Similarities and Differences in Ancient Societies Although no ancient society was the same, there are many similarities and differences that can be seen between Egypt, Rome, Classical Greece, and China. Many of these societies contributed to ideas or beliefs that we still hold onto even today. The studying of the similarities and differences between these ancient societies tells a lot about the progression of the world and how far we have come along from the ancient societies. Ancient Egypt was where the some of the world’s first civilizations begun. About five thousand years ago the first permanent settlements were located in the Fertile Crescent which is located between Mesopotamia, Syria, and Egypt. This geography was critical to the development and progression of ancient Egypt for a couple of different reasons. First, since the Nile, Euphrates, and the Tigris rivers that ran through this land would flood turning the surrounding area into marshland and would require a lot of irrigation to be able to live off of the land. This need for constant efficient irrigation was one of the things that helped the people become much closer knit and become more organized. The Nile in particular was very important to development of Egypt as it provided all the life for the surrounding desert. Since the rest of the area surrounding 1 the river was very dry, it became a necessity to work together and cooperate to be prosperous. The two most important gods to the Egyptians were Osiris and Ra. Ra is represented to them by the sun and was worshiped as the god creator of life. Osiris was seen as the god of the earth and fertilization as well as the god of death. Osiris also has a brother as well who was known as Seth. Seth was the god of all ... ... middle of paper ... ...wealthy and had no political power in the early Roman Empire. They started out with no rights but as time went by a struggle emerged for plebian rights and eventually they earned their equality by rights of the law after years of political fighting. The most important political institution that was created during this time was the Senate who created a sense of stability in Rome and offered advice to the console of Rome. It helped Rome keep order in the land and aided in the governing of the people. Throughout this essay it can be seen that these societies were different and similar in many ways. Each had its own set of beliefs about the gods, how people should be categorized, and how a government should be run. By studying these past societies we can learn much about how the great societies of the world became what they are today, and how far they have progressed.