In 1957 the Soviet Union sent a satellite into space, this made the United States want to surpass the Soviet Union. This competition between the Soviet Union and United States is what we know as the Space Race. Each country wanted to have the best technology and be the first to get a man in space. Humans were very skeptical of going into space, so instead they sent animals into space to test if it was safe for humans. The monkeys weren’t forgotten, even after the first humans reached space in 1961.
Approximately sixty years ago the United States sent two monkeys, a Rhesus and Squirrel monkey, into space. The monkeys were named Able and Baker, they were shot into space about 360 miles up and experienced about nine minutes of weightlessness. …show more content…
The Space Race started with the launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in October of 1957, this was quickly followed by Sputnik II which carried a canine passenger. This was soon surpassed by the first human in space in 1961. The USA on the other-hand failed to respond effectively, it took several attempts before launching its own satellite, Explorer I, in January 1958.
Although men have gone into space, they were not the first ones there. Scientists sent a number of different animals up into space including monkeys. Both America and the Soviet Union sent monkeys into space, but the Soviet Union is more famously known for sending dogs. Many of the animals sent into space died on impact or in space. The first monkey that the USA sent that actually passed the Karman line and made it into space was Albert II. He was sent up in 1949 and died on impact. The USA chose monkeys because they were the closest relative to humans. They believed that sending monkeys into space would help prove that humans could survive in space. The first monkeys to survive in space and the trip back were Able and Miss Baker in
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind," said by Neil Armstrong as he took his first steps on the moon during the NASA Apollo 11 expedition to the moon. No man has ever been to the moon before and NASA, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, was the first to get someone to land on the moon. NASA has had many great accomplishments in exploring the "new frontier" that have affected the United States ever since it was first created in July 1958. The idea for NASA first started when the Soviet Union launched the first satellite on October 4, 1957. United States started up its own space travel program and started to work on its own projects that would be better in than the Soviet Union's. This all started the great space race. It was a big race between the Soviet Union and the United States to see who could learn and discover the most. The United States and Soviet Union started building and sending satellites and space ships. Then they tried to see who could make a suit and ship that would be able to allow a living thing to go up in space. They tested out all of the equipment with monkeys and dogs, seeing what would work. Many animals did die in the process but by the results of their testing they were able to build suits and ships that allow human beings to go up in space. Even though they were able to create these machines, that doesn't mean that they didn't have their difficulties and dangers. Two space shuttles were crashed or blown up. There were many key factors that they had learned to fix that resulted in the crashing of those ships. They have made many discoveries and accomplishments like having the first astronauts walk on the moon.
The 1960’s were full of questions, and one of the biggest questions the world was pondering about was regarding the Space Race: was the USA going to beat their communist enemy, the Soviet Union? The Space Race was a series of events that helped to symbolize and determine in the worlds’ eyes which form of government was better, communism (Soviets) or democracy (United States)? In the beginning of the race, the Soviets had the lead, and it was not looking good for America. Then the United States picked up the pace and spent well over eight billion dollars funding the space studies. This period of time made many scientists and astronauts heroes in the eyes of Americans. The Space Race was a combination of determination, intelligence, space projects, and American pride, all used to reach our exploration goals and surpass the Soviets.
Space Monkey: The launch of monkeys into space help the advancement for the containment effort in that once a life form can survive the launch into space human life will be able to go up as well. This would help the containment effort because it would give the United States an advantage that the other nations did not have. This advancement could help the United States launch attacks and spy on warring countries from a secure vantage point.
On the day of May 25, 1961 the president(John F. Kennedy) has announced that he(NASA) wanted to accomplish sending a man to the moon and having him return safely back to Earth by the end of the century. And finally, eight years after he made this speech NASA had made an Apollo program and in July 20, 1969 they had successfully met the presidents challenge. The astronaughts that we’re sent to space were Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” they were the first people to have ever step foot on the moon. One quote that everyone has hear is “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for man kind”.
When the space race began in the 1900s, the United States of America was competing against Russia to excel in space exploration. They wanted to be the first to fly in space, first people in space, and especially first to go to the moon. The man that achieved this was Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon. He is honored and remembered by this legendary space walk but many people overlook his many other important life achievements.
