Funk and Hip Hop are two similar yet different genres of music that have been popular amongst music lovers throughout the last three decades. Both have upbeat drum grooves as well as rhythmic basslines and melodies that the listener will be bound to remember. They also share similar articulation in their drums and basslines. However, while the two genres might be similar they have their own differences in lyricism and meaning as well instrumentation and production. Songs that exemplify their characteristics include funk group Midnight Star’s 1983 hit “No Parking on the Dance floor” and rapper Grandmaster Flash’s 1982 “The Message” from the album of the same name. Both are reflective in respect to their genre and through their structure, instrumentation/production …show more content…
(Crauwels, 2016) states that hip hop enabled a higher word concentration and has more meaning to be potentially conveyed. Originally aimed to end ghetto poverty, bigotry and racism by connecting remote subcultures, Hip hop is more focused on lyrical content, focusing on experiences and hardships, unlike funk’s focus on “good times”. Hip Hop music is structured to typically include an Intro, followed by a few verses, a hook and an outro, proclaimed in “raps”, or flow of words. Funk music is focused on choruses as part of its danceable nature and also typically focuses its lyrics on having a good time, rather than telling a story of poverty, etc. Unlike hip hop, which deviated to an electronic focus, funk retained the use of natural instruments, though it is true that they also incorporated electronic instruments as the years progressed. The timbre is another contrasting factor between the two genres as well. Funk music made for dancing and partying, therefore it presents a very happy, bright aesthetic. This can be heard in “No Parking on the Dance floor”, particularly with the main synth melody and it harmonious counterpart, the bassline, both of which are played in G major and 120bpm. In “The Message”, the opposite aesthetic is presented, with a gloomier, serious tone which reflects the lyrics. The song is instead in G minor and was produced at a much …show more content…
Hip Hop used to be made by sampling old funk records which featured breakdowns, or drum and bass only sections used to create a continuous breakbeat. The rhyme, or rap is equivalent to “flow of words”. An emcee (MC is short for master of ceremonies) or hip-hop artist would then “rap” over the sampled beat into a completely new track. Hip hop songs usually lie between 80 to 105 beats per minute, though it began to expand as newer subgenres emerged in the following years. (Crauwels, 2016) mentions that since hip hop initially tried to end ghetto poverty, bigotry and racism, artists tried to shift their focus to white audiences, connecting remote subcultures. Hip hop music was still very music connected with the black community, however, since it was a lifestyle that brought many people with the same experiences together. What was then recognized as MCing, hip hop had been around a few years before gaining any commercial attention. In those early days, it was essentially a live performance art form that complemented hip hop’s main attraction, the DJ. Ironically, some DJs began to rhyme or add MCs as a way to keep rivals from stealing their two most prized possessions: their records and their technique. (Watkins, 2005). Funk music branched out of Soul music, but incorporated other genre characteristics such as Jazz and a Rock to create even more rhythmical music. Funk introduces a repeating rhythmic groove,
Hip-hop is one of the major music genres of today like the blues were in the 1950's. Stanley Crouch views hip-hop as being vulgar and obscene while he sees the blues as being one of the classic music genres. In actuality, these two genres are similar in many ways.
Perhaps this trend of commercially successful music promoting hypermasculinity and misogyny found success in funk music and the labels continue to push for these themes in an attempt to continue benefitting from the themes’ popularity and profitability. Both funk and hip hop share the characteristic of being genres that have recurring themes that have been commercially successful, and although it may be out of the control of the artist, these themes play a huge role in both
Motown paved the way for future artists to explore themselves. It helped created the grounds of a great music and cultural integration in the 1970’s to now and hopefully forever. Hip Hop’s arrival was credit to Motown triumphs in the musical world. Through the mixing of percussion and the rhythm of the drumbeats of funk and disco, hip hop revealed the opposition to social inequality and discrimination
Hip-hop started out in the Bronx in New York City with DJ Clive “Cool Herc” Campbell. A man of Jamaica, he essentially birthed the new genre of music by carrying over the Jamaican tradition of Toasting, which “is boastful poetry or over a melody provided by a deejay.” (ROOTS ‘n’ RAP, rice.edu) Its creation can be accredited to the record spinning DJ’s of the clubs of the 1970s. From this, the Master of Ceremonies (MC) was created. He would come up with creative rhymed phrases that could be delivered over a beat or acapella at dance clubs. They consisted of boasts, insults, “uptown throw downs”, and political commentary. From there, hip-hop only grew more and more popular. Being that it was created in a dominantly African American neighborhood, it became a tool for blacks to express their problems with society and be heard by the rest of the country. Though it was a microphone for African Americans to express themselves to the rest of the country, there were some other things that happened within the black community through hip-hop as well. One of these things was a diss track.
Since hip-hop has expanded from the undergrounds in Bronx in the 70’s it has grew into a popular accepted music genre. Consequently, as it progressed from the golden age it gradually grew away from its original roots. If one were to evaluate the change of lyrics in hip-hop, they would see a difference between early hip-hop and today’s hip-hop. The current state of hip-hop is in a stage where things like hey young world are outdated. Instead of broadcasting out a positive message, hip-hop sends out a message of sex, drug, and violence. The early musicians who helped solidify hip-hop, by producing music that told stories on subjects of race, respect, or even music that had a positive message.
