Men who carried out their duty well were rewarded within the society and held an elevated status. Spartan’s held that ideal that to,“know that it is good for the city-state and the whole people when a man takes his place in the front row of warriors and stands his ground without flinching.” The wanted to create the strongest warrior possible and the only way to incentivize that was through honor. Honor was made an attainable goal for these warriors and something that they had been conditioned to want to strive for. Greek people also honored the gods though as their first and foremost responsibility. They needed to do right by these deities in order to be successful in their lives.
As apparent by Achilles reputation as the greatest warrior in the world it is evident that society held him up as the example of a virtuous man. Virtuous men in Greek society were not only warriors but fathers as well. The head of the household was in charge of perpetuating the family, worshiping acncestors, maintaining family’s economic worth, insisted... ... middle of paper ... ...an was virtuous or not. However, in Socrates’ view the only kind of person who would be named virtuous was one who was able to follow God’s order without question. Hence, society believed they where able to create themselves virtuous, but in the eyes of Socrates God was the only one who was able to reward a person of virtuousness.
They disagreed, however, on whether or not leaders were born with inherent qualities, or if these qualities depend solely on education. They also disagreed about whether or not a strict separation between leaders and followers is required, and what form of government the best State should take. Plato was the student of another great Athenian thinker, Socrates, and he used him as a mouthpiece throughout his dialogs to examine philosophical concepts (Wren, 1995). One of the most important concepts that Plato defines is justice, and it is in this analysis where we find most of his thoughts on leadership. For Plato, like many Greeks of his day, the individual was subordinate to the state.
Monsters appear in Greek myths and have different representations and roles. Greek mythology reflects a view of the Greeks towards the world and how certain aspects of their lives are similar and different to modern society. Throughout all Greek myths, the gods were always created in the image of man. This shows how Greeks viewed men in a positive way and thought that they were more powerful and superior to women. In addition, they thought men and women are unequal and that men were given jobs that required more physical strength.
Lets Just say every thing is important to Sparta! They valued military and combat excellence over every thing else. They believed that intelligen... ... middle of paper ... ...s government is democratic. Sparta was actually formed by dorian invaders and Athenians are ancestors of Ionians. Sparta is located in the Laconia region meanwhile Athens is located in the Attica region.
They were dedicated to the god Zeus, the Greeks even suspended the wars between city-states so the athletes of the Olympics could compete. Philosophers, lovers of wisdom, were determined to seek the truth. There philosophy was based on two assumptions: (1) The universe (land, sky, and sea) is put together in an orderly way, and subject to absolute and unchanging laws, and (2) people can understand these laws through logic and reason. The three main philosophers of classical Greece are Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The arts of classical Greece had a different flair than any other civilization.
The oration reminds Athenians of their greatness because of the fact that they, as warriors, had more to fight for: they have more to lose because they live in freedom. Pericles was extremely proud of the nation that he lived in. His speeches were filled with motivation to instill justice in Athens by praising the people. He persuaded the people of Athens to join him by keeping faith in the maturiy and development of the state. “Choosing to die resisting, [Sparta] rather than to live submitting, they fled only from dishonor, but met danger face to face; in one brief moment, while at the summit of their fortune, they escaped from fear and embraced their glory.” Pericles’ Funeral Oration.
Homer uses Achilles primarily to show how being a great warrior and leader in Greek culture leads to high social respect and power. The subtle message of power through warriorship is shown by Homer in his writing. Homer only focuses on the great warriors. He ignores all of the minor warriors in a way that reflects the Greek belief in Elitism, the belief that only the greatest warriors mattered. When a common man is finally shown in the story he is depicted as almost less than a man.
Still, it shows us that filicide was encouraged in ancient Greece, an... ... middle of paper ... ...peers. If Xenophon was ashamed, we may view this as his personal feelings; or it may have been the general underlying view of filicide. If this was the general underlying view of filicide, it contradicts what has been stated about Spartan propaganda, and shows us that the Spartan Mirage was just that: a mere mirage. It is also possible that filicide was a regular part of life in all the Greek city-states. It was therefore not considered out of the ordinary enough to document as special.
The development of Athenian democracy has been fundamental for the basis of modern political thinking, although many in modern society UK would be sceptical to call it a democracy. Plato and Aristotle in The Republic and The Politics respectively were critical of the Athenian democracy, by examining the culture and ideology present the limitations and possible downfalls of a democratic way of life. Within this essay I will outline these limitations and evaluate their validity. Plato defines Athens as a democratic society that “treats all men as equal, whether they are equal or not.” Therefore, believes that there are those that are born to rule and others that are born to be ruled. Plato presents the argument that democracy does not achieve the greatest good, giving four main objections to democracy.