Because wolves regulate the carrying capacity, preserve the health of herds, and complete the ecological cycle in a balanced system, they must be restored to Yellowstone. To understand why wolves should inhabit the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), we must first look to history. As Douglas Smith et al say, “The history of wolves in North America and the west is straightforward: we killed them” (108). This statement may sound simplified, but actual wolf extermination was thoughtless and thorough. Many wolves were removed from regions where they weren’t even threats to humans or livestock (Klinghammer 446) because wolves, like grizzlies, were perceived as competitors for land and food.
Since wolves were reintroduced into the Idaho wilderness in 1995, they have been surrounded by controversy. Animal rights groups lauded the reintroduction; but farmers, ranchers and hunters were far from keen on the idea, and the hatred of the wolves has steadily risen among these groups. Part of the problem with the wolves now found in the Idaho wilderness is the fact that they are not native to Idaho, as the indigenous populations had all been nearly wiped out. These wolves are from Canada, and are much larger and stronger than those native to the state. Not only that, but the ... ... middle of paper ... ...tivists are hoping for, especially when these threats are aimed at families and children.
Now 116 wolves now live and more then 75 pups. The controversy surrounding the reintroduction of the wolves are many from both sides. Some local farmers are against it because some wolves hunt their animals. However, if the farmers can prove their animal was attacked by a wolf, then the government would reimburse them for the animals value. Another problem is that some taxpayers are against the reintroduction because it cost them money to get the wolves back into the park.
As of 1995, wolves have been reintroduced into the park. This has come with some strong opposition and yet has prevailed. The future of the wolf in Yellowstone park is now looking bright, although not certain since there still are those who want them banished again. History Many hundreds of years ago wolves roamed the entire North American continent with no barriers and very few predators. As settlers moved into the United States, wolves became more and more scarce in the wild of America.
The latter group wishes to enable the coyote and, perhaps other predators, to survive in the open range, as they have for millions of years. Species that kill farm animals include others: mountain lions, bears, bobcats, and red wolves as well as coyotes. This paper on aversive conditioning mainly addresses whether behavior of coyotes can be altered without affecting their survival in the wild. The question Mssrs. Gustavson and Garcia attempt to address is whether coyotes can be conditioned to kill animals such as mice, rabbits, gophers, and squirrels- species of no economic value in the western United States- while leaving sheep alone.
Most of the extermination was because ranchers and farmers lost a good deal of livestock to wolves. Wolves were selected for extermination by the US government untill1976 when the government declared the Mexican gray wolf endangered in the lower 48 states. The trapping and killing of wolves was done by private trappers, hunters, or ranchers. After wolves were declared endangered, several private enterprises sought to give the wolf a chance to come back from almost extinction. One of these groups, P.A.W.S., petitioned, debated, and fought for the reestablishment of the wolf into the southwest and other areas of the country where they once roamed freely.
Wolves cause a major threat to families, their livestock, wild game animals and to bear hunters’ dogs living in rural areas. Wolves are a growing threat and they should be legally regulated by the process of hunting and trapping so they are kept down to a healthy number. Human kind began hunting wolves at least 13,000 years ago when the wolf became a threat to their livestock. Over the past hundred years wolves were hunted for their pelts and also so that farmers could keep their livestock safe. What most extremist wolf supporters don’t know is that wolves were not an extinct species.
Advocates of hunting claim that hunting is an important component of managing wildlife populations. However, hunting opponents argue that more hunting regulations are needed to prevent animals from being hunted into extinction. Recently, the most controversial issues with hunting that have come up include: the wolf populations in the northern states, hunting in wildlife refuges, and hunting animals into extinction. Hunting should definitely not be banned or controlled because of the controversy in these areas. Since the early 2000’s, the wolf population in the northern states has become one great debate.
1914 began the official war of the wolves. This year Congress officially approves funds for the eradication of wolves, cougars, and other destructive animals. Wolves were declared destructive to agricultural and big game interests and formally hunted. Nearly a century later, in 1995, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park and Idaho's Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness(Phillips, 1996, p.20). The reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park did not end the debate of whether wolves should stay or go.
The idea only gained wider publicity after the reintroduction of the grey wolf to Yellowstone National Park in the USA in 1995 and since then has been debated and even nearly happened. The reintroduction of the wolf and also eventually bears and lynx would be greatly beneficial to the biodiversity and tourism of Scotland. All that needs to be done is to educate people and get rid of the ‘big, bad wolf’ persona. The post ice-age Scottish environment evolved with large predators that kept the biodiversity in balance. The wolves, bears and lynx lived alongside herbivores such as deer, horses, cattle, wild boar and elk.