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Demography is the branch of science that studies the changing human population. Demographers track population changes in different countries and regions. The changes are represented in graphs and tables called survivorship curves and life tables. Survivorship describes the pattern of survival in a population, in this case, humans. Life tables track groups of organisms born at the same time throughout their life span, recording how many continue to survive in each succeeding year.
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Survivorship is the number or proportion of individuals from the newborn class surviving to the timeframe of interest. Survivor rate is the number or proportion of individuals surviving from year to year. Survivor rates are a “one time” step change, meaning time is measured in increments. 4. Fecundity is the number of offspring produced per reproductive event (per gestation/clutch/pollination).