Hip hop is both a culture and a lifestyle. As a musical genre it is characterized by its hard hitting beats and rhythms and expressive spoken word lyrics that address topics ranging from economic disparity and inequality, to gun violence and gang affiliated activity. Though the genre emerged with greater popularity in the 1970’s, the musical elements involved and utilized have been around for many years. In this paper, we will cover the history and
Hip-hop contains of a stylized rhythmic music normally goes along with rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is sung. In 1970, the Last Poets released their eponymous debut album; this was the first hip-hop to ever be released to the public. Their music was mixed with funk and aggressive, socially-conscious spoken words that became a primary brick in the foundation of what would come to be hip-hop. The 70’s also played a big part in the evolution of this funky music, which became the new sensation. Bringing forth dozens of excellent new releases, the future was looking bright for hip-hop. Unfortunately, the growing popularity of funk coincided with the rise of disco, the bland Ritchie Family/ Donna Surnmer School of dance music, where string sections, thudding drum machine beats and sentimental vocals replaced percussion, horn sections and urban funk.
Hip-Hop became characterized by an aggressive tone marked by graphic descriptions of the harshness and diversity of inner-city life. Primarily a medium of popular entertainment, hip-hop also conveys the more serious voices of youth in the black community. Though the approaches of rappers became more varied in the latter half of the 1980s, message hip-hop remained a viable form for addressing the problems faced by the black community and means to solve those problems. The voices of "message" hip...
The cultural theory helps expand the knowledge of “hip hop” as an idea and influence on society. Mark Anthony Neal discusses the development of the understanding of hip hop by dissecting the layers and complexities of the culture, “Hip-hop music and culture emerged as a narrative and stylistic distillation of African-American youth sensibilities in the late 1970s,” within What the Music Said (Woldu 18). Urban history is a large, yet vital characteristic throughout the study of hip hop and its progression; Russell Potter shows how critical the representation of black musical expression and the “history of vernacular speech” is for the hip hop community in his book, Spectacular Vernaculars (Woldu 19). As decades pass and the hip hop scene expands, the history of this culture becomes influenced by more historical movements and creations. However, that is not the only historical significance that runs deep within the hip hop culture. The history and influence of the black feminist movement within the hip hop scene became a demanding characteristic in the development of the hip hop culture. As the gender divide became an evident aspect through the hip hop generation, women, especially female rappers,
Hip hop has multiple branches of style and is a culture of these. This essay will examine Hip Hop from the point of view of the following three popular music scholars, Johnson, Jeffries and Smitherman. It will delve deeper into their understanding of what hip hop is and its relation to the different people that identify with its message and contents. It will also identify the history of Hip hop and its transition into popular music. In particular this essay will focus on what hip hop represents in the black community and how it can be used as a social movement against inequalities faced by them. This will then open up the discussion for the how this has influenced society, and the impact it has had in terms of race issues which hip hop itself often represents through music.
Some weaknesses of James McBride’s “Hip Hop Planet” include its cynical tone and his attitude towards the musical side of Hip Hop. McBride opens the essay with a reflection on what his ultimate nightmare is. He showcases the Hip Hop community in a negative light with phrases like, “music that doesn’t seem to be music—rules the world” (McBride, pg. 1). This starts the essay off negatively because it misleads the reader by letting them think he is not a supporter of the Hip Hop movement. As you read the entire essay you realize this is not the case. The article itself isn’t very inviting because tone of the entire essay is very cold and cynical. He also doesn’t agree with the typical Hip Hop sound saying things like, “It sounded like a broken record” (McBride, pg. 1). The sound of Hip Hop music is what helps define it and is a crucial aspect of
Consequently, new school Hip-Hop is much diluted and has no originality about it whatsoever. It has even gone as far as them biting off the old school beats and rhymes and turning them into a lot of the distasteful songs heard today. Old School Hip-Hip songs always had major characteristics that set each and every artist apart and them unique, which inspired some of the best in the game like Snoop Dog, Eazy E, and Biggie Smalls. In new school Hip-Hop there’s a lack of a positive message that’s not being relayed to today’s generation. The only thing you can translate from the Hip-Hop of present is that you need to stack paper, make it rain the club, and what kind of car’s to drive. Old Hip-Hop tried to instill ambition in the children of the ghetto because let’s face it; many believed that once born in the hood that’s ...
The longevity of Hip-Hop as a cultural movement can most directly be attributed to its humble roots. For multiple generations of young people, Hip-Hop has directly reflected the political, economic, and social realities of their lives. Widely regarded as the “father” of the Hip-Hop, Afrika Bambaataa named the cultural movement and defined its four fundamental elements, which consisted of disc jockeying, break dancing, graffiti art, and rapping. Dating back to its establishment Hip-Hop has always been a cultural movement. Defined by far more then just a style of music, Hip-Hop influences fashion, vernacular, philosophy, and the aesthetic sensibility of a large portion of the youth population (Homolka 2010).