Racial Stigmas: Who is to Blame ?

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Race should never be a determining factor to how an individual is judged, however, society has overtime created racial stigmas that cause individuals to view one other in negative ways. The U.S. Census Bureau of 1987 defines race by separating them into many different categories. It describes White as a person having origins in any of the original people of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa, Black or African American as a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa, and American Indian or Alaska Native as a person having origins in any of the original people of North and South America. It also describes Asian as a person having origins in any of the original people of the Far East, Southeast Asia, and Pacific Islander as a person having origins in any of the original people of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. Many would say that racial discrimination, defined by the 2013 End Racial Profiling Act (ERPA), is…[judgment] that " relies on any degree of race, ethnicity, religion, or natural origin in [which] selected individuals [are treated differently and] subjected to routine or spontaneous investigation activities…"(Qtd. In Kleiner 111). The initial use of race in the judgment of an individual conspired from the need of protection after countless crimes were committed consistently by "specific" races; police Departments then instituted many security measures that aided them in identifying these suspects before and when they commit these crimes. Although many argue that racial profiling is an essential part of finding suspects, racial profiling used as a means of security can lead to racial discrimination, which is a direct violation of an individual's psychological security, which should b... ... middle of paper ... ...Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets." National Center for Biotechnology Information.(2008; 181-189.) U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. "Race." About. The US Census Bureau, 2012. The U.S. Census Bureau, Web. 27 Mar. 2014 Rudovsky, David. "Litigating Civil Rights Cases To Reform Racially Biased Criminal Justice Practices." Columbia Human Rights Law Review 39.1 (2007): 97-123. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 29 Mar. 2014 Tamir, Michal. "Racial Profiling: Who Is The Executioner And Does He Have A Face?" Texas Hispanic Journal Of Law & Policy 15.1 (2009): 71-92. Legal Collection. Web. 19 Mar. 2014 "Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964." The United States Department of Justice. The United States Department of Justice, 31 Oct. 2013. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. "What Is Psychological Security." - Ask.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2014.

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