Social Impact Of Christopher Columbus

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Amidst the numerous pivotal events in history the voyages of Christopher Columbus impacted not only the Americas, but the world by initiating the process of globalization. Columbus’ voyages not only brought new people to the Americas, but initiated the genocide of indigenous people. The voyages also brought new crops to Europe that increased the population while also providing new crops to the Americas that would fundamentally change the economy of the American tropics for centuries to come. The voyages also brought about the introduction of diseases that would have devastating effects on the Americas.
Christopher Columbus was born in 1452 in Genoa, which today is a part of Italy. Columbus was born into a family of weavers and later became
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Following the introduction of lucrative tropical crops in the Caribbean and Brazil, and as the native population there was limited (Brazil) or dwindled into oblivion (the Caribbean), the need for imported labor grew more acute. An estimated 10 million African slaves were forcibly transported to plantation colonies (mostly in Brazil and the Caribbean). Tropical diseases the slaves brought along, most notably yellow fever and malaria, further increased reliance on African labor, since Africans were less vulnerable to these diseases than were Europeans and Amerindians” The Columbian Exchange not only impacted Europe and the Americas, but the world. Trade routes expanded and people began immigrating to new places bringing with them their customs, religions, and languages. Columbus was essentially the father of globalization. He sparked an increased fervor for exploring and conquering the west. The influx of immigrant to the new world would eventually drive the indigenous people into smaller and smaller areas as exploration increased. Many indigenous groups would eventually disappear either through genocide or widespread illness. The influx of diseases would prove to be an effective exterminator of indigenous groups. Disease was not only a problem with Columbus’ exploration. “Tainos and Caribs disappeared from most Caribbean islands entirely; Mexica and Quechua Indians (in present-day Mexico and Peru, respectively) fared slightly better. Aside from the demographic impact, smallpox facilitated Spanish conquest, as in Tenochtitlán (Mexico City), where an epidemic broke out during Hernán Cortés 's conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519–1521), and Peru, where the Inca emperor Huayna Capac and his heir both succumbed to smallpox, sparking a bloody civil war before and during Francisco Pizarro 's conquest

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