The purpose of my paper is to examine race and find out the role it play in social inequality. In my paper, I will be talking about race as a social construct of reality as it pertains to the analysis of Omi and Winant interpretation of racial inequality in modern societies. The objective of my paper is to define race as a concept by looking at various racial groups in society and see how differently they are treated. This paper will be looking at how racial categories are assigned to an individual and investigate the reasons associated with racial identities. I will further argue how race is constructed in terms of slavery and the role colonialism play during this time. In the last part of my paper, I will be talking about how race is being
When someone takes the time to analyze the past and searches for answers as to why a culture is the way they are instead of blaming the individual themselves in give new light to the spectrum of how the individuals are viewed. However there will always be those who deny institutional racism and be stuck to the micro approach view of society. D) When Satzewich and Liodakis say race is an empty biological concept, one would say this means even though there are differences in ones physical or genetic makeup this does not mean there are racial differences. In the film “The Difference Between Us”, it tells us that genetically we are the most same species on the earth being 99% similar. Theres something that is called the haplotype project which are people holding on to the 0.1 % difference using this as the scientific excuse for racism. It also told us that face structure and eye size were determinants in racial superiority, biology became an excuse for social differences. E) In society there is undoubtedly
All the examples I have given may seem like this paper is about the wealthy and the poor, and not about racial differences in the United States. If it does there is a reason for that. The upper class or super rich, whichever you want to call them, receive more benefits than the poor. The upper class is mainly white and the poor and working class are a mixture of all races. This gives the appearance that assistance is based on race, when it's not. It is based on class. People see these events and make generalizations and this in turn leads to racial tension. If steps are taken to make "classless America" a reality, then these racial tensions would ease.
In America, essentially everyone is classified in terms of race in a way. We are all familiar with terms such as Caucasian, African-American, Asian, etc. Most Americans think of these terms as biological or natural classifications; meaning that all people of a certain race share similarities on their D.N.A. that are different and sets that particular race apart from all the other races. However, recent genetic studies show that there’s no scientific basis for the socially popular idea that race is a valid taxonomy of human biological difference. This means that humans are not divided into different groups through genetics or nature. Contrary to scientific studies, social beliefs are reflected through racial realism. Racial realists believe that being of a particular race does not only have phenotypical values (i.e. skin color, facial features, etc.), but also broadens its effects to moral, intellectual and spiritual characteristics.
According to Andersen and Howard Francis Taylor, race is a group treated as a distinct in society based on certain characteristics some of which are biological, that have been assigned social importance (2). In Social Construction of Race, race is not biologically but socially constructed. In Madison Grant’s The Passing of the Great Race, he writes about the Nordic superiority and he argues for a eugenic program. This book is considered a main book when dealing with scientific racism. In this book there are three groups of people: Mediterranean, Nordic and Alpine. The Mediterranean were the intellectuals, the Nordic were the rulers, and the Alpine were the peasants. The new movement, eugenics, was led by Sir Francis Galton. Eugenics means well-born, a pseudoscience that postulates that controlling the fertility of populations could influence inheritable traits passed on from generation to generation (1). In Dalton Conley’s book Being Black, Living in the Red: Race, Wealth, and Social Policy in America, he talks about the persistence of racial inequality or wealth inequality. The wealth are look at as the “nest egg.” What this means is the wealth and credit are passed down from one generation to the next. There are many events that fall in the social construction of race theory. The Irish became white in early
I have been mulling over this topic, it is just one of those awkward topics. This theory conceptualizes races, and separates white people from non-white people which seems to be counterintuitive. The assumption is that all white people are born into privilege and that is just not true. Don’t get me wrong, I do believe racism exists, assumptions get made, and it is a social issue, but it isn’t just white and non-whites.
While watching the videos on the incongruences, I could not help but be a little bit taken aback by the ongoing racial inequalities. Specifically, the ones that exist in our healthcare system. Living as a military wife for so many years I never realized that this was still such a problem. I knew of problems in the past, but I thought we had grown as a nation beyond that. Still, I don’t know what the answer might be, other than maybe ratcheting up the efforts in affirmative action? Not only did the disparity take race into account there was also the matter of economics. I thought it was very interesting that even if all of the variables were taken into account, the individual who is “richer” was better off as far as his life expectancy. The person who was less affluent was at greater risk to die much earlier. In fact the number one predictor of one’s life expectancy is their SES according to the video, “Not Just a Paycheck, Place Matters”. Becoming a person who will be better educated and being “white” gives me an advantage over other less educated persons to some degree. Not that I want my life to be cut short to level the playing field, but that others’ life expectancies to increase in order to meet mine. I believe that the evidence is clear and the debate is over, these disparities should be addressed and studies on how to change these should be done.
Racism is a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to rule others. This trend has been around for a long time, from slaves, to discrimination, etc. Although in many cases, people in the time period often tend to act like it does not exist. When looking back on certain situations and their aftermath people then realize the true nature of racism. In 1962, 85% of whites thought that black children in their community had just as good of a chance of getting a good education as white children. The constant trend for lack of knowledge about racism and/or discrimination is real. Now, whites, realize that in 1962 black children did not have as good of a chance, if any, of getting a good education in comparison to white children. In 1969 nearly half of all whites (45%) believed that blacks had a better chance of getting a good-paying job than they did. Once again history repeated itself, in that many whites now realize that blacks not only did not have a better chance of getting a good-paying job than they did, they had a worse chance. (Abagond)
During Dr. King speech, “I have a Dream” which he gave in front of Lincoln’s memorial because of what Lincoln did for all the black communities and society. Dr. King’s philosophy is making peace through non violence because violence brings more violence and chaos. He gave that speech because he wanted to state equality for all men no matter the skin color, ethnic background you come from, whether you are black or white. He believes that both the black and white people can live together in peace as one by arguing for the Negro’s freedom. The reason why he was mention about freedom and equality for all men is because he personally experiences firsthand what equality and freedom was like. It was when he went up to the North where there is no slavery. From that experience, he wanted to end racial inequality down in the South. Despite Dr. King’s achievement, there is still racial inequality in the U.S, especially with the racial profiling, Virginia voter ID, and employment status.
During the civil rights era the amount of racial inequalities that were present within society were immense. They ranged from the inability of African Americans to attend school with whites, use the same water fountains or even ride in the same section on buses just to name a few. Many influential figures such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks and Malcolm X fought to eliminate those inequalities. These influential figures had their own story line that stood out in our history and made them who they are in the Civil Rights Era. Even though, they were very influential they still couldn’t take on the task by themselves. They were the leaders of their individual movement.