However, African Americans were not the only marginalized community affected. Many races including Native American, Hispanic and Asian societies each had a fair share of struggles when challenging the structures of domination that the U.S. had implemented for so long. In this paper I will argue that white Americans were protected through both science and law as they victimized inferior races through cruelty and the prohibition of resources valuable to the future of their race. In the early 20th century social-reform policies across the world were formulated around the exclusion of unwanted populations also known as eugenics. “Eugenics justified social policies by encouraging the reproduction of ‘fit’ individuals while denying any reproduction to ‘unfit’ individuals” .
Unconscious racism is when the offender disadvantages another based on race without being out right racist to the person. From not giving a job to a person based on the color of their skin to calling out the president for not being born in the country, racism effects people at all status levels. Starting when the first settlers arrived to internment camps to modern day unconscious racism, racism has token many forms and changes according to the time. The key factors that help unconscious racism thrive in our society are the changes to the policy that determine what is a racist act, the formations of stereotype through the concentration of ethnic groups population, and the negative effects of Affirmative action all played a part. For many years blacks and other minority groups have been suffering sentencing disparity in courts throughout the country.
The parallels between these two systems of human categorization and fundamental separation are startling; legally binding systems of racism developed into massive bodies of conflict and hate that stood firm until the 1960s. While South African apartheid was formally established as the law of the land in 1948, the same year saw the Civil Rights movement in the United States poised to grip the nation. At this point in time, the psychological effects of racism had turned into an enabling anger and resistance; people gradually were banding together to forcibly demand a new way of life. Segregating non-whites from whites, and offering whites better economic opportunity and improved education, effectively created societies of intense disparity along racial lines.
Construction is a politically bias process and in the social make up of the society, the census ends up demarcating categories... ... middle of paper ... ...nd racial discourses. But at present attempts are being made for the census to resist the assimilative stance and asserting the politics of difference of all forms of nuances. Conclusion Census racial categorization is scientifically baseless; an infringement of human rights and Shade of Citizenship can be thus read as a manifesto for the colorblind theory. First time in US history, individuals are able to identity themselves as belonging to more than one race. The ‘Duel Citizenship’ is catering for the growing multiracial proportion of the population.
Various cultures have come together and creating the diversity in this country. Adversity can be defined as the condition or instance of differing elements or qualities. (Merriam-Webster Dictonary, 2013) Diversity includes the quality; it has brought America to where it is today. History of inequality and racial injustice in our society can still be seen. Great illustrations of this is war, which bought for freedom of slavery, the civil rights movement, which will plot the equality for all races, and more current gay-rights movement, that fights for equality rights regardless of your sexual orientation.
In order to answer those complex questions, I plan to examine the conditions of America's history from colonialism to present day society. It was these conditions of America's past that promoted the development of racist practices and ideas that continue to be embraced by many to this day. The idea of superiority and inferiority of entire groups were largely the result of the encounters between the Europeans and the indigenous native peoples of the Americas. Christopher Columbus was one of the first individuals who played a chief role in the birth of both racism and slavery. Upon the so-called "discovery" of America, European self-consciousness rose to the point that Europeans began to notice the similarities between each other.
From the beginning of American history, the superiority of one race such as the whites how found many different ways to degrade other ethnic groups such as the blacks, Latin Americans, Asians and other minority groups. In order to strive to become a world power America seized the opportunity to racialize immigrants and foreign people in order to make themselves superior than the other races. It was important for America to demonize other foreigners in order to remain on top of the hierarchical standing. This hierarchical system allows America has control over foreign groups of people so it can maintain consistent domination amongst those people. Americans were instilled with fear of Anglo-Saxon anxiety that would change the “American culture” and believed that other cultures were not best suited for America.
Race is a social construct that has influence all aspects of the American world view and life. The idea of race was constructed in America to justify slavery of Africans, stealing from and killing Native Americans, and prejudice against immigrants. Boas was took a stand on this subject that was not in line with mainstream perceptions on the subject. Another differing view was Du Bois who had some similarities in view and differences from Boas. Even with their legacies showing that race is not a biological reality, the power and impact of race can still be felt today, even though it is seen as a social construct by anthropologists.
With genocide, “Non-Native peoples th... ... middle of paper ... ... was imposed on the Indians. Finally, Edward Countryman foregrounds the significance of the American Revolution and its impact on the making of the U.S. as a nation. Racial formation can be defined as “the sociohistorical process by which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed” (Omi and Winant 55). Both Indians and African Americans were subject to this categorization of race. From Andrea Smith’s racial hierarchy system to Edward Countryman’s examination of projects of colonialism and slavery, the oppression of races, which connects both racialization and colonization, can be seen as the ideal in which the nation is built upon.
Another Supreme Court case that helps estab... ... middle of paper ... ...ir social exploitation beliefs and even mentions a revolution. All this built up frustration in the black community assisted in such radical movements to improve race relations. Another connection as explained by James Connolly, is the rise of ethnicity in politics as a way to reach out and satisfy the “people”. This kind of innovation would never have passed earlier in history. The connection of race and race relations in the United States was an ongoing issue, and while much progress was made, there are still people who revert back to old and ignorant takes on different races as the white man.