Immigration transformed American society and culture. I showed the americans that diversity as well as unity are a symbol of national strength. .America was known as “ the land of economic opportunity.” Immigrants came to America from all over the world. Most immigrants in the late 1800s were from Germany, Ireland, and England. Although industrial jobs were the main pull factor for immigration, there were several
America was experimenting with industry on a huge scale at the time the Eastern European Jews that arrived. Their social history combined with the American Industrial Age produced an extremely diverse and distinct American Jewry by the end of the intercontinental migration, which coincided with the start of the Great World War (World War I). Almost two out of every three new immigrants called the big northeast municipalities (such as the Lower East Side of New York) their new home. They would take any job available to support the family, and they worked in many different jobs which were as physically demanding as they were diverse. The garment district in New York today was made from the meticulousness, the sweat, and the determination of the Jews.
Most of them faced a lot of difficulties and challenges when they first arrive here. However according to their racial or ethnic, some of them gain great opportunities, so they experience more social mobility and live in a better life. In the 19th century there is about 20 million European immigrants come to America. There are various reasons they come to here and these reasons can be separate into push and pull factors. The first push factor is the industrialization grows rapidly through Europe and it destroy the traditional economy
In fact, by the time of the American Revolution, nearly a quarter of a million Irishmen had immigrated to America. When industrialism took place during the nineteenth century, people abandoned farm work in search of work in the cities. Cities began to grow and finding ways to connect one city to the next became the priority. Irishmen were able to find sufficient work opportunities working in the city or along canals and railroads. Irish communities were starting to form across America, especially on the Easter Seaboard in New England, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York.
American Immigration During the early 1900’s a vast amount of people both immigrated and migrated to the United States in search of money, better jobs, new lives, etc. Yet, the people who immigrated and migrated to the United States were each a part of different cultures: from Italian to German, French to Jewish, Irish to African American (American Cities/New York/African American/Intergroup Relations/Color Lines). New York City was a prime location for the immigrants and migrants of the time to create their new lives. They joked that “The Jews own New York, the Irish run it and the Negroes enjoy it” (American Cities/New York/African American/Intergroup Relations/Color Lines). The single line clearly shows how each group, Jewish, Italian, and African American, had distinct experiences from one another.
Between the late 1870’s and the outbreak of World War I in 1914, American’s Industrial Revolution fueled the most rigorous period of immigration in American history. Many millions of people, mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe came to America. Most were poor, didn’t speak English and almost all were strangers to America to society and culture. These were the “New Immigrants”, and they swelled to existing American cities, while also forming new cities in the process. The forces of immigration and urbanization would combine with industrialization to transform a once rural and agrarian nation into its modern form.
Puerto Ricans had to live in torn up, raggedy buildings with racist Landlords that denied some Puerto Ricans from living in their buildings, so some Puerto Ricans had to keep their identity private in order to not risk being evicted. During this time, many Puerto Ricans decided to migrate over also because the US started to climb out of the great depression that it was in, with the help of the New Deal. Jobs started to arise again and it gave migrants the chance to find work and a chance to change their social status.
This time is known as a period of economic growth, expansion and creation of industries and demographic growth where new markets continuously opened. By 1860, 16%... ... middle of paper ... ...sis were the African Americans that were still in the South. This caused them to migrate to the North, which put an even bigger pressure on cities. In 1940, the Second World War burst out creating new opportunities for African Americans. Approximately 125 000 blacks served in the Army during World War II.
In 1893, the great Chicago World’s Fair took place. Just climbing to the second largest populated city in America, Chicago had a lot to prove. The World’s Fair was a perfect opportunity for Chicago to come together and show that they can compete with other large cities like New York and Philadelphia. For the World’s Fair to be as successful as it was, there was a need for leaders, innovators, new inventions, and tremendous attractions. Without these, the fair could not have been designed and constructed as well as it was.
Yet, the most important factors were technological innovation and entrepreneurial ability. As America pushed further into the latter half of the nineteenth century, the country, as well as her people began to change. According to the United States Census of 1870, the U.S. resident population was approximately 38 million and an estimated 80 percent of Americans lived on farms. In comparison to the U.S. Census of 1900 which showed the resident population over 76 million and the percentage of those residents living on farms to half the amount 1870 at 40 percent. This was due to the dramatic change in the immigrants to the United States post 1880.