Americans are faced with health complications such as stroke each and every day. Stroke, also called “brain attack” is the third leading cause of deaths in the United States, killing more women each year than breast cancer. According to World Health Organization, fifteen million people suffer from stroke worldwide each year and about 700,000 in the United States. Among the people, it can be inferred that there is a poor public awareness of stroke. There are also many myths about stroke and one of them states that stroke is not preventable. It is also said that strokes cannot be treated, can only strike the elderly and its recovery happens for a few months post-stroke. When in reality, about 80% of strokes are preventable, it requires critical emergency treatment, can happen to anyone of any age, and occurs in the brain. It is also imperative to know that its recovery can continue throughout life.
Everyone knows that the heart is a vital organ and we cannot live without it. It is complex and important; therefore it is critical to know how it works. With knowledge about the heart and what is good and bad for it, one can significantly decrease the risk for diseases. Now, the heart has three layers. Endocardium is the smooth inside lining, myocardium id is the middle layer of heart muscle, and it is surrounded by a fluid filled sac called the pericardium. The heart is split into four parts; some may call it chamber or rooms. These parts are the: right atrium, the left atrium, the right ventricle, and the left ventricle. The chambers are separated by partition walls known as the septum and each has a one-way valve that prevents blood from flowing backwards.
These four parts help the heart pump blood throughout the body. The right...
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...story of high blood pressures, it would be better to have it checked more than that. High blood pressure can result from having too much salt on one’s diet. It is important to decrease or stop using salt on foods, and eat as healthy as possible. In addition, people may choose to lose weight, and exercise regularly to control hyper tension.
Another controllable risk factor is having high cholesterol and coronary heart disease. High cholesterol can increase risk by blocking blood flow and clogging blood vessels which also increases the risk for a heart disease. Cholesterol is a soft fat in the bloodstream and having a level off 200 is considered high. Cholesterol is needed in the body in order to form hormones, and vitamin D. High levels of it, however, could lead to the buildup of plaque on artery walls, which can clog arteries and cause a heart or brain attack.
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Strokes. Generally, whenever we hear about someone who suffered from a stroke, the result is never good. Why is it that strokes are so dangerous and why is it so important for providers to recognize them as early as possible? What do we do when we suspect a patient is currently having an active CVA (cerebral vascular accident)? All of these are excellent questions that medical providers need to affluent in.
Stroke, also referred to as CVA or cerebrovascular accident, is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. Stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries blood and oxygen is either blocked by a clot, bursts, or ruptures (Dennis & Sen, 2015). When this happens, oxygenated blood fails to nourish tissues in the brain. Symptoms of a stroke vary and depend on the area of the brain affected. The most common symptom is weakness or paralysis of one side of the body with partial or complete loss of voluntary movement or sensation in a leg, arm or both (Dennis & Sen, 2015). There can also be speech problems, thought and/or coordination difficulty, and weak face muscles causing drooling, numbness, or tingling (Dennis & Sen, 2015). Symptoms that improve within 24 hours, or within minutes, with no evidence of a stroke are categorized as a mini stroke – or transient ischemic attack (TIA), which is caused by a temporary blood clot (Dennis & Sen, 2015). Those that have experienced a mini-stroke are at risk for a following stroke compared to those that
Stroke is the third cause of death in the United States. Stroke is the interruption of blood in the brain. According to the American heart association 730000 Americans are affected by stroke per year 160000 resulting in death. Also stoke is s the number one cause of disability of the United States. The main reason why strokes occurs is hypertension, smoking, heart disease and family history. However 90% of the strokes is because of fat accumulated in the carotid artery or when the blood clots becoming to stay in the carotid arteries. There are six types of strokes these are ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), embolic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, thrombotic stroke, and lacunar infarction
A stroke is a serious occurrence that is considered to be a medical emergency, according to CDC.gov. Strokes happen when either a blood clot in the brain blocks blood flow carrying vital oxygen, or a blood vessel breaks within the brain and oxygen does not arrive at specified locations. (CDC.gov/Stroke Fact Sheet) Oxygen is imperative for brain function. According to CDC.gov, the brain utilizes approximately twenty percent of the body’s oxygen intake; without a continuous intake of oxygen, brain cells begin to die. According to stroke.org, every single minute before a stroke can be treated, an estimated 1.9 million neurons are lost, which is why it is important to know the signs and symptoms of
Cerebrovascular disease or the term stroke is used to describe the effects of an interruption of the blood supply to a localised area of the brain. It is characterized by rapid focal or global impairment of cerebral function lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death (Hatano, 1976). As such it is a clinically defined syndrome and should not be regarded as a single disease. Stroke affects 174-216 people per 10,000 population in the UK per year and accounts for 11% of all deaths in England and Wales (Mant et al, 2004). The risk of recurrent stroke within 5 years is between 30-43%. One problem is that the incidence of stroke rises steeply with age and the number of elderly people in the UK is on the increase. To date people who experience a stroke occupy around 20 per cent of all acute hospital beds and 25 per cent of long term beds (Stroke Association, 2004). The British Government now identifies stroke as a major economic burden on the National Health Service (DoH, 2002).
