White, C. (2010). What's all the howling about? Managing wolves and elk in Idaho. Fair Chase Winter. Accessed November 22, 2013 from http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/public/docs/wolves/articleHowling.pdf
Since the wolf is under the protection of Endangered Species Act a person could be punished with up to a $100,000 fine and up to 1 year in jail for killing a wolf. Back in the 1850's there was a major population increase of the wolves in America, this was due to settlers moving west. These settlers killed more than 80 million bison, the wolves started to scavenge on the carcasses left behind. By the 1880's the majority of the bison were gone, so the wolves had to change food sources. This meant that they turned their attention to domestic livestock, causing farmers and ranchers to fight back.
Your children are starving, the winter is approaching and it is your responsibility to feed your family, their extended family, and the entire pack. Under these circumstances even you would kill an elk or two. In 1995, 14 wolves were brought from Canada into the Yellowstone National Park, in an effort to see how they would affect the ecosystem if they were reintroduced into America. The two decades after the wolves were integrated into the park has been filled with conflict as citizens fight for or against reintroducing wolves country-wide. Wolf activists, farmers, and hunters are the main players in the fight for or against wolf reintroduction.
As of 1995, wolves have been reintroduced into the park. This has come with some strong opposition and yet has prevailed. The future of the wolf in Yellowstone park is now looking bright, although not certain since there still are those who want them banished again. History Many hundreds of years ago wolves roamed the entire North American continent with no barriers and very few predators. As settlers moved into the United States, wolves became more and more scarce in the wild of America.
The wolf is an incredibility majestic creature of the wild. Centuries of hunting have pushed the wolf to the brink of extinction. Man decided to bring back the wolf, but it took many years before their numbers came up enough to be taken off the endangered species list. Now the wolf is abundant with overwhelming numbers. In 2009, a law was enacted allowing people to go out to the local Fish and Game office and buy a license to hunt wolves.
The weak are sorted out and the strong survive. The same goes for the wolves. The wolves that are injured or have diseased cannot survive. When they die scavengers get to eat their meat, which contributes to the ecosystem. Another pro is more people come to Yellowstone National Park to see the wolves since they were extinct for more then 30 years.
Over 200,000 years ago, glaciers covered much of the earth. Hungry brown bears, probably isolated in the glaciers near Siberia and looking for something to eat, discovered seals. The first bears probably just ate seal carcasses that washed ashore because that was their hunting capability at the time. Within 75,000 years (a short period in evolutionary time), rapid changes took place so bears could survive on ice, be an aggressive hunter and reproduce in a frigid land. That new species, the early polar bear, arrived during the mid-Pleistocene period.
Help Stop the Extinction The Grey Wolf’s, Canis Lupus (“Animal Fact Guide”), habitat can currently be found in the tundra, grasslands, forests, and some deserts ("Gray Wolf National Wildlife Federation"). Some areas include northern United States such as Alaska and Montana as well as Canada and some parts of Mexico (“Basic Facts about Gray Wolves”). The wolf mostly resides in these areas in hopes that it can find its prey easily. These animals include; beavers, elk, deer, rabbits, moose and caribou (“Animal Fact Guide”). But in the past seventy years the Grey Wolf’s population has been diminishing rapidly.
While wolf hunting habits are a prime example of natural selection, human hunters are the opposite. They hunt the bigger and stronger deer, giving the weak a chance to reproduce. What about the problem of the decreasing deer population? They have been over-populated for many years, and while good for hunters, this is a problem for the wilderness areas of Wisconsin. Without the wolves to hunt the deer, they overpopulated rather quickly.
A few years ago there were plans to keep four wolves in a secure enclosure at the Alladale Estate across 50,000 acres but the plans were scrapped in the interests of the animals’ welfare. Even though this plan never went through, it proves that the issue is being fully considered. The Alladale Estate already has elk and wild boar, and the beaver and sea eagle have been successfully reintroduced to the Scottish countryside. When is it the wolves’ turn? The benefits the wolf would bring to Scotland are both economic and environmental.