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Similars In Ancient Societies: Similarities And Differences

explanatory Essay
1438 words
1438 words
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Similarities and Differences in Ancient Societies Although no ancient society was the same, there are many similarities and differences that can be seen between Egypt, Rome, Classical Greece, and China. Many of these societies contributed to ideas or beliefs that we still hold onto even today. The studying of the similarities and differences between these ancient societies tells a lot about the progression of the world and how far we have come along from the ancient societies. Ancient Egypt was where the some of the world’s first civilizations begun. About five thousand years ago the first permanent settlements were located in the Fertile Crescent which is located between Mesopotamia, Syria, and Egypt. This geography was critical to the development and progression of ancient Egypt for a couple of different reasons. First, since the Nile, Euphrates, and the Tigris rivers that ran through this land would flood turning the surrounding area into marshland and would require a lot of irrigation to be able to live off of the land. This need for constant efficient irrigation was one of the things that helped the people become much closer knit and become more organized. The Nile in particular was very important to development of Egypt as it provided all the life for the surrounding desert. Since the rest of the area surrounding 1 the river was very dry, it became a necessity to work together and cooperate to be prosperous. The two most important gods to the Egyptians were Osiris and Ra. Ra is represented to them by the sun and was worshiped as the god creator of life. Osiris was seen as the god of the earth and fertilization as well as the god of death. Osiris also has a brother as well who was known as Seth. Seth was the god of all ... ... middle of paper ... ...wealthy and had no political power in the early Roman Empire. They started out with no rights but as time went by a struggle emerged for plebian rights and eventually they earned their equality by rights of the law after years of political fighting. The most important political institution that was created during this time was the Senate who created a sense of stability in Rome and offered advice to the console of Rome. It helped Rome keep order in the land and aided in the governing of the people. Throughout this essay it can be seen that these societies were different and similar in many ways. Each had its own set of beliefs about the gods, how people should be categorized, and how a government should be run. By studying these past societies we can learn much about how the great societies of the world became what they are today, and how far they have progressed.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that although no ancient society was the same, there are similarities and differences that can be seen between egypt, rome, classical greece, and china.
  • Explains how the fertile crescent was critical to the development and progression of ancient egypt. the nile, euphrates, and tigris rivers were important for the people's development.
  • Explains that the river was dry, and it became a necessity to work together and cooperate to be prosperous.
  • Explains that the two most important gods to the egyptians were osiris and ra. politically, the pharaoh was the ultimate authority and practically the state.
  • Explains that ancient china's geography was similar to that of the egyptians in that it was protected from surrounding areas by mountains, desert, and ocean.
  • Explains that chinese religion was more focused on the ethical and worldly rather than the gods. during the warring states period, the hundred schools of thought were developed.
  • Explains that confucianism's five principles include righteousness, trustworthiness, wisdom, propriety, and benevolence.
  • Explains that taoism focuses on withdrawing from the problems of this world and constantly stresses the importance of humans to do things according to nature’s principles by following the way.
  • Explains that alexander the great died in 323 b.c.
  • Explains that greece and athens achieved its highest cultural and political means and became a democracy. socrates questioned everything that everyone else took for granted.
  • Explains that rome was founded by romulus and remus, the sons of the war god mars, in 753 b.c.
  • Analyzes how societies were different and similar in many ways. each had its own set of beliefs about the gods, how people should be categorized, and how a government should run.
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