Then, they moved into the frustrating environment of overpopulated city slums where they were not wanted. Also, the media instigated violent behavior on both sides; black and white. Lastly the law was discriminatory and left many Blacks to settle their own disputes. The North and South were left in a state of mayhem.... ... middle of paper ... ...iminal justice that replaced slaveholders' authority was probably the most important reason for the violence." (210) The courts were striving to keep blacks at a level similar to slave laws.
Repression, Isolation, Segregation and the Urban Ghetto African Americans have systematically been denied equal opportunities and this is particularly true within American inner cities. The social, cultural, and economic isolation of these urban ghettos has profound impacts and affects on its dwellers. This isolation and segregation has led to the evolution of profoundly divergent and dichotomous life chances for black and white Americans. The black urban poor are confronted with a lifestyle that promotes oppositional culture to the norms of society and challenged by an everyday exposure to violence, drugs, and crime. This paper attempts to explore the historical conditions that laid the foundation for the modern black urban ghetto.
Often, racist comments would be made, or an African American would fight against segregation or speak out and there would be a fight. Acts of violence became more and more common throughout the city and the juvenile courts were only one way to attempt to solve it. In Standing at Armageddon: A Grassroots History of the Progressive Era, it is said that the violence in Chicago was “the
The inner city has many complications the fact that most are African American is a mere coincidence. If we as a nation are capable of fixing all institutions and structural issues we could bring the slums out of poverty. The cycle of unemployment and poverty is a terrible cycle that cannot only be judged by race and cultural values. When reading this book keep in mind the difficulties, any family or person could go through these tribulations. There are many arguments and sides to each problem; this is another one of those.
Many southern blacks started to move into Chicago. Chicago started to become mostly dominated by blacks and other minorities while whites started to move into the suburbs of Chicago. "Beginning in the 1930s, with the city's black population increasing and whites fleeing to the suburbs, the black vote became a precious commodity to the white politicians seeking to maintain control" (Green, 117). Many of the mayors such as Edward J. Kelly, Martin H. Kennelly, and Richard J. Daley won over the blacks and got their votes for them to become mayor. The black population grew by 77 percent by the 1940.
African Americans migrated to escape racism and prejudice in the south, as well as to seek jobs in industrial cities and resulted in a major shift in where African Americans lived in the United States. Many blacks went north during the great migration due to the fact of believing that they would get better jobs and fair treatment in the north. The Chicago race riot caused by hatred for one another of members of different races in the same community. The black people had suffered the worst of the bloodshed, they had also been arrested by police twice the rate of whites. Many blacks viewed the migration as a well inspired deliverance from the land of suffering.
Many of the whites believed that it simply was in the nature of a black to affiliate in crime and unmoral behaviors. This created a social construction of blacks in which till this day continues to have a hold on many African American everyday lives, from complex areas such as the workplace to simple social situations such as social stereotypes. These social constructions set by society towards the blacks within this community, had taken a considerable impact on the fate of the Robert Taylor homes. When the Robert Taylor homes had first been built, they were constructed on the hope of mixing the black and white community. Chicago politicians allegedly viewed this as a stepping stone for the blacks towards racial equality.
This resulted from the animosity towards the growing black community of Chicago, which provided competition for housing and jobs. Mistrust between the police and black community in Chicago only lent violence as an answer to their problems, leading to a violent riot. James Baldwin, an essayist working for true civil rights for African-Americans, gives first-hand accounts of how black people were mistreated, and conveys how racial tensions built up antagonism in his essays “Notes of a Native Son,” and “Down at the Cross.” In the mid and la... ... middle of paper ... ...2004 http://www.uic.edu/orgs/kbc/ganghistory/Industrial%20Era/Riotbegins.html Givan, Becky. Chicago Race Riot of 1919. 29 Apr.
In an editorial published within the Chicago Defender, Another Angle of the Trouble, Abbot proposes an alternative causes behind the Red summers riots. Individual acts of violence may have been the ignition to racial tensions in America, but it was the primary cause that rallied entire communities into lawless mobs. The racial tensions present throughout America at the end of World War 1 were caused by the widespread belief in African American inferiority. These claims maintained a racial hierarchy, diminished the validity of law and order, and lost the support of otherwise loyal citizens. In an attempt to maintain control over African Americans southern whites embraced forms of domestic terrorism though lynching and other methods of mob violence in order to keep the issue of race continuously present in the public mind.
These groups made up the greater part of Chicago. The sudden increase in immigration to Chicago in the 1920s soon led to an even further distinguished separation of ethnicities in neighborhoods. The overall development of these neighborhoods deeply impacted how Chicago is sectioned off nowadays. Without these ethnicities immigrating to Chicago almost 100 years ago, Chicago neighborhoods would not be as culturally defined and shaped as they are today. Immigration to America from Europe was at an all time high in the mid-1800s.