Somalian Refugees in America

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The Immigration and Nationality Act legally defines a refugee as any person who is outside any country of such person’s nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided, and who is unable or unwilling to return to, and is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. (Immigration and Nationality Act, 2012). The refugee status is a form of protection that may be granted to people who meet the definition of refugee and who are a special humanitarian concern to the United States. The internal displacement monitoring centre defines an Internally displaced persons (IDP’s) or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border (idmc “Definition,” 2013). There are 2 elements of internal displacement- 1) involuntary character of movement and 2) Movement only takes place within the national borders. Involuntary movement is such as, like a refugee, armed conflict, violence, human rights violations and disasters. These causes have in common that they give no choice to people but to leave their homes and deprive them of the most essential protection mechanisms, such as community networks, access to services, and livelihoods. Unlike Refugees, who have been ... ... middle of paper ... ...health resource for Chittenden County parents, guardians, schools, and other child-serving professionals. Retrieved December 2, 2013, from http://studentsfirstproject.org/childadolescent-mental-health/at-risk-populations/refugees/somalia-somali-bantu/ 8) StudentsFIRSTProject.org (n.d.). Somali Bantu Refugee Cultural Considerations. StudentsFIRSTProject.org- An online mental health resource for Chittenden County parents, guardians, schools, and other child-serving professionals. Retrieved December 1, 2013, from http://studentsfirstproject.org/childadolescent-mental-health/at-risk-populations/refugees/somalia-somali-bantu/somali-bantu-cultural-considerations/ 9) U.S. Department of State (n.d.). Reception and Placement Program. U.S. Department of State - Diplomacy in Action. Retrieved December 1, 2013, from http://www.state.gov/j/prm/ra/receptionplacement/index.htm

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