The harasser is usua... ... middle of paper ... ...n.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_harassment#Early_history_of_the_use_of_the_term Gale Group. (2003). Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law. Retrieved 10 29, 2011, from eNotes: http://www.enotes.com/everyday-law-encyclopedia/sexual-harassment Sexual Harassment. (n.d.).
There are two types of sexual harassment, which are Quid Pro Quo and Hostile Environment harassment. Quid Pro Quo sexual harassment occurs when an employee gets on the promotion track or even gets to keep his/her job is based on if the employee submitted to or rejected sexul advances or other types of inappropriate sexual comments. Hostile Environment sexual harassment occurs when a co-worker or supervisor in the workplace makes sexual advances or comments to an employer that, while not affecting promotions or the future of the employees job makes the working environment of the employee offensive and hostile. Theres the two sexual harassment types that happen throughout the workplace. There are many laws that protect and prevent sexual harassment in the workplace.
Sexual Harassment in the Work Place Headlines in newspapers, the evening news, and the internet report an increasing number of sexual harassment incidents in the public arena of politics. Imagine the number of incidents taking place in the larger private sector, out of the public’s scrutiny. Although many types of harassment occur in the workplace, the most common, sexual harassment often remains unreported. Various factors constitute sexual harassment in the workplace and may lead to retaliation towards victims electing to report incidents. In addition to adverse effects on victims, organizations similarly suffer from sexual harassment incidents.
Acts of sexual harassment against another individual have sadly become a common incidence in the workplace. It can be either physical or verbal. In 2008 the Association of Women for Action and Research conducted a survey addressing the issue of sexual harassment in the workplace. The study, which included 500 respondents and 92 companies, showed that 79% of the victims are women and 21% were men; 54% had experienced some form of workplace sexual harassment, 27% experienced harassment by their colleague, while, 17% were harassed by their superior. The study also showed that 12% had received threats of termination if they did no comply with the requests of the sexual harassers ("Statistics | AWARE | Workplace Sexual Harassment", n.d.).
In today’s workplace, sexual harassment is a growing problem. The legal definition of sexual harassment is any unwelcome sexual advance or conduct on the job that creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive working environment. Another definition is the making of unwanted and offensive sexual advances or of sexually offensive remarks or acts, especially by one in a superior or supervisory position. Women and men of all ages, backgrounds, races and experience are harassed on the job. Sexual harassment encountered in workplaces is a hazard across the world that reduces the quality of working life, jeopardizes the well-being of women and men, undermines gender equality and imposes costs on firms and organizations.
Investigating workplace harassment and discrimination. Employee Relations Law Journal, 29(4), 55-66. Zugelder, M. T., Champagne, P. J., & Maurer, S. D. (2006, June). An affirmative defense to sexual harassment by managers and supervisors: Analyzing employer liability and protecting employee rights in the united states. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 18(2), 111-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10672-006-9008-9
Introduction Discrimination involves action toward individuals on the basis of their group membership; Baron and Byrne (1994) defined discrimination as prejudice in action. Discrimination can take a very overt form (e.g., refusal to hire women into certain jobs), but in many instances, gender discrimination involves the degree to which the workplace is open to versus resistant to the participation of women. Although many discussions of gender discrimination have focused on the ways managers and supervisors treat men and women, gender discrimination could involve managers, co-workers, subordinates, clients, or customers. In general, gender discrimination include behaviours occurring in the workplace that limit the target person’s ability to enter, remain in, succeed in, or progress in a job and that are primarily the result of the target person’s gender. There are two reasons why gender discrimination is an especially important topic.
Running head: THE REALITY OF RAPE Rape is a crime of violence and aggression that not only hurts a victim for the moment, but it shatters her entire life. According to the Britannica Encyclopedia, rape is defined as “any kind of unlawful sexual activity, usually sexual intercourse, carried out forcibly or under threat of injury and against the will of the victim.” This definition has been redefined to cover same-sex attacks and attacks against those who are incapable of valid consent, including persons who are mentally ill, intoxicated, drugged, etc. (rape). Because rape crimes affect all races, cultures, ages, and economical classes, it is difficult to create concrete research on the topic because of the variances. Society in the United States by no means condones rape, but it does expect it.
Sexual Harassment has been very problematic issue in the workplaces. It occurs everywhere in the world. Throughout the history, many women have suffered from unsolicited sexual behaviors, usually provoked by their employers. However, according to the article" The Complicated World of Same Sex Sexual Harassment", found on the website: http://www.ballardspahr.com/press/article.asp?ID=160, the harasser can be of the same gender as the victim, and the victim can be also male or female. Truly it is against the Law as we learned in a Chapter four which talks about the managing diverse employees in a diverse environment.
Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/topic/meritor-savings-bank-v-mechelle-vinson.com/sexual+harassment (n.d). Preventing Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: Learn what sexual harassment is -- and how to prevent it. Retrieved from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/preventing-sexual-harassment-workplace-29851.html (n.d). Sex Harassment Law: university policy and procedures. Retrieved from http://www.president.umd.edu/legal/policies/def.html (n.d).