The Romantic Era

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The term Romantic is “Term applied to music of the 19th century. Romantic music had looser and more extended forms, greater experimentation with harmony and texture, richly expressive and memorable melodies, improved musical instruments, an interest in musical nationalism, and a view of music as a moral force, in which there was a link between the artist’ inner lives and the world around them” (Burkholder, p. A16). With Romanticism, composers looked for ways to express intense emotions through their music. At this time, many people were proud of their countries and wanted to reflect their country in their music and art.
During this time, there was war and the inflation caused the aristocracy to decrease and the middle class to increase. Because of this, there was less patronage and musicians were now making money from performances or teaching music. Composers began to specialize in one medium. Most of the music during this time was for home or public performance and more people started to play piano. The music publishing grew since there was a higher demand for amateur music. A new musical idiom came about when composers wanted to make music appealing to amateur performers. The new compositions used new elements such as tuneful melodies with appealing accompaniment, little counterpoint, strong musical imagery, national or exotic associations, familiar chords and progressions interspersed with dramatic or colorful harmonic contrast, predictable four-bar phrasings, simple songlike forms, rhythms that were relatively uniform and evocative titles among other things (Burkholder, p. 602).
The early Romantic style had innovations in harmony including a greater use of non-harmonic tones, unexpected progressions, chromatic chord...

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...n shaping the music and a lot of the music expressed emotions in many different and new ways. Their music had experiments with harmonies and textures, more forms, and new treatments of melodies. There were many new compositions that were aimed towards amateurs. There were also a lot of new genres that came about during this time. Because a lot of the composers during this time were so great, they influenced composers in the twentieth century and so on.

Works Cited

Arnold, Denis, ed. The New Oxford Companion to Music. Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1983.
Arnold, Denis. ed. The New Oxford Companion to Music. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1983.
Burkholder, J. P., Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca. A History of Western Music. Eight ed. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2010. Print.
Tovey, Donald F. The Forms of Music. New York: Meridian, 1959. Print.
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