Psychology, neuroscience try to explain them, 2012). He studied dreams to better understand aspects of personality as they relate to pathology. Freud believed that every action is motivated by the unconscious at a certain level. In order to be successful in a civilized society, the urges and desires of the unconscious mind must be repressed. Freud believed that dreams are manifestations of urges and desires that are suppressed in the unconscious.
Like the famous psychologist, Sigmund Freud stated that dreams are a representation of unconscious desires, thoughts, emotions, actions and motivations. I believe that dreams are a road to the unconscious mind and are a way of discovering oneself. Not only do we dream for wish fulfillment, but also to solve problems more effectively in our daily lives. One of the meanings we can interpret from dreams is discovering true personal thoughts, emotions, and desires. As mentioned earlier Sigmund Freud, suggest from his book The Interpretation of Dreams that he believes the content of a dream was disguised as the unconscious wishes of the dreamer.
The relationship between dreaming and repression is complex and requires thorough understanding of Freud’s theory thus it is better to get to know some of the terms and concepts Freud raises in study of dreams. As all the information is gathered, it is believed that the wish as fulfilled is shown only in a state of repression during sleep. It is universally known that dreams are full of meanings and emotions. In Freud’s theory, all dreams are wish fulfillments or at least attempts at wish fulfillment. The dreams are usually presented in an unrecognizable form because the wishes are repressed.
« The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind ».1 While Freud already used hypnosis and free association with his patients, he soon felt the need to include the interpretation of dreams in psychoanalysis as well. Freud decided he would developped his 'theory of dreams' to go further in his analysis. According to Freud, dreams allow unconscious desires, fears or emotions to express themselves in a disguised way. Dreams are an expression of wish fulfilment communicating through symbols. Throughout this essay, we will ask ourselves how dreams and their interpretation can be useful to psychoanalysis.
Dreams are, for Freud, a very important tool in studying the unconscious; he believes that they are one of the very few times when repressed' material can move from the unconscious into the conscious mind. However, these thoughts have been repressed for a reason and therefore they must be disguised through, what Freud calls, displacement and condensation. Freud describes displacement using the example of the Sappho- dream of my patient, ascending and descending, being upstairs and down, is made the central point; the dream, however, is concerned with the danger of sexual relations with persons of low degree.' Condensation is seen because the dream is meagre, paltry and laconic in comparison with the range and copiousness of the dream-thoughts.' Nevertheless, dreams are not the only way repressed material finds an outlet; Freud refers to the parapraxis' or slips of the tongue, pen or unintended actions' (Beginning Theory 97) as another way for repressed material to seep out into the conscious mind.
The Activation- synthesis Model of Dreaming The interpretation of dreams developed by Dr. Sigmund Freud is a theory that is still believed by many. Freud thought the function of dreaming was to allow the discharge of repressed instinctual impulses in such a way as to preserve sleep. He also believed the instigating force behind dreams was always an instinctual and unconscious wish. Dr. Freud considered these wishes to be predominantly sexual in nature. In "Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis," he wrote: "Though the number of symbols is large, the number of subjects symbolized is not large.
The Dream State Sigmund Freud noted as the Father of modern Psychology, believed that the function of dreaming was to allow the release of repressed instinctual impulses in a way that would preserve the ability to sleep, and that the instigating force causing dreams to occur was always a repressed thought or wish. Though Freud was an avid student of neurobiology, at the time when his suppositions were created scientists were unaware of certain aspects of the nervous system that today make Freudís theory unlikely (2). The stages of sleep, the biology of the brain, and the retention of dream memories all suggest an idea similar but contrary to Freudís theory. These factors lead one to believe that dreams are in fact not always subconscious or repressed thoughts, but often just the mindless ramblings of the brain and nervous system. To understand dreaming, one must first be aware of the stages of sleep and what each entails.
If the id’s full desires appear then the dreamer would awaken in horror (Flanagan: 2000, p.43). Therefore the resulting dream is always infused with disguise and expressions of the id’s desires. The dream will be experienced that is intertwined in a story like element that absorbs the dreamer further into the dream. Freud also thought dreams aid in an individuals’ survival and so it is passed on to the next generation. Individuals themselves do not listen to the id’s desire when conscious or else the possi... ... middle of paper ... ...ming Souls: Sleep, Dreams and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind Oxford: OUP.