Summary Of On Nature By Parmenide

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Aryesh Chaudhari 4/23/14 Philosophy 1000C Professor Robert Grimwade Interpret and explain the fundamental metaphysical position of Parmenides as expressed in “On Nature.” “On nature,” is a narrative sequence written by Parmenides in which he takes a remote distant unpopular path to seek the divine acknowledgement from an un-named goddess on the nature of existence and nonexistence i.e. The object of knowledge i.e. the reality and the object of not of knowledge i.e. non-reality and unity of nature. He puts forward the theory of uniqueness; fact of the state of being and the way of truth but it is anything more than mere appearance. In this poem Parmenides describes a journey he once made. A strong sudden unreflective urge to take a path to a sacred temple unnamed goddess, maybe the goddess of truth and wisdom. He travelled in a speeding chariot pulled by mares, which carried him unharmed through day and night. The daughter of the sun hurriedly escorted him through the house of night towards the light. They have pushed back the wheels from their heads with their hands. The ethereal gate of path of day and night has doors of moral justness, justice and repayment. The maidens cleverly, flattering lure the guardians, maybe justice of the gate to unlock the doors. Slowly the doors opened wide swinging in turn in their sockets fixed with rivets and pins. At the very moment the maidens drove the chariot swiftly through the gap along the roadway to heaven i.e. a sacred temple of enlightenment. Upon his arrival there an unnamed goddess welcomes him warmly. Affectionately she tells him the well rounded truth of the universe. She expresses that he was very much fortunate to travel on the road which has only rights and justice. Sinc... ... middle of paper ... ...sible, being is real and hence “Being is One.” – “All is One” Although the knowledge through senses misleads us into thinking in two minds that are opposite, different, void and unreal but actually in reality and ultimately everything is really one. – “All is one.” Through this way of thinking Parmenides concludes that we should never rely on the experience that is obtained to us through our senses and completely ignoring it, and only employing pure deductive reasoning will help us to discover the eternal real, unchangeable, indivisible truth of Parmenidean One – Being. The only final eternal truth that can exist to be known. “It is unity without diversity.” So according to Parmenides logical scientific deductive reasoning is the only way to achieve true knowledge. “Everything is really and ultimately One”. “Being is one.” “All is one” The ultimate true knowledge.

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