After suppressing the uprising, Lee was called to Washington is 1861. The succession movement had begun. Some southern states had left, but Lee's own Virginia was still uncertain. As much as Lee had supported the Union, he couldn't bear the sight of union soldiers invading and destroying his hometown. Lee had thought over this matter for days, and finally decided to resign from the union forces and offer his help to the confederacy.
Both sides wanted Kentucky but recognized that the first to cross its borders risked losing popular support. Confederate Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow rashly seized Columbus, Kentucky, on the Mississippi River bluffs, a move that appalled President Jefferson Davis, who first ordered Pillow to withdraw, then allowed him to stay when he realized that the deed could not be reversed. Grant, commanding at Cairo, Illinois, then occupied Paducah at the mouth of the Tennessee and Smithland at the mouth of the Cumberland, strategic points neglected by General Gideon Pillow. In November Grant tested Confederate strength at Columbus by landing troops across the Mississippi River at Belmont, Missouri. The drawn battle that followed sent him back to Cairo still eager to advance, but not necessarily along the Mississippi River.
This was the spark that ignited the hatred between Johnston and CSA president Jefferson Davis (History). Johnston felt that his low rank in the army was a personal insult from Jefferson Davis.... ... middle of paper ... ... Tennessee in 1865, but only for a short time. Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard attempted to surprise Union forces at the Battle of Bentonville in March 1865. For awhile the battle was close and Johnston was making good progress through Union lines, but eventually Union reinforcements arrived out numbering Confederate forces three to one.
The South were not allowed to vote in this election, due to Lincoln's uneasiness. Slavery was abolished, but reconstruction of the United State was truly difficult. His policy of forgiving the South quickly contradicted with the Republicans who wanted complete loyalty from the South. He didn’t long enough to see things between them get fired up because of his assassination by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre, Washington D.C. The legacy of what Lincoln has done for the United state will forever be remembered.
Like his father, Robert E. Lee also took the military route when he enrolled in the Military Academy at West Point where he rapidly grew in ranks and graduated second in his class of 1829 (“American Experience”). After graduating from West Point Lee took the job as an officer in the corps of Engineers, where he supervised and inspected the nation’s coastal defenses. Lee did this for 17 years without having any experience on the field of war. All of this would change very soon for Lee when he would finally set foot on the battle field in Mexico in 1846. Lee r... ... middle of paper ... ...uch to defeat.
These men, with Johnson's support, attempted ... ... middle of paper ... ...d or were members of the organization. By the 1870’s many of the state governments that had been set up by Republicans using the loose coalition of black southerners, carpet baggers, and scalawags had been reverted back and put in the hands of white supremacists and the old elite, seeking revenge. This came in the form of segregation, the denial of land and jobs to blacks, as well as poll taxes and literacy tests to prevent blacks from voting. In the end, Reconstruction held such promise for a truly equal south, but the actions taken by President Johnson and the eventual lack of northern support left the fledgling Reconstruction governments to fend for themselves in a sea of hostile extremists and angered southerners. This failure is the direct cause of the race issues such as segregation and profiling, which still arise even today in the 21st century.
While Lincoln was trying to maintain the Union the start of the Civil War caused four more states (Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee) to leave the Union. In order to keep the remaining states loyal to the Union, Lincoln assured them that the war was not about slavery or black rights but to maintain the Union. Although Lincoln had insisted that the purpose of the Civil War was to save the Union, since the South was using their slaves to aid in the war, he was considering freeing them as a necessary step toward winning the war. In July of 1862 Lincoln presented his first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to members of his cabinet. It warned the Confederate states to surrender by January 1, 1863 or their slaves would be freed.
By Inauguration Day seven states had seceded, and four more seceded after he issued a summons to the militia. It is generally agreed that Lincoln handled the vast problems of the Civil War with skill and vigor. Besides conducting the war, he faced opposition in the North from radical abolitionists, who considered him too mild, and from conservatives, who were gloomy over the prospects of success in the war. His cabinet was rent by internal hatred, and the progress of the war went against the North at first. In 1863 he moved to free the slaves by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, but preserving the Union remained his main war aim.
As president of the military in the Civil War, Lincoln was agonized over the backing of the borderline slave states and the Northern Democrats. This Confederacy would have possibly won the war against the Union if the Republicans had tried to abolish slavery as early as
Secession was their last choice in order to maintain their power and lifestyle. The Civil War led to the Emancipation Proclamation and abolishment of slavery, but this ... ... middle of paper ... ...he power to infringe upon the South’s state issues. The overwhelming power of the central government can be directly related to the reason for the secession of the South from the Union as well as the Thirteen Colonies separating from Britain in the American Revolution (Doc. H). Despite all the efforts to help the freedmen in the United States, even after Reconstruction, freedmen ended up being inferior to white men in the South.