal drugs in today's society. A 1996-1997 PRIDE survey of more than 140 000 teens showed that drug abuse amongst eleven to fourteen year Olds is rising. 11.4% of jr. high students monthly use marijuana, cocaine and other illicit drugs. The number of new heroin cases involving the youth increased by 53%.
"In 2004, there were 15 million Americans ages 12 and up that took Prescription Drugs and used them non-medically "(Prescription Drugs: Their use and Abuse). All around the country more people are being introduced to prescription drugs and addiction rates increase every year. “In 2013 21.5% of high school seniors admitted to taking prescription drugs for a non-medical reason", in 2012 that number was at 21.2% (National Institute on Drug Abuse). That number slowly increases every single year. This problem is really turning into a pandemic in modern society, therefore it is necessary to examine the causes of prescription drug abuse and implement the solutions such as providing more education and regulating the distribution of prescription drugs.