Overview Of Recurrent Brief Depression

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Recurrent brief depression includes a depressed mood and at least four other symptoms of major depression that do not meet the full criteria of any other depressive disorder. These symptoms must last for at least two days and no more than thirteen days (American Psychiatric Association 2013). These episodes must occur once per month for at least twelve consecutive months in an individual who does not meet criteria for any other depressive, bipolar, or psychotic disorder (American Psychiatric Association 2013). This depressive disorder can be diagnosed by a clinician who must make sure there are no underlying causes of the symptoms. In order for a clinician to diagnose recurrent brief depression, distress and impairment in normal functioning must be present (Sue and Sue 2013). Recurrent brief depression is caused by a combination of factors including biological, social, sociocultural, and psychological dimensions (Sue and Sue 2013). The different interactions of these dimensions can result in depression. The biological dimension is inherited from our parents and could potentially be traced back to the beginning of one’s lineage. It includes our genetics, brain anatomy, biochemical imbalances, central nervous system function and autonomic nervous system reactivity (Sue and Sue 2013). Depression has a strong hereditary component, so if someone in your family suffers from depression, then you are at a higher risk of getting it (Cohen-Woods, Craig, and McGuffin 2013). There is not one gene that leads to depression; instead there are multiple genes that interact with each other and the environment that can lead to the vulnerability of developing of depression (El Hage, Powell, Surguladze, and McGuffin 2013). Abnormalities in hormo... ... middle of paper ... ...sychotherapy focuses on current interpersonal problems, so individuals can make positive changes in their relationships. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy focuses on altering the negative thought patterns and distorted thinking associated with depression (FAVA GIOVANNI). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy involves calming awareness of one’s present experience, thoughts, and feelings and promotes an attitude of acceptance rather than judgment, evaluation, or rumination. Therapy tends to have long lasting effects whereas medications do not because they only reduce symptoms without treating the problem. After going through a negative experience such as a trauma, we often try to avoid dealing with it. As anxiety builds up we unconsciously distort the truth by implementing defense mechanisms. In the novel “Room,” Ma uses two defense mechanisms to avoid facing the truth.

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