(n.d.). The battle of iwo jima. Retrieved from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_iwo_jima.htm Miller, Kimberly, J. (n.d.). Battle for iwo jima: Wwii fact sheet.
At 4:30 in the morning on June 4, 1942, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Midway in an attempt to destroy their aircraft carriers that escaped Pearl Harbor. During this battle many damages were sustained, especially for Japan. After the Americans emerged victorious, the whole course of the war was changed. The Battle of Midway was the major turning point in the Pacific War during World War II because it stopped Japanese advancement into the Pacific Ocean and put Japan's navy on the defensive. Before the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the U.S. declaring war on the Japanese, Japan had naval control throughout most of the Pacific Ocean, along with other aspects of war.
Japan was attacking America’s ships and planes. Japan went home with the victory, but the next day America declared war on Japan. The Coral Sea battle lasted from May 4 –May 8 1942. This battle was fought by America and Australia vs Japan. Japan wanted to invade New Guinea and the Solomon Islands for their oil and land.
The Battle of Coral Sea was the battle before the Battle of Midway. At Coral Sea, Japan didn’t finish its goal of the mission, which was to invade Port Moresby in New Guinea in order for its planes to dominate the skies over northern Australia. Even though the mission failed the naval power was still with the Japanese. (Cragg) (Lambert) (Hone) Japan’s goal during the Battle of Midway was to destroy the American aircraft carriers and take over the islands of midway, which would then led to their capture of Pearl Harbor. Confident in their advantage in numbers, Japan wanted to finish off the American fleet at Midway (Lambert).
Madden-Fong 9 The battle of Iwo Jima was amongst the bloodiest battles in WWII. The battle raged on for over a month and cost both sides heavy casualties. However prize for the winning side was great as the island of Iwo Jima was a significant advantage for the war effort of the Americans and their allies.
April 1945, signaled an end to a lasting Battle and continued a new beginning for the invasion of Japan’s homeland. This battle was the Battle of Okinawa or known as the Typhoon of Steel (Battle of Okinawa). The main cause of this tragic battle was the U.S military being able to use Okinawa as a base to reach or invade Japan (Wukovits). Therefore, bombs were fired towards Japans homeland. In early June half of a million men, soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen were sent to surround thirty miles of the ocean.
This assault would last for three years without anyone getting involved because tensions were growing futile in the European theatre. By spring 1940 tension between the United States and Japan were building in the Pacific region. President Roosevelt, as a show of force, transferred the United States Naval fleet to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This move would give Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet, the ammunition he needed to urge his government that Japan needed to expand its naval air power. In July 1940, President Roosevelt had placed a limitation on the sale of scrap iron and steel and completely admonished the sale of aviation fuel to Japan.
The Japanese commander in charge of the Navy, Admiral Yamamoto, was looking for an opportunity to pull the US Navy into a battle in which he could decisively engage and destroy its carriers. He decided that the best target available would be Midway. However, as a distraction, in June of 1942, Yamamoto opened up a second front by attacking the Aleutian Islands. Unbeknownst to Admiral Yamamoto, US code breakers had deciphered the Japanese radio transmissions and the Americans knew exactly what he was doing. With this knowledge, Admiral Nimitz, commander of the US Naval forces in the Pacific, decided to send a contingent of 21 ships to Alaska and retained the rest of his fleet in the defense of Midway.
Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Inc.http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE53&iPin=EWAR1736&SingleRecord=True (accessed April 6, 2014). World War II. DaVinci Charter Academy, n.d.