Study of Segregation in School Systems by Jonathan Kozol

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“Brown vs. Board of Education” made it a federal crime to segregate children based on race in 1954. On the other hand, “Plessy vs. Ferguson” concluded that “separate but equal” was justified in America’s education system in 1896. Fifty years later after “Brown vs. Board of Education” according to author Jonathan Kozol, the school systems are run more like a separate but unequal system. Kozol states that today’s schools are just as segregated as they were before 1954 and funding is seriously inadequate for those in the urban areas where most attendee’s are African American and Hispanic. This inadequate funding has led to overcrowding, dilapidation of the schools, a decreasing number of on-site health officials, and lack of an enriching educational program. The effects of the funding situation has led to poor state standardized test scores, and an increasing number of students dropping out or taking more than four years to graduate. Today, strict military style programs hope to correct these poor outcomes. Are today’s schools being segregated to pay less for subordinate groups’ education, or is this just one person’s one-sided outtake on a matter that society has little control over? I aim to examine these accusations incorporating some firsthand experience from my dilapidating public school system.

Kozol has compiled a list of schools that are either still segregated, or are re-segregating and the schools do not have the same things as those in suburban, or mainly white neighborhoods. He outlines many inner city schools as mostly African American and Hispanic students. Some schools have less than a quarter of their population come from Caucasian decent, and as few as one student in the demographics. Kozol speaks about unequal d...

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...economics and history. The unequal attitude is due to economics as well and how America has a faulty tax system to equalize our schools. It is also up to the students and parents themselves to acquire the knowledge needed to pursue a better life. Kozol has shown that America’s education system needs improvement to equalize the education received for each student. The article has expressed a spiraling out of control situation that needs to be halted and changed sooner than later to help America’s future. I find it disturbing that those that are the poorest have to suffer and have a low chance at changing their children’s lives without making major changes now. What will it take to create an educational system that works for all and in spirit of Kozol, what will it take to integrate those with a white complexion, African Americans, Hispanics, and other ethnicities?
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