Scientists can and do come across revolutionary ideas intuitively, but their intuition and wishful thinking are supposed to remain disciplined. Ideas are supposed to be open to rational critique, demonstration and verification. Convictions, no matter how strong, must be capable of being refined, modified and even abandoned if necessary. Scientific thinking can thus be differentiated from religious thinking, since religion rarely if ever allows for such an atmosphere to hold sway. Works Cited Freud, S. (1927/1961).
Many religions hold that divine acts can override laws of nature, a view that is usually seen as incompatible with scientific belief. Although some researchers find that the relationship between religion and psychology is not receiving enough attention, others believe that combining the two is important. If the explosion of research publications on religion and spirituality by the American Psychological Association (APA) is any indication, psychologists cannot seem to read enough on the topic (e.g., Donahue & Benson, 1996; Pargament & Park, 1996; Graham-Pole, Wass, Eyeberg, & Chu, 1989). Overall, bot... ... middle of paper ... ... they are probably forgetting that they are social creatures. Even one of the most eminent thinkers of our time, Albert Einstein, would agree that religion and psychology can work together.
The goal of functionalism, with regards to religion, is to analyze religion and explain its purpose by showing what role it plays for humans within society. Sigmund Freud, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx were all functionalist who developed theories as to why religion was such a major part of their society. Their views are very different from the two theorists E.B. Tylor and James Frazer, as they believed humans were using religion to try and explain the unknowns in the world. Though all three of the men took a fundamentalist approach to religion, their theories to explain religion have some major differences between them.
I believe that religion should not be considered the basis of reality since it is highly faith-based. People have different beliefs and that provides multiple versions of how they interpret their reality. I also feel that the “truth” that religion tends to glorify is not the truth because of its lack of empirical claims. In accordance to science, on the other hand, it is heavily evidence based. With science, we understand that it is solely based on observation.
When this happens, we find that religion gets in the way of critical thinking. For example, some people might not accept someone because there religion does not allow it. In addition, it can cause someone to have bias opinions on certain issues. These moments are bad, because it can turn someone off from the faith, and could make him hate other people. It is clear, that religion is bad for critical thinkers, because it can make people bias, It causes religious stereotypes to occur, it can cause people to jump to conclusions without doing research, and it can detour someone from religion.
Interestingly, God also gives answers to tough riddles in life. According to Freud, religious ideas are illusions whose function is to fulfill desires and help us escape the feeling of helplessness. Freud provides us with solid evidence that science excludes emotions and perceptions of feeling helpless through the practical analysis which is free from illusions. Additionally, Freud points out that religion cannot be disproved or ignored, but when in a state of ignorance, one cannot make a clear and informed
Spies are religious systems that seem to take on the information of psychology. Colonialist are different from domestic spies they represent the true revelation of God to human kind about the human condition and God’s plan of salvation. The neutral parties allows for a level of collaboration that seems not to be present in enemies model. This model is not like any other model due to the fact that it encourages the exploration of the exceptional content of both the methodologies that they employ. The allies’ model tends to agree with the spies model that good psychology can be found in religion, but it also rejects that religion is only valuable as a vehicle to express psychological truth and psychological benefits (Entwistle, 2010).
A point in case would be if a person were a person believed in God. Because you cannot feel, touch, smell, or see God, he would be considered unreal scientifically. Wulff points out that both “have issued radical challenges to religious faith” (258). However, both sciences share the view of empirical science meaning the both agree that the studies should be based on sensory experiences. Although psychoanalysis and objective psychology have many similarities they also have a few dissimilarities.
Humans desire to have control over the many things which affect them. Being unable to control something, especially something which can cause damage and suffering, instigates feelings of helplessness and fear but also a strong curiosity to understand what super power is behind this uncontainable and unpredictable force. To repress these feeling of powerlessness, civilization humanized the force of nature and at the same time, reintroduced it as manipulable, by establishing religious ideas. Not only did religion dismiss the threatening wickedness of nature but it also protected against Fate and atoned for the suffering endured on Earth. It has been surmised that without the conviction that a powerful, benevolent being is offering protection, people would find life unbearable.
The points that I will be talking about The Interpretation of Dreams in my review is the theories of manifest and latent dream content, dreams as wish fulfilments, and the significance of childhood experiences. Dreams are mental images and emotions during sleep that may also have sounds and it can be confusing and surprising at times. In Freud’s earliest writings in The Interpretation of Dreams (1899), he insisted that dreams are “the royal road to knowledge of activities of the unconscious mind”. This means dreams offer a means of understanding walking experience. According to Freud, it is important and meaningful to understand our dreams.