American cities in the 1900’s were the prime place to be. Cities were clean, industries were booming and education was a priority. “The city, not the farm, had become the locus of national experience” (Chudacoff and Smith 255). Everyone wanted to live their dreams in the city until they shortly realized the cities became overpopulated, hectic, and stressful. Streets became filled with garbage from people littering, traffic is always a problem, and there is no where to relax and enjoy yourself without the stress of work. The suburbs became the place of relaxation. Where people who had jobs in the city took a vacation to their house in the suburbs. To bring American cities back to life, people should focus on the way suburbs construct their ways
Now, a normal sized town contains fast-food joints, supermarkets, malls, and superstores, but a small town lacks that appeal. The small-town could be the most beautiful landscape known to man, but lack the necessary luxuries in life that a typical American would benefit from. Carr and Kefalas make this statement that emphasizes the town’s lack of appeal, “Indeed the most conspicuous aspects of the towns landscape may be the very things that are missing; malls, subdivisions, traffic and young people” (26). The authors clearly state that they realize that towns, such as the Heartland, are hurting because of the towns’ lack of modernization. For all intents and purposes, the town’s lack of being visually pleasing is driving away probable citizens, not only the native youth, and possible future employee’s away from a possible internship with the town. The citizens with a practice or business hurt from the towns inability to grow up and change along with the rest of the world, yet the town doesn’t realize what bringing in other businesses could potentially do for their small town. Creating more businesses such as malls, superstores and supermarkets would not only drive business up the roof, but it’ll also bring in revenue and draw the
Understanding communities and neighborhoods is not always an easy thing to do. Between the different types of power found in neighborhoods, the types of neighborhoods out there, the changes in neighborhoods there is a lot to look at when viewing a community or neighborhood. Hopefully this paper was useful in identifying some of those neighborhood aspects.
...s are still being strongly felt today. Cleveland’s high population density that once made it one of the largest cities in the U.S. has significantly decreased over the years: It now has 396, 815 inhabitants according to the 2010 census. Yet the greater Cleveland metropolitan area seems to be doing quite well at over 2 million people. Doing better yet is the Cleveland-Akron-Canton combined statistical area (CSA) at just under 3.5 million residents, making it the 15th largest CSA in the country. The reason for this is suburbanization and the wealth it took with it. As a majority of the east side has already been developed and contains very wealthy suburbs with ‘older money’, the west side, which was once rural farmland, has seen an increase in the building of housing developments over the years and the settling of ‘new money’ families as suburban expansion continued.
Robert D. Putnam’s New York Times article “Crumbling American Dreams,” helps the reader understand the economy from a cultural perspective.“ In the last two decades, just as the traditional economy of Port Clinton was collapsing, wealthy professionals from major cities in the Midwest have flocked to Port Clinton…As the once thriving middle class disappeared, adjacent real estate listings in the Port Clinton News Herald advertised near-million-dollar mansions and dilapidated double-wides” (Putnam 2013 ). An example of Putnam’s argument is gentrification in the Southeast quadrant of Washington, DC. Michael Neibauer writes an article in the Washington Business Journal to explain this phenomenon. “There was a 275 percent surge in condominium construction in the 18 listed neighborhoods, a 100 percent increase in the number of large commercial office properties, and a $76.6 million boost to the District’s tax collections” (Neibauer 2013). To help oneself better understand gentrification, one must be able to understand both its negative and positive attributes. While it may make a certain area desirable to live in and create service jobs, it also displaces people, specifically people who are non-white. Gentrification also hurts the po...
The modern story of developed areas is a move from the inner city to the suburbs. This decentralization of metropolitan areas has left urban areas neglected. Such a transformation has had negative consequences, because it has inherently meant the abandonment of those left behind in urban centers. Furthermore, the issue is complicated by the fact that the distinction between those moving to the suburbs and those left behind has been defined largely by race. As Kain notes,
Most Americans live in the 324 metropolitan areas of the United States. Even for the 50% of the population who live in the suburbs, problems of the central cities are increasingly common, and some pockets of urban decay have moved outward (Leviton, L. C., Snell, E., & McGinnis, M., 2000 p. 363).