For example in 1957 of October 4, Sputnik which is the first artificial satellite was launched into space (document F). The poster is from Fatherland, it's from a race of stars. Therefore more about who went to space on Nov. 3, 1957, the first dog goes to space his name was Laika. After that in 1961 April 12, the first astronaut man named Cosmonaut Yuri. It was two years since the first guy became into an astronaut that in 1963 of June 16, Valentina Tereshkova the first woman goes to
The Americans took a much more urgent approach after seeing what the U.S.S.R. was truly capable of. The United States would respond with various satellites including those of the Explorer Series and more. However, the Soviet Union would again one-up the United States, and all of their now seemingly feeble satellite launches, by putting the first man into outer space, Yuri Gagarin, in 1961. Now the quest gained an even more competitive drive and the United States soon put Alan B. Shepard into space twenty-three days later. The Space Race was truly a trek for the firsts of history, essentially just exterrestrial one-ups throughout an extended period of time. That very same year, John F. Kennedy founded NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, just for that purpose, to explore the world beyond their own, while maintaining the central aim, to beat the Soviets outright. JFK was a leading power in this race, and “by giving NASA programs top priority, his actions essentially played on American fears of communism and implicitly inferred that the Eisenhower administration had not done enough to meet the Sputnik challenge. Too many Americans were beginning to feel a need to vindicate the ‘long-standing communist boast that theirs was the superior system for galvanizing human productivity’” (Koman 43). Winning this space race was way more than just an extraterrestrial victory, it would hopefully squander the communists’ hopes and assert true American dominance. The United States sought to eliminate any presumption of communist superiority and did so in the near future by winning this Cold War space race, thanks to the execution of a truly unimaginable
The Space Monkey was the first animal into space for the U.S. The Space Monkey was also known as “Ham”, by his close friends and trainers. Then came that final day and that everyone new Ham would make history. “Ham woke up on January 31, 1961 like the average human did that day” (Life). He ate is breakfast and went on to finish the mission he was born to do. “He then boarded a NASA space capsule and was shot into space at thousands of miles per hour he then traveled more than 150 miles above Earth’s surface” (Life). The mission lasted about a little over 15 minutes. After everybody around the world heard about the mission being a success, they started to do the same. NASA and their employees started to train their animals a lot more to be able to make the mission there and back alive. Ham was one of the animals they started to train more and better. He was a quick, easy learner, and had fun with it. “What made Ham so unique and different than all the other animals was that he was trained on how to use the equipment and to stay away from electrical hazards if a malfunction or a circuit board were to overheat or blow up” (Animals in Space). Ham’s trainers worked very hard day after day, week after week on preparing him so he could s...
The Space Race was a competition between the Soviet Union and the United States of America for technology on space that happened from 1955-1972. This competition caused many amazing things: The first object in space, the first man in space, and the first man on the moon. The Space Race had started in the Cold War, an Arms’ Race between the U. S and the USSR.
The space race was the product of the Cold War. It was an effort to prove technological superiority but on the other hand, it was also feared on both sides that weapons of mass destruction will be placed in orbit. In 1957, the Soviet Union sent the 184 pound Sputnik 1 satellite into Earth’s orbit. It was the first artificial satellite and the first manmade object to be placed into Earth’s orbit. Following that, they also sent the first animal into space, Laika the dog. In 1958, the United Sates also launched their first satellite into orbit, dubbed Explorer 1. The Soviet space program advanced once again in 1959. The Soviet Union launched Luna 2, which was the first space probe to hit the moon. In April 1961, the Soviet Union had the ultimate success, sending the first human into space. The name of the Russian cosmonaut was Yuri Gagarin, who made a 108 minute suborbital flight in a Vostok 1 spacecraft. One month after that, Alan Shepard became the American in space aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft. Continuing from there, each nation step...
Space travel was born from the flames of war – or in this case, the refrigerators of war. The Soviet Union and the United States were ready to show up each other in the fields of science and engineering, and with the recent advent of rocketry, it was evident that space was the next goal. Russia held the first few victories: including the first man-made satellite and the first man in space. Following these defeats, America picked itself up, and defeated the Russians on the race to the moon.
The first man to travel to space was Yuri Gagarin. History was made on April 12, 1961, when he successfully orbited the earth in the Votsok 1. His flight lasted one hour and 48 minutes and as he circled the earth, his speed was about 17,000 mph on the Votsok 1. Following this mission, Gagarin was killed in a test airplane crash .