Sigmund Freud : The Father Of Psychoanalysis

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Sigmund Freud, also referred to as the father of psychoanalysis, was a Viennese physician born in 1856; although he is considered one of the most influential psychologists in history, his journey into the depths of psychological research began in the medical field where he focused on neurology and nervous disorders. During his time as a physician, Freud acquired an interest in the role the unconscious plays in relation to fears and disorders, however, there was no research on the subject at this time. Therefore, as a way to find out what was making people afraid, Freud started asking his patients to tell him everything that came to mind, no matter how unpleasant it may be. Based on his theory, he believed that having his patients say whatever they were thinking was a way of uncovering underlying problems or events that may have been repressed. This became known as “free association,” which is an element of Freuds theory and can still be used as a form of therapy today. Freud’s unique perspective on unconscious processes is what compelled him to create the psychoanalytical theory that we know now, as well as shape psychology for years to come (Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo, 2006). Based on the research conducted, Freud determined that the unconscious, such as suppressed wants, needs and desires, was the driving force in human behavior. Before this time, most all psychological research was done on the conscious mental processes, but this distinct theory focused on impulses that were deeper than humans’ animalistic tendencies, like sexual desire and aggression. From a young age, individuals can reason and think logically, which sets humans apart from their animal counterparts, this lead Freud to believed that the conflict between c... ... middle of paper ... ... the other hand, displacement takes place when your mind replaces someone with something else to protect you; one of Freud’s patients hated his sister-in-law and referred to her a dog, he later dreamed that he strangled a small white dog, which Freud translated as the patient wanting to kill his sister-in-law but to keep him from feeling guilty his sister-in-law was portrayed as a dog. Lastly, secondary elaboration occurs when the unconscious mind obscures the latent content of dream by connecting wish-fulfilling content in a logical order of events, therefore, Freud considered this the reason manifest content of dreams can be in the form of believable events. After further experimentation, Freud came to the conclusion that our dreams play an important role in how our unconscious mind functions, as well as act as window into our unconscious thoughts and inhibitions.

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