About.com Gay Life. About.com, n. d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013. Kennedy, X. J., Dorothy M. Kennedy, and Jane E. Aaron, eds. The Bedford Reader.
One of the first actions taken to promote gay marriages was, “In 1993, Hawaii’s Supreme Court was the first to rule that limiting marriage to heterosexuals was unconstitutional, though the state legislature later amended the state constitution to define marriage more clearly as a union between a man and a women ... [leading] a new trend in gay rights activism that Congress felt the need to come involved.” (Bronski). In 1996 President Bill Clinton outlawed the idea and definition that marriage was a ceremony and that it legally united a man and a women, by signing the Defense of Marriage Act. In 2003, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that the laws against the idea of same-sex marriage violates the U.S. Constitution. When Massachusetts legalized same-sex marriage on M... ... middle of paper ... ...e the Next Gay-Marriage Battlegrounds’, Time.Com, p. 1, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 January 2014. "First Amendment."
DOMA is a resolution that “bars federal recognition of same-sex marriages and allows states to ignore gay marriages performed elsewhere”(Peterson 3). In November 2004, Oklahoma legislators held an election that would decide their concrete position on whether gay marriage is constitutional or not. 58% of the legislators voted to amend the constitution so that it is implied that a civil union (marriage) consists of members of the opposite sex. Most of the Republican legislators kept with the expected conservative view, but surprisingly, more Democratic legislators voted on the conservative end than was expected. As it stands, the majority has deduced that when the constitution was written,... ... middle of paper ... ...ill Not Inherit the Kingdom of God?
Longman, 2012. 371-374. Richey, Warren. "Supreme Court: Both sides in gay marriage debate voice optimism.” Christian Science Monitor 07 Dec. 2012: Academic Search Premier. Web.
The Federal Government should make same sex marriage legal in the United States. It is a human and civil right which is being denied to the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual) community. Same-sex couples should have access to the same marriage benefits and public acknowledgment enjoyed by heterosexual couples and prohibiting gay marriage is unconstitutional discrimination. Denying gay marriage infringes on the Civil Rights of American citizens. Not allowing same sex marriage is also a minority discrimination.
Nevertheless, marriage is still banned in more than half of the United States of America. Why is gay marriage prohibited in most of the U.S.A.? In spite of elected officials not legalizing same sex marriage, Human Rights Campaign (HRC) mentions that gay and lesbian couples want the same rights as married couples and more than half or majority of Americans feel that they should have a legal agreement that gives them those rights. (History of State Constitutional Marriage Bans, 2011-2013). Many elected officials are against same sex marriage whereas the president of the United States, Mr. Barack Obama, is the first U.S. president to support same sex marriage.
The first state to allow same-sex marriage, Massachusetts, had a large impact on homosexuals in America. Since 2003, a multifold of gay couples have taken the opportunity to legally wed in this unique state (Friedman). Currently, many states are being fought over between supporters and opposers of same-sex marriage; the key states are New Hampshire, Iowa, North Carolina, Minnesota, West Virginia, Indiana and Pennsylvania (Gallagher). The support and opposal of same-sex marriage has drastically changed in the past decade. Seven or eight years ago American opinion polls display that the people opposed gay marriage by a 2-1 margin (Klarman).
The debate was brought on by a Supreme Court ruling in the state of Hawaii that stated that the attempt to ban gay marriage was unconstitutional if the court could not give a sound motive for discriminating against same-sex couples. Afterwards, many other states in the country made the decision to inhibit the marriage of gays and lesbians. During this time period, the Vermont Supreme Court allowed gay couples the legal rights of marriage. The courts then put the decision of how they would go about granting these rights in the hands of the state legislature. A year later it had been permitted that the bill granted the lawful rights to the couples but without the title of marriage.