The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfully. Some of the typical impacts that mining in South Africa has on the environment are that it can lead to a loss of biodiversity because of a transformation in the natural habitats and ecosystems. The mining industry also usually requires large amounts of water. Surface and groundwater pollution often happen due to the acid mine drainage. Greenhouse gasses that are released into the air when mining are harmful to the environment and the release of dust particulates negatively affect the ecosystems around the mines.
The EPA's stricter regulations could help cut down on the pollution and help the environment, slowly build back up. One major, disadvantage to using coal, is the impact it has on our environment. Mining the coal itself, causes the land to be damaged. On top of the land damage, the actual burning of the coal emits harmful waste into the air, land and water causing acid rain, smog, and toxic air pollution. The acid rain is taking a big toll on the environment, by killing plants and damaging the water systems.
The three R rule reduce, reuse and recycle can go a long way in trying to stop global warming. The Earth has been ransacked by people for its natural resources. If mankind doesn’t act now and become environmentally conscious there will be devastating effects in the future. People need to realize that in order to succeeded as a species we need to care for our environmental sustainability. The concept of sustainability is that its based on the premise that people and their communities are made up of environmental, economic and social systems that are constantly working together to achieve balance in ecosystem.
Not growing the plant at all, for use in agrofuel, would be the best choice for the environment. Soy directly causes harm to humans through over consumption, and indirectly causes harm to the biosphere through farming methods. Industrial farming in the Amazon has lead to deforestation, a complete loss of soil nutrition in used fields, pollution of freshwater and trouble between indigenous peoples and the government. Amazonian soybeans come with a carbon debt of 319 years (Food for Thought). If production continues to grow in the rainforest, sustainability depends on farming being kept out of old growth ecosystems.
Furthermore, the desiccation of single stands of forested areas for this type of agriculture promotes local extinctions and loss of biodiversity. Once the land is exhausted, it is then left, only for another stand to be destroyed. This predictable loss of land can be avoided by employing the sustainable farming of soybeans. Soybean production has a higher potential to both increase economic prosperity and environmental quality (Dooyou). Due to the destructive nature of slash and burn agriculture, soybean production is a much healthier approach to farming in the Tambopata Reserve.
The industrial emissions and annual crop burning are also sources contribute to poor air quality in India. Water pollution: The untreated sewage is the main factor that causes water pollution in India. As India is industrialized, discharge of industrial waste in inevitable. Thousands of small factories make the water contaminated by discharging its waste into lakes an... ... middle of paper ... ...ion) Act, National Forestry Action Programme (NFAP). Besides this, India has a lot of mineral resources which include coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, natural gas, limestone, crude oil, diamonds, petroleum and etc.
However, once mined the coal is sent off to such places as coal power plants, which are then combusted, creating carbon dioxide going into the atmosphere effecting the carbon cycle greatly. Overall, the process of collecting and burning coal as fuel is a very detrimental process towards both humans and the environment. Part 1: Investigating one human activity and its effect on the natural processes • Interaction with Global Cycles - Coal mining has a large effect on both the water and carbon cycles. As previously mentioned coal mining operations take water sources which others rely upon. However some mines don’t work off water from above ground, but use underground water from aquifers.
Air pollution during the Industrial revolution was far worse than anything seen today. Apart from the smoke and fumes obscuring visibility, they also caused major health problems to the inhabitants of the industrial areas reducing life expectancies, predominantly with respiratory diseases. The simultaneous development of the internal combustion engine, well drilling technology and the capacity to refine crude oil into gasoline and other liquid fuels (B. Nebel et al 1995) in the late 1880’s, produced an alternative to steam power. Air pollution was greatly reduced as coal-fired steam engines and gasoline and diesel engines, and fuel oil furnaces replaced furnaces. Due to the length of time it takes to change from one energy technology to another, it was not until the late 1940’s that oil surpassed coal as the worlds major energy source.
The effluent from the Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) enters surface water bodies and the groundwater increasing the pH level, resulting in the degradation of aquatic habitats and, therefore, reducing the soil quality (Davies and Mundalamo, 2010, p.661). Contact and ingestion of infected crops cause various diseases to humans. State of Aim: This essay focuses on giving a detailed insight on the dangerous effect on the soil and people of South Africa caused by the mining of various mineral resources (E.g. coal, gold, Uranium) and give suggestions on how to curb these effects. Impacts of mining on the Biophysical Environment: South Africa has an abundance of mineral resources, and has been mining for hundreds of years.
Mountain Top Removal is an American tragedy, the process in which mining companies remove forests and topsoil then explode the mountain apart level by level to get to coal layer. It is estimated that the explosives are equivalent of the Hiroshima bomb. A lot of the mining waste is discarded into valleys and streams; the water runoff is high in silt, ion, and sulfur compounds, which in turn pollute water downstream. Even with chemical treatments, vegetation has a hard time growing on the infertile and highly acidic soil. Mountain top removal occurs in eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia, southwest Virginia, and east Tennessee.