preview

St. Anselm And The Ontological Argument Of God's Existence

Good Essays
In the 11th century St. Anselm of Canterbury wrote the Prosologion, where he formulated the ontological argument of God’s existence. The beginning of his argument begins with propositions that do not rely on experience to believe that God’s existence is tangible. Furthermore, throughout Anselm’s argument he portrays logical and rational statements to show strong evidence of God’s existence (Oppy, par. 2). The main focus of this ontological argument is to counter the fool’s belief that there is no God, in this case the fool being Gaunilo. Guanilo was a monk of France and was one of many who criticized Anselm’s ontological argument. In Gaunilo’s argument he modeled that just like conceiving about God it should also be possible to conceive of…show more content…
Anselm’s argument he starts by stating the concept of a “being than which no greater can be conceived”. This statement is one of the strategies Anselm uses to defend the existence of God. St. Anselm has confidence that if individuals understand the terminology of God and existence and also can understand what it means to speak of him, they must then come to the conclusion that he is of existence (Halsall, par. 14). This statement then leads everyone to believe that God definitely exists in our understanding as well as the atheist mind. The preposition that a being existing in reality is far greater than solely in the mind, assists Anselm’s argument of proving God’s existence. He believes that if God exists in reality then that would contradict the statement of a “being than which no greater can be conceived” because that would mean something greater could be conceived (Halsall, par 13). Anselm’s argument then looks something like this, God is greater than which nothing greater could be conceived from this statement there then can be nothing greater imagined. So if God in fact did not exist then there could be something greater conceived but there is not, therefore God does exist (Oppy, par.…show more content…
First off, all individuals have a different idea of their perfect island. In addition, individuals could continuously ask for more of what is desired in their minds because there is an endless number of resources available. For example, if someone desired to have more fruit or birds on their perfect island they could always continue to get more of it. When Gaunilo compares this to God he did not take into consideration the various powers that God grants. When Anselm addresses God to be the greatest conceivable being he is referring to Gods genuine features that are offered (Himma, par. 12). God has the power to, sustain all possible of knowledge in the world (omniscience), maintain pure goodness in addition to moral perfection (omnibenevolece), and also have an infinite amount of power (omnipotent). In this sense one cannot ask anything greater than that of God due to the fact that he can offer anything that the mind can imagine (Halsall, par. 7). Furthermore, Mulla Sadra an Islamic philosopher assists Anselm to defeat the fool’s objection. Sadra placed the argument of the righteous to prove the existence of God and to prove that he is indeed necessary. Sadra’s argument begins with the fact that there is existence, and existence is a perfection that is above of any perfection that may be conceived. There is only one singular being of perfection that
Get Access