Rido in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)

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The current violent conflicts in Mindanao in the southern Philippines can be broadly categorised into three interrelated types: those that are related to secessionist movement, those that are related to inter clan or intra clan, and those that are criminal in nature such as kidnapping, murder or homicide, robbery and other petty crimes. The same with other violent conflicts anywhere, these violent conflicts are not spontaneous but are products of structural and cultural violence that have accumulated over the years. Among the cited broad categories of conflicts, clan feuds have been viewed as worse threat to social, economic and human development than the secessionist war in Mindanao. The Asia Foundation claims that a Social Weather Station survey in 2005 indicates that the people of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao are more concerned about clan feuds than the war between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the government (Torres III, 2007). There is cogent reason to believe such fear because while the war on secession has been on a general ceasefire except in the later part of 2008, cases of clan feuds and resultant casualties and displaced families have continued to rise. Generally, there are three means being used to settle clan conflicts: the Muslim customary law, the Philippine laws including the Sharia’h, or the combination of these laws. However, a 2007 study of clan feuds by The Asian Foundation shows that 64% of the 1,266 recorded cases from 1930 to 2005 remain unresolved while 637 cases occurred from 2000–4 (Torres III, 2007). These figures show that despite efforts of different organisations, both government and non-government, as well as influential individuals to solve the problem of clan feuds, the prob... ... middle of paper ... ...tion: Theoretical and Practical Issues’, Christie, D.J. Wagner, R.V. & Winter, D.D., eds., Peace, Conflict and Violence, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2001. Soest, Dorothy Van, The Global Crisis of Violence: Common Problems, Universal Causes, Shared Solutions, NASW Press, Washington, 1997. Solidarity Philippines Australia Network, ‘The Party List System in the Philippines’, KASAMA Vol. 17 No. 3 / July–August–September 2003 cpcabrisbane.org/Kasama/2003/V17n3/PartyList.htm, viewed 02 June 2010. Svenja Schmelcher, ‘Rido and Its Influence on the Academe, NGOs and the Military’, posted 28 February 2007, http://www.balaymindanaw.org/bmfi/essays/2007/02rido.html, viewed 13 May 2010. Torres III, Wilfredo Magno, Rido: Clan Feuding and Conflict Management in Mindanao, The Asia Foundation, 23 October 2007, http://asiafoundation.org/publications/pdf/183, viewed 13 May 2010.

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