Analysis Of The Apology, Crito And Phaedo

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Human beings are comprised of two separate entities, a body and a soul. The soul is immortal and cycles in nature and lives an infinite number of bodies. This paper will explore the immortality of the soul as discussed by Socrates in The Apology, Crito and Phaedo and significance of being a philosopher. The Apology is regarding Socrates defense of himself at the time of his trial. Socrates, a wise philosopher is brought in the courtroom and the Athenian jury convicts him on corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in God. The Oracle of Delphi pronounced Socrates to be the wisest of the Greeks and around the world. Socrates unconvinced, went around systematically to find someone wiser than himself, from poets, politicians, and craftsman.…show more content…
It starts with Phaedo, Simmias and Cebes, all interlocutors who recount the story of Socrates execution. This dialogue is unique because it contains discussions of the philosopher, a soul’s immortality through the opposites, recollection, affinity and the last argument. A philosopher is capable to relate to death and understand what happens to the soul. Socrates mentioned that those who called themselves philosophers should be ready to face death and not commit suicide or violently lay hands upon themselves. One should not commit suicide because men are looked after the Gods and “doing nothing in association with it unless we simply can’t avoid it, not letting it infect us with the kind of thing it is but purifying ourselves from its influence – until such time that the gods themselves set us free” (67a). Therefore, it would be impolite for one to end their life on their own terms before God willed it. A philosopher is “always eager to set the soul free” and sets the least value on the body (67d). A philosopher is someone who denies his self-pleasures, interests, wealth, and tries to spend his life to detach his soul from the body and its limitations. According to Socrates, the philosopher is on a journey to seek virtue, wisdom and knowledge. Moreover, if intelligence is a philosopher’s only goal then the body acts as a hindrance because of its…show more content…
People are able to comprehend abstract qualities that aren’t observable in the real world. The knowledge we come and learn in this life must have come from a previous state of existence. Therefore, learning is not a new concept but a process that brings out the past back from us. Socrates stated that in a previous existence, we encounter a platonic form. A platonic form is the things itself, the reality of whatever happens to be. Ideas such as goodness, justice, beauty, truth and equality are acknowledged to be real. For example, two sticks lying on the ground are not equal in length but very close in resemblance. A person is able to recognize this state of equality based upon their knowledge of equality. “Whenever someone recollects something from things that are like it, mustn’t he always have this additional experience, of having in mind whether or not this thing he’s starting from is deficient at all in respect of its likeness to the thing he’s recollected?” (74a) One can never find true equality or perfect justice in anything that is material but encounters and perceives it through their senses and mind. Likewise, beauty is beyond being, where every beautiful thing participates and some participating more than the other, thus immaterial beauty becomes beautiful. Things are beautiful just because they connect in some way to the ideal form and because the idea of being
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