Strokes have been one of the leading causes of disabilities in humans (Lau & Chitussi & Elliot & Giannone & McMahon & Sibley & Tee & Matthews & Salbach, 2016). Stroke is the damage to the brain when the blood supply is interrupted resulting in a clotting (Gupta, 2014). Strokes have an abundance of effects, but there are several types of treatments and rehabilitation that are now available and helping to reduce the post stroke deaths (Gregory & Galloway, 2017; Gupta, 2014).
A stroke has become one of the most serious diseases which threatens public health worldwide. A prevalence of a stroke increases with age but it is not natural part of aging process. According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013), more than 375,000 Australians had suffered by stroke in 2009 and 70% of them were more than aged 65. Furthermore, more than a third of Australians among them had a disability from the stroke (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2013). A stroke often leaves people with paralysis, balance problem, cognitive problem, speech impairment and loss of memory depends
Each year ischemic strokes account for 87% of all strokes in the United States being the leading cause of disability (American Heart Association [AHA], 2013). Preventable disabilities related to strokes not only decrease the quality of life, but also cause a significant financial impact on a community. Early treatment of acute ischemic strokes with thrombolytic therapy or mechanical interventions helps to improve patient outcomes and decrease disability (Ashraf, Maneesh, Praveenkumar, Saifudheen, & Girija, 2015). Time is brain, thus let us get to it!
The term cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or stroke, is a medical emergency with a sudden onset that can have devastating effects (Bansal, Pelino, Pizzimwnti, 2015). A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted (ischemia), or when a cerebral vessel ruptures and causes blood to bleed into the brain (hemorrhage). Both ischemia and hemorrhage cause brain cell death by depriving the brain of needed oxygen and nutrients. Damaged brain cells die and abilities controlled by that area of the brain are lost (Cook, Clements, 2011). The World Health Organization defines stroke as “Rapidly developing clinical signs of focal or global disturbances of cerebral function lasting more than 24 hours with
Stroke is one amongst the foremost distressing experiences that can happen to anyone. A stroke is caused by an intermission of the blood offer to half of the brain. The term ‘stroke’ comes from the actual fact that it always happens with none warning, ‘striking’ the person from out of the blue. Worldwide, each year 2/1000 individuals have a stroke. Five out of six strokes happen in individuals over the age of sixty. It is hardly ever obvious why somebody ought to have suffered a stroke. Contrary to widespread belief, stress, and either future or following a sudden event, is not in itself a reason behind a stroke. The most common is obtaining older and alternative factors are high blood pressure (hypertension), smoking, being overweight, having too much sugar in blood (diabetes) and having abundant in excessive amount of cholesterol in blood. Strokes occur once the blood flow within the brain is hampered and brain tissue is broken. There are 2 major varieties of strokes: Ischemic and Trauma. The severity of injury to the brain tissue depends on several factors together with age, area of the brain affected, and alternative medical conditions. If the hand and arm doesn’t have medical aid in real time when stroke, it will reduce the power and muscle management, leading to a claw like look and loss of perform. Activities of the patient daily legal document will be significantly affected.
A recent breakthrough has occured in the treatment of stroke-induced brain damage at the University of Southern California. Scientists working collaboratively have allowed such breakthroughs to occur. The neurologists role is to recognise and assess the damage and treatment effects to these stroke patients undergoing trials, using his specialised skills as discussed. Scientists, such as neurophysicists and biochemists for example would also be involved in instigating, developing and conducting the research.
The Stroke Foundation developed the “Clinical Guidelines for Stroke Management” (2010) to provide evidence-based recommendations for the management of stroke during all phases of recovery and to improve the delivery of care. Therefore, if an intervention or strategy is deemed effective through evidence, it has been recommended in the guidelines, alongside a grading to reflect the reliability of the evidence and the importance of the intervention or strategy. The guidelines are primarily intended for use by policy makers and health care professionals who manage people with stroke in order to improve the quality and effectiveness of the care provided. However, it is essential to not only provide information to the health professionals, but also to the community to prevent or reduce the impact of a stroke. The Stroke Foundation aimed to raise awareness of the 4 common signs of stroke, as well as the impact time has on a person having a stroke in terms of their treatment path and recovery, through their “Think F.A.S.T Act FAST” campaign. The pneumonic F.A.S.T teaches people that signs of face or arm weakness and speech difficulties are stroke signs and prompts them that it is time to act quickly to get medical assistance. Health professionals are also encouraged to inform their patients, friends and relatives of the campaign to prevent the impact of
Stroke doesn't have a cure. Many researchers are studying the different types of strokes that people can have. By understanding what causes stroke at a cellular level by studying this it will improve treatment and it will prevent for stroke to occur in people’s lives. They are also focusing in their blood pressure which it usually impacts the development of stroke. They are also noticing that being with family and friends can improve the abilities of stroke patients (Schoenstadt, MD Arthur,2017) . Researchers say that people who have their high blood pressure high have a higher risk of having strokes (Jacoby David B.,