Reintroducing Wolves to Yellowstone and Idaho

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1914 began the official war of the wolves. This year Congress officially approves funds for the eradication of wolves, cougars, and other destructive animals. Wolves were declared destructive to agricultural and big game interests and formally hunted. Nearly a century later, in 1995, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park and Idaho's Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness(Phillips, 1996, p.20). The reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park did not end the debate of whether wolves should stay or go. Advocates for wolf reintroduction say the wolves control elk and deer population numbers; preventing the destruction of ranchers cattle and the land. Opponents say the wolves kill elk and deer that could be hunted. Ranchers fear the wolves will kill their livestock decreasing profits. Wolves are a natural mean of controlling the number of deer, elk, and other large game in an environment. The larger populations of herbivores are a problem for farmers and ranchers. The herd's winter grounds could be the same ranchers use for their cattle. In 1983 the case of Allen Nelson, a rancher in Montana, came to the attention of the Forest Service. Nelson owned land about twenty miles north of Yellowstone National Park. During the winter, elk would eat the grass on his land that he needed to feed his cattle. After Nelson's efforts to persuade the National Park Service elk were migrating form Yellowstone National Park failed he turned to the Forest Service. The Forest Service owned land next Nelson and did not want the degradation of the grass in the forest. Partnering with the State of Montana, Nelson and the Forest Service placed radio collars on a dozen elk. After tracking the elk through the next ... ... middle of paper ... ...article_58d202de-1fc8-5ffc-89c3-f39e8e2c6975.html Chase, A. (1987). Playing God in Yellowstone. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. Orlando,FL. Idaho Fish and Game. (2011). Idaho Wolf Management Update. Accessed November 22, 2013 from http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/public/docs/wolves/reportMonthlyJuly11.pdf Idaho Fish and Game News. (2013). Revising the way Idaho's elk are managed. Accessed November 22, 2013 from http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/public/docs/fgNews/2013jul.pdf Leopold, A. (1949)America's Wild Read. Oxford University Press. New York, NY. Phillips, M.K., Douglas S.W. (1996). The Wolves of Yellowstone. Voyaguer Press.Stillwater, Mn. White, C. (2010). What's all the howling about? Managing wolves and elk in Idaho. Fair Chase Winter. Accessed November 22, 2013 from http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/public/docs/wolves/articleHowling.pdf

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