In his book, Independent Cities, Robert J. Waste describes the major problems that cities are facing and how these are exacerbated by the lack of voice that American city’s have on the political stage. He states that cities have lack of representation in congress and the presidency, which often prevents their issues from receiving national attention. Waste describes failed federal policies that have attempted more top-down approaches and he also comments on state policy methods and their more successful bottom-up focus. In order to successfully eradicate the permanent crises that are tormenting entire regions, national, state and local level governments in conjunction with the citizenry need to work together to fuel a cultural transformation where urban issues are confronted rather than disregarded.
Urban Sprawl is a certain type of area that will spring up to rural or underdeveloped areas, and can be defined by 3 different types that fall under Urban Sprawl, Leapfrog development, Ribbon development, and Low-density development. All three of these types of Urban Sprawl are associated to one another as they represent a more compact style of living for communities, and have had several and various effects on the American lifestyle. Urban Sprawl has gotten a bad reputation as it has “become he catch phrase for everything that is bad about Urban Growth today.” (Peisner, 2001) But it can be managed effectively it is understood how Urban Sprawl interacts with the evolution of the Urban setting, and how certain laws and opportunities that arise can contribute to the spread of Urban Sprawl across the American landscape.
Kotkin concludes that the diverse minority groups will move to the suburbs although the majority of American citizens live in cities. Cities are shaped by the economy and society that create them. Suburbia is currently the predominant form of American life whose focal point in the development of innovations. To accommodate the next one hundred million will require a change in the environment, technologies and infrastructure. Technology used to be a compliment but now it is a substitute. Kotkin wants to urbanize the underutilization of America’s untapped assets such as low housing cost, quality of schools, a good business climate, and a productive workforce. It is true that economic, technology, and social trends improve productivity and increased wealth but today...
Another example of a region being affected by the shortage of housing and the excess of people losing their homes is New York City. In the article “Developers Need Community Support, Communities Need Affordable Housing,” it discusses the city’s residents versus the developers. There are numerous issues that are stalling the process of growth, namely the “neighborhood opposition.” However, this opposition in my mind is not a good cause. As, “the effects of new luxury development in their neighborhoo...
New Urbanism was a movement to revitalize communities and bring back the vitality within them that was slowly dying. Having seen a boom earlier in the century in suburbs and the want for American families to live in uncongested neighborhoods had the opposite effect: those fleeting to the suburbs caused for congestion in not only suburbs but there was also some forms of congestion in urban areas as well due to the newly epitomized automobile. New Urbanists saw an opportunity to rethink the ideals of urban planning and established a school of thought that focused on the pedestrian within a community, providing them with diverse commercial and economic options throughout the community within walking distance as well as maintaining civic engagement and social and economic diversity.
Of the many problems affecting urban communities, both locally and abroad, there is one issue in particular, that has been victimizing the impoverished within urban communities for nearly a century; that would be the problem of gentrification. Gentrification is a word used to describe the process by which urban communities are coerced into adopting improvements respective to housing, businesses, and general presentation. Usually hidden behind less abrasive, or less stigmatized terms such as; “urban renewal” or “community revitalization” what the process of gentrification attempts to do, is remove all undesirable elements from a particular community or neighborhood, in favor of commercial and residential enhancements designed to improve both the function and aesthetic appeal of that particular community. The purpose of this paper is to make the reader aware about the significance of process of gentrification and its underlying impact over the community and the community participation.
Gentrification is described as the renovation of certain neighborhoods in order to accommodate to young workers and the middle-class. For an area to be considered gentrified, a neighborhood must meet a certain median home value and hold a percentage of adults earning Bachelor’s degree. Philadelphia’s gentrification rate is among the top in the nation; different neighborhoods have pushed for gentrification and have seen immense changes as a result. However, deciding on whether or not gentrification is a beneficial process can become complicated. Various groups of people believe that cities should implementing policy on advancing gentrification, and others believe that this process shouldn’t executed. Both sides are impacted by the decision to progress gentrification; it is unclear of the true implications of completely renovating impoverished urban areas; gentrification surely doesn’t solve all of a community’s issues. I personally believe that gentrification is not necessarily a good or bad process; gentrification should occur as a natural progression of innovative economies and novel lifestyles collide within certain areas. Policy involving gentrification should not support the removal of people out of their neighborhood for the sake of advancement.