“The term “humanities” is difficult to define in part because it is used in at least two different ways: one to denote specific branches of learning or academic disciplines that explore human experience and values both past and present; and two to describe ways of thinking about the human condition” (Collins). Both honorable novelists and musicians previously mentioned such as Anton Chekhov, Henrik Ibsen, Scott Joplin, and Francis Scott Key paved the way for young twenty-first century authors and musicians to be able to make history and inspire young artists for centuries and generations to come. The Realism Movement paved the way for novelists, artists and composers to express themselves. This movement allowed them to convey messages, and was ultimate influential argument of what realism is and that it truly represents the life that people live.
In addition, musicians developed a nationalist style using folklore as subject for operas, sometimes borrowing folklore from other countries (Miller, 1973 p134-135). Among the major composers of this period are: Beethoven, Von Weber, Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, Brahms, Rachmaninoff and others. Even though Romanticism and Classicism are classified as opposites they are deeply related. Even in Classicism's excessive use of structures and formalisms, composers of this period also expressed their feelings through music. On the other hand, Romantic composers had to use some basic structures from Classicism needed to write music.
“To say the word romanticism is to say modern art - that is, intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts.” Charles Baudelaire. The Romantic era in classical music symbolized an epochal time that circumnavigated the whole of Western culture. Feelings of deep emotion were beginning to be expressed in ways that would have seemed once inappropriate. Individualism began to grip you people by its reins and celebrate their unique personalities and minds. Some youth began to wear their hair long, their beards scraggly and unkept, and their clothing was inspired by the outlandish and the flamboyant.
In the Romantic era, music acquired poetic or philosophical meaning. Antiquity, folklore, history and exotic cultures were examined as possible sources of inspiration. Romanticism in literature appears to precede the first signs of Romantic music (for example Goethe [1749-1832] and Wordsworth [1770-1850]). The Romantic Movement was fostered especially by a number of German writers and poets. Their influence on musicians was pervasive and enduring.
Renaissance period their techniques was to developed lyrics for listeners to understand music such as using words, phrases and poetic images. Baroque text painting technique was to bring Opera emotion to their audience to show their expressions. In addition, text painting technique originated in the madrigal period. After the renaissance period, Baroque expanded the text painting technique. It was used in opera aria often.
With new technical styles come new forms of music which became evident in the Romantic Period. Changing from the Classical Music Period, the Romantic Musical Period’s stylistic techniques were deeply emotional. The composers of the time expressed freely their personal feelings which were profoundly influenced by the ideals of the French Revolution, including freedom, fraternity and independence. Also, new and improved instruments were invented and utilized during this time. With warm melodies and long lyrical passages, Romantic composers were able to lead people do love their music.
Throughout the eighteenth century the terms sentiment and sensibility began to evolve greatly as discussed in Georgia Cowart's journal, Sense and Sensibility in Eighteenth-Century Musical Thought. This development sparked first in France and then spread to England and on to Germany. Resulting from the maturation of these words, listeners began to find an emotional beauty deeper in the senses, instead of only judging it with the intellect. In France the term sentiment generally referred to either an impression on the senses or an opinion. The first writer to develop a real aesthetic of music was Lecerf de la Vieville.
Influences on the Romantic Period Romanticism spawned in the late 18th century and flourished in the early and mid-19th century. Romanticism emphasized the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, the transcendental, and the individual. Romanticism is often viewed as a rejection of the ideologies of Classicism and Neoclassicisms, namely calm, order, harmony, idealization, rationality and balance. Some characteristics of Romanticism include: emotion over reason, senses over intellect, love for nature, use of the hero and the exceptional figure in general, emphasis of imagination being the gateway to spiritual truth, and an interest in folk culture. Romanticism was preceded by related developments in the med-18th century referred to as “Pre-Romanticism”.
Romanticism in Music Romantic: of, characterized by, or suggestive of an idealised, sentimental, or fantastic view of reality… concerned more with feeling and emotion than with form and aesthetic qualities. The Concise Oxford Dictionary, Eighth edition, 1991. The term romantic first appeared at sometime during the latter half of the 18th Century, meaning in quite literal English, "romance-like", usually referring to the character of mythical medieval romances. The first significant jump was in literature, where writing became far more reliant on imagination and the freedom of thought and expression, in around 1750. Subsequent movements then began to follow in Music and Art, where the same kind of imagination and expression began to appear.
Romanticism Definition and Origin Romanticism is a highly influential artistic and literary movement of the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe, in revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of The Age of Enlightenment and the scientific rationalisation of nature. Romanticism had its origin in the late 1700s in Europe, particularly in France, Germany and England. It is difficult to trace the exact beginnings of Romanticism, but it was during the mid 18th century that there began a change in the way people saw tradition. There was a surge of interest in folklore, and the belief in the story telling ability of the common, uneducated man was formed. The folk tradition focused on simplistic and natural aspects of life, with the stories being passed down to generations orally.