Two personalities—opposite and antagonistic—mesh within one body. Jekyll is increasingly unable to control his alter ego; his identity becomes fragmented into Jekyll and Hyde, and then the Hyde persona begins to manifest itself unexpectedly. The ending of the story, in which it turns out the Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde are one man, stirs up a strong feeling of the uncanny and forces all to reconcile this turn of events with their belief in the rationality of the real world. Hyde’s effect is that of a mirror to the repressed side of individuals in civilised society, and that the uncanniness in the text stems from readers being forced to consider the possibility of the existence of a Hyde-like figure within themselves and those around them. In many ways, Jekyll can be seen as an extension of self and is used as a preservation against extinction (9).
The obvious push-and-pull between Dr. Jekyll’s good intentions and Mr. Hyde’s desires to create corruption sparks an innovative conflict between the forces of good and evil within one’s self, specifically the inherent evil that exists within humans. This issue is evident in various parts of the book as Jekyll constantly tries to control his evil self, but fails frequently. Jekyll recognizes this evil is portrayed in himself: It was on the moral side, and in my own person, that I learned to recognise the thorough and primitive duality of man; I saw that, of the two natures that contended in the field of my consciousness, even if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both; and from an early date . . .
The story “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” by Robert Louis Stevenson conveys the theme of duality in nature in which man is fighting himself, or in this case, another version of himself. Being a psychology major, it is interesting to see a case this serious over how an alter ego can control the main psyche up to the point where it no longer conveys influence, but instead manipulation. In order to understand the control an alter ego can eventually have on the individual, it is important to comprehend exactly what an alter ego is and how an individual can lose dominance over it. A common misconception with this story is the readers’ belief that Dr. Jekyll suffers from schizophrenia. Schizophrenia (also called dementia praecox) is a psychotic disorder characterized by progressive deterioration of the personality, withdrawal from reality, hallucinations, delusions, social apathy, and emotional instability.
An influential aunt in obtains an position as captain of a Congo steamer for Marlow. But when he arrives at the Company's Outer Station in Africa, he's faced with a horrible display of black slavery and white greed and hostility. In a shady grove he discovers a crew of sickly African workers that have crawled away to die. He also meets the Company's chief accountant, who mentions a man named Kurtz who is a remarkable agent that has sent more ivory from the jungle than the other agents combined. Marlow's interest is perked in Kurtz and will eventually grow into an unhealthy obsession and become the focus of the story.
Anxiety and Drug Use in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and The Sign of the Four The life experiences and writings of the Victorians are peppered with anxiety. External influences such as sweeping change or fear of change can produce unease, as seen in the their anxious attitude toward Darwinism and colonialization, which greatly influenced the political, spiritual, and psychological landscape of nineteenth century England. However, for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes and Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll, anxiety springs from an internal source: the human mind and its many urges. For Jekyll, the anxiety is fueled by a desire to set free his evil urges; for Holmes, the catalyst is his proclaimed "boredom" with everyday life. Jekyll and Holmes struggle with their separate anxieties and reach similar solutions.
This modification in the narration suggests that the induction of Jack's savage inhibitions had reached so low as for him to divest himself of niceties of human sophistication. In this case it would be giving oneself a name or in Jack's particular situation; losing it. Apropos to th... ... middle of paper ... ...icts" can be blamed by savagery from an embattled personality for every islander. This presumption is appropriate to William Golding's views on human nature of mankind being totally primal with the absence of rules and also the subject of his allegory. In conclusion the symbolism and conflicts in this story are all propitious to the savagery of the islanders.
With that said he was the one responsible for his guilt and loss of sanity, he let himself be manipulated and controlled. In conclusion, power is often a source of violence. As a result the desire for power breaks down the boundaries set by rules and order, causes strife and competition, and governs the actions of many to act upon the animalistic instincts that are set deep inside even the best of us. There for once achieved, power has the ability to either improve or corrupt its holder.
Kurtz had been seen as a God by one tribe and had begun raiding surrounding villages for ivory and participated in brutal and savage practices. Marlow gets Kurtz to the boat and attempts to bring him back to civilization, but Kurtz was too sick and died leaving Marlow with his affairs and documents. Conrad did acknowledge that “Heart of Darkness” is in part based off of his own experiences as a captain of a steamer on the Congo River in the 1890’s, where he witnessed horrible treatment of African natives and the imperialism thrust upon the people by European companies there. The book is a bit ambiguous, but its themes are clear and the contrast of two very differ... ... middle of paper ... ...er than learn they assumed everything was wrong with their culture and societies then they commenced to pillage and slaughter. Conclusion It was a great thing to be able to read “Heart of Darkness” again (since I was much more eager than when I read it in High School).
Raskolnikov’s personality conflict is so extreme in duality that he can be identified as both the protagonist and antagonist of this story. From this point comes the question of to what extent does the personality conflict of Raskolnikov dictate his beliefs, actions and therefore contribute to overall plot development? Due to Raskolnikov’s contradictory nature, he demonstrates intense levels of egoism and self-absorption alongside madness and agony. These aspects lead him to commit heinous criminal actions which physically and emotionally hurt others. Ultimately, he commits the greatest damage to himself through a descent into madness which he disavows.
The criteria of stories involving Satanic heroes leads to unique situations and writing throughout the novel. Early in the text, Shelley highlights the circumstances that lead to a Satanic hero: inquiring for information, horrible actions, and unfavorable results. She incorporates the theme of nature v... ... middle of paper ... ...ing them. The theme of nature vs. nurture applies to Victor. It even explains his educative pursuit, which causes the disputable actions accounting for his disconsolate ending.