When some people hear the word ecotourism, the first idea which born in their mind is a tourism without harming the nature. This is certainly true, but it is not a clear and full definition. Moreover, not all people are aware of what harms tourism actually cause. Thus for someone an eco-tourist is the person who travels without civilization benefits, such as: good cars, comfortable lodging, power and hot water usage; who stays overnight at an open a fire in the open air and harming the nature less as a tourist who uses these benefits. Definition of ecotourism that had been given in 1990 by The International Ecotourism Society reads as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people” (TIES, 2012). According to Louise Osborne, who wrote the exclusive column for 4Hoteliers.com, travel harms the environment: boats, airplanes, buses and cars pollute the air by carbon dioxide, while tourists pluck rare plants and “break off pieces of coral as they dive, staying in hotels built on the site of a destroyed rainforest” (2014). Today some tourists revised their views on the travel, they began to recognize that travel could result in negative impacts on the cultures, economies, environments and people of other countries; and they are wondering “how they can better protect the environment and travel in an eco-friendly manner” (Osborne, 2014). The decision of this become an ecotourism which “idealistic goal” improving “the world through responsible travel” (Blue, n.d). It is important to support the idea of ecotourism because it provides environmental education for travelers; helps to keep environmental purity and improves the lives of local people.
Tourism impacts can be generally classified into seven categories with each having both positive and negative impacts. These impacts include; economic, environmental, social and cultural, crowding and congestion, taxes, and community attitude. It is essential for a balance on array of impacts that may either positively or negatively affect the resident communities. Different groups are concerned about different tourism impacts that affect them in one way or another. Tourism’s benefits can be increased by use of specific plans and actions. These can also lead to decrease in the gravity of negative impacts. Communities will not experience every impact but instead this will depend on particular natural resources, development, or spatial patterns (Glen 1999).
Tourism has become much more prevalent in recent times, due in large part to the increasing human population of the earth and the increasing leisure time and dis...
One of the major facets of tourism is transportation. The ability for people and equipment to be able to move from one place to another smoothly is not only a convenience but a necessity. Air transportation is one of the largest and fastest growing industries associated with tourism. From passenger travel to food and supply transport there are seemingly ever increasing numbers of flights occurring to help meet the demand. With the increase in flights, comes the increase of pollutants into the air, water, and soil. These emissions, as well as those from the electricity production are linked to acid rain, chemical pollution and global warming. These pollutants have effects not only in populated cities, but also in isolated natural environments as well. S...
Making Tourism More Sustainable - A Guide for Policy Makers. 2005. [e-book] UNEP and WTO. pp. 11-12. Available through: United Nations Environment Programme http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx0592xPA-TourismPolicyEN.pdf [Accessed: 20 October 2013]
Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where the physical environment and cultural background are the main attractions and is meant to give tourist another view of the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats. In recent years, “ecotourism has emerged as one of the fastest-growing sectors of the tourism market, influenced primarily by public demand for more environmentally and responsible tourism” (Boo, 1990, Eagles et al 1993). In addition, “ecotourism is the purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and natural history of the environment; taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem; producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of natural resources beneficial to local people” (Garen, 2000,221).
With the development of transportation and the acceleration of globalisation, tourism has become an important means to stimulate economic growth. According to the world tourism organisation (UNWTO), tourism has become the world’s fastest and largest economic sector. Moreover, international tourists have increase dramatically from near 25 million in 1950 to 996 million in 2011(Chang et al., 2014). However this figures have put high stress on not only environment but also on society and economy for the local areas.
Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. Tourism is one of the world's largest industries and one of its fastest growing economic sectors. It has a multitude of impacts, both positive and negative, on people's lives and on the environment. Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. There are several
One of the main advantages of tourism for host country is additional job creation that
Nowadays, people’s awareness on environmental sustainability is growing. Technology and regulations are developed in order to promote this issue and prevent further exploitation that could cause damages. This essay discusses the impact that international tourism has on the environment and its impact in the next 10 years. The subjects in this discussion will be climate change and natural resource depletion as an impact from rapidly growing tourism industry.
The tourism industry in the Philippines has been increased since late 19th and early 20th century. According to National Statistical Coordination Board, Tourism is an important sector for the Philippine economy, contributing 7.8% to the Philippine gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014.Tourism makes an important part to the economy of the country. The growth of the economy had been into a major change since the end of the People Power Revolution up until to the present time because of the Tourism growth. The tourism industry employed 3.8 million Filipinos, or 10.2 per cent of national employment in 2011, according to data gathered by the National Statistical Coordination Board. In a greater thrust by the Aquino administration to pump billion to employ 7.4 million people by 2016, or about 18.8 per cent of the total workforce, contributing 8 per cent to 9 per cent to the nation's GDP (Calderon, 2013).
Firstly, tourism has positive and negative impact on the economy of the local community. It can create jobs and mitigate the numbers of unemployment. For example: one
It is the economic effects of tourism which bring the most benefit to the host nation. Tourism is a low import user which means more of the money earned here stays here. The government is earning money through tourist taxes such as the airport tax, increased export earnings and income tax revenue from people employed by the industry. A balance must be struck between these benefits and associated negative impacts on the community and the environment.
The economy can be clearly identified as the most beneficial aspect of tourism. “According to recent statistics, tourism provides about 10% of the world’s income and employs almost one tenth of the world’s workforce” (Mirbabayev, 2007). In Australia alone, Tourism contributed $87.3 billion in 2012, and employed 908,434 (7.9%) people (Kookana & Duc Pham, 2013). Tourism is “one of the most profitable and rapidly developing industries in the world” (Popushoi, 2004). Every year the number of tourists increase dramatically and consequently the revenues from tourism will increase substantially.