Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) was a Russian Marxist politician and revolutionary in the early 20th century. His contribution to Soviet Russia was immense through his practice of Marxist and Trotskyist theory for Russia and the world. His rise to prominence in the Soviet Union was characterized by his work and partnership with Lenin. Trotsky’s most significant accomplishments included his leadership of the Red Army and success in the February Revolution, which consolidated Bolshevik power. Trotsky’s ‘talent’ and ability’ was undoubted, however, it was insufficient to attain leadership of the Soviet Union.
The use of terror under Lenin 's rule was also highly effective in removing political dissidents and exerting Bolshevik authority through coercive measures like the Cheka and the Red Terror. The accumulation of these factors centred on Lenin 's leadership helped stamp Bolshevik power across the Soviet Union. Lenin’s pragmatic leadership was the most considerable factor in helping to fortify Bolshevik power. His willingness to take power in October/November 1917 and the successes of the move, through his right-hand man, Trotsky, was critical as it helped give him unquestioned authority within the party despite members of the Central Committee i.e. Zinoviev and Kamenev who suggested industrialisation needed to occur first.
From this the New Economic Policy was born, and conditions in Russia improved immensely. However, Stalin did not have such a capacity to see error, and reverted to pure communism, undoing all of the good work that Lenin had finally managed to achieve. Before Lenin can be seen as the leader of Russia under the Bolshevik party, we must see Lenin as an opportunist. He was ruthless in all of his dealings, and capitalised on every opportunity that came knocking. He used the conditions in Russia at the time, namely the fear and despair created by Germany in WWI.
After the death of Lenin, his chief lieutenant Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin fought for control of the country. Stalin was able to win out over Trotsky and gain control of the Russian government. He felt that Lenin and Trotsky’s socialistic ideas were flawed in that they were to wait for other countries to revolt and become socialistic as well. Staling believed that a single country could make socialism . In order for it to work, Russia had to become an industrial power at all costs.
Lenin managed to end the war that had for so long depressed Russia's resources and morale. He succeeded in focusing on the severe internal problems of the new government, and in “ saving the socialist republic” . One of the largest problems that Russia faced prior to the October Revolution was finally ended, though its effects were still to be felt. Almost immediately afterwards, in 1918, Civil War begins. The battling White Army divided amongst different leader...
Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power in 1917 There are many factors that help explain how and why the Bolsheviks managed to seize power in 1917. It was a combination of long and short term causes that together, created a revolution. The political system itself was long overdue for reform, but with a weak Tsar, the economic and social conditions became worse and worse. In 23 years, Nicholas II dropped from the glorious ‘Little Father of Russia’ to prisoners of his own country, hatred and despised by the majority, for the suffering and unhappiness he had helped create. There were many long-term causes that gradually led up to the revolution in 1917.
Joseph Stalin showed this mentality about war when he began to take from the already diminished poor classes of Russia to help aid in the s... ... middle of paper ... ... would ultimately aid his nation in becoming a political, social, and economic powerhouse. In conclusion, Stalin was most certainly a Machiavellian leader. During his reign as the Premier of the Soviet Union his actions, decisions, achievements, and life were close to if not exactly what Machiavelli attempted to teach the Florence politicians. In their time of war and bickering Machiavelli saw the need for a great leader, who was willing to do what it takes to allow the nation to prosper. Joseph Stalin was that man of his era, and he like the many Machiavellian leaders would have success and troubles along his reign as a ruler.
He demanded a revolution against the Provisional Government as soon as possible. In November 1917, under the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky, the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional government, beginning the era of Communist rule in Russia. Stalin played no real part in the events of the revolution. The revolution was the result of detailed Bolshevik planning, and of the failures and weaknesses of the Provisional government. Lenin knew that there was enough discontent amongst the people for a revolution to work.
This had a significant impact for Russia at the time as it saw the loss of large amounts of territory including Latvia, Estonia and the Ukraine. The Bolsheviks faced resistance to the conditions of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk due to Trotsky’s actions, which had a meaningful, although negative, impact on the times as it led to the outbreak of the Civil war. However, Trotsky continued to have a meaningful impact on his time during the civil war as he was appointed. This had an impact as he transformed the Red Militia into an effective army re-appointing Tsarist officers to provide training and organisation, re-introducing conscription, salutes and ranks within the army. Trotsky had transformed the militia of 300 000 in 1918 into an effective army of 5 million in 1920.
The achievements and promise of the revolutionaries can be studied and their strengths marked. The weaknesses that led to their eventual defeat and decay must also be understood, so that the same mistakes are not made again. This article will address these themes in the context of the Russian Revolution at the Kronstadt navel base.2 Kronstadt deserves special attention for several reasons. The workers, soldiers and sailors at Kronstadt used the Revolution to build "a bustling, self-governing, egalitarian and highly politicized Soviet democracy, the like of which had not been seen in Europe since the days of the Paris Commune. "3 This was the great promise of Kronstadt, which Trotsky praised as "the pride and glory of the Russian Revolution.