Born in Dublin in the year 1865, William Butler Yeats would go on to become universally recognized by his peers as the greatest poet of this century writing in the English language. This recognition would come as early as 1828, a decade before his death with the publication of arguably his finest volume, The Tower (Fraser, 207). The son of one time attorney and later well known painter John Butler Yeats, W.B. Yeats was of partially Cornish and Gaelic decent, born near Dublin and raised between both England and Ireland.
Maupassant (1850-1893) was a French writer who wrote from a naturalist/realism point of view. Swimming, boating and studying law were some of his interests when not writing. He was kicked out of a seminary, contracted syphilis in his twenties and started writing poetry. He had to withdraw his first volume of poems which were so scandalous they caused a lawsuit. He wrote novels, articles, travel books and short stories. At a young
Henry James was born on 15th of April, 1843 in New York City in a wealthy and intellectual family. His father, Henry James Sr., was a social theorist and lecturer, older brother William James was pragmatist philosopher and diarist, their sister Alice James. James’s family traveled a lot, back and forth Europe and United States of America. The wealth of his father gave them the opportunity to have tutors who speak different languages. James studied in Europe, but his come to America did not go well for his education, so he devoted himself to writing, and his first story was published in 1865, Harward Law School was not meant to be his call. The first story was The Story of a Year, the trigger for his next art critics, reviews and travel essays
Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24, 1802, to Thomas Alexandre Dumas and Marie-Louise Labouret. He was born in the town of Villers-Cotterets, France during his father’s retirement from the European Army. A few years after Alexandre’s birth, his father died, which left his mother to care for him and send him to school on her own. Due to his mother’s lack of funds, Dumas dropped out of school to take a writing job. This was the beginning of his literary career
Waugh’s Oxford years posed a question concerning his sexuality. Christopher Sykes, Waugh’s friend and author of Evelyn Waugh: A Biography, states that upon entering Oxford, “Evelyn entered an extreme homosexual phase. [...] The phase, for the short time it lasted, was unrestrained, emotionally and psychically” (Sykes 48). Sykes refuses to go in details about Waugh’s homosexual affairs and writes that claims about Waugh’s homosexuality were much exaggerated.
Evelyn Waugh’s 1945 novel Brideshead Revisited is a story about an upper class family observed and narrated by a middle class outsider Charles Ryder. The author introduces various motifs and themes throughout the novel, specifically the exploration of sexuality. Sexuality is defined as the expression of sexual receptivity or interest especially when excessive. Waugh successfully portrays homosexuality in this novel through the use of characterization, symbolism, and the nature of the relationship between the protagonist Charles Ryder and his tragic friend Sebastian Flyte. In Brideshead Revisited, homosexuality is the hidden love story concealed through the term friendship between Charles Ryder and Sebastian Flyte.
The references to Oscar Wilde are ingeniously placed within the novel to give a historical framework to the novel. Pat Barker, in her use of historical characters intertwined with her creation of fictional characters, shows how homosexual and heterosexual men can relate in the background of war and in a society of changing social mores.
Myles states that “the queer is not necessarily other to puritanism, but always exists as a rich yet destabilizing potentiality within Puritanism itself” (351). She also calls in conversation with many different scholarly authors, as well as John Winthrop, and the Bible. Her critical method is sound. Myles takes in account the time period of Anne Bradstreet’s writing, and perhaps this is why she cannot come to any concrete thesis. Her final conclusion of speculation of queer writing rather than a queer author takes in account the world that Bradstreet was in. Myles appears to be very sensitive to perspective and reality when taking in the world around the
Monsieur du miroir
Le Faune de Marbre
Nathaniel Hawthorne (Américain, 1804 – 1864)
(Voir également l'essai de Henry James sur Nathaniel Hawthorne, publié dans la collection En lisant en écrivant, parution septembre 2000)
“Depuis notre dernière rencontre (…) je me suis retranché de la société dans la réclusion ; et pourtant je n’ai jamais voulu rien de tel ni rêvé quelle sorte de vie j’allais mener. J’ai fait de moi un captif et me suis mis dans un donjon, et maintenant je ne trouve pas la clef pour m’en tirer – et si la porte était ouverte, j’aurais presque peur de sortir.” L’homme qui écrit ces lignes explore, depuis quelques années, dans la plus grande solitude, les “labyrinthes de l’âme puritaine” et s’adonne, “n’ayant rien d’autre dont (il) puisse avoir l’ambition”, à la littérature.
As a child Matthew was born in 1822, Matthew was born at Laleham of the Thanes, where he was homeschool at an early age. (Applebee, Arthur N. “ Dover Beach To Marguerite” introduction. The Language of Literature, British Literature. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littel, 2006.941) Matthew was raised under his father, who was a clergyman. Matthew Arnold father is name Thomas Arnold. Matthew was the oldest of all siblings. Matthew Arnold went to two good colleges in his younger years. He went to Oxford, University and Bolliol College. As a student, he did not try his hardest in college, but he did just enough to get by. Although in Oxford, University, he was awarded a scholarship along with other Oxford, University students. (Applebee, Arthur N. “Matthew Arnold” Afterward. The Language of Literature, British Literature. Evanston, IL: McDougal Little, 2006.946.)