Organic Chemistry Statement Of Inquiry: Scientists observe patterns and use them to construct systems that allow them to identify and relate the properties of molecules based on their functional group. Background to Polymers? These synthetic polymers can be produced in a wide variety, such as common plastics, nylons, or the surface of a non-stick frying pan. These man made polymers have a disadvantageous impact on the ecosystems. Polymers are often used in almost everything because of their physical properties like strong, resistant to corrosion, easy to shape, colour, and inexpensive. It is inexpensive for the users but leaves a huge scar to the environment that is very expensive to cover up. Petroleum is the main raw source of these polymers. …show more content…
What are the problems associated with synthetic polymers? The main problems associated with synthetic polymers are related to Environment, and these problems negatively affect the environment by pollution. The key idea of this problem is that these polymers do not breakdown therefore they harm the environment. They are also harmful for everybody’s health. Most polymers are non-biodegradable and this brings around the problem. Polyesterene, commonly known as Styrofoam. It is a non-biodegradable material. It takes centuries to decompose, and if it does it emits dangerous
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Synthetic plastics are used widely in food packaging, detergents, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals’ packaging. Almost 30% of the synthetic plastics are used for packaging applications in the world and this rate is expanding at 12% per annum. They have replaced traditionally used papers and cellulose products for packaging purposes because of owing better physical and chemical properties. Polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethane, poly(ethylene terephthalate), poly(butylene terephthalate) and nylon are most commonly used plastics. Plastics possess not only suitable thermal and mechanical properties but also better stability and durability. Plastics have attractive more public and media attention because of its durability and visibility in a litter as compared to other solid components. In 1993, total world consumption of this material was 107 million tons and it reached to 146 million tons in
Jessica Knoblauch, an author for the Environmental Health News, writes about the toll plastic has on the environment, "the process of creating plastic can produce biological effects in a range of wildlife species, crippling the local ecosystem." All forms of plastic are created using oil. Oils are refined, mixed with poisonous chemicals, and cooked at high temperatures in order to produce items. This process produces toxic byproducts and greenhouse gases, reducing our air quality and can disrupt the
Altogether, PVC has been shown to be dangerous during formation, disposal, and the lifecycle between. PVC is part of many products that humans use on a daily basis, but there are proposed alternatives to PVC plastics. Today, silicone and rubber are materials that could take place of PVC in medical tubing or linoleum on the floor, which could lead to healthier cheaper options (APHA, 2011, p. 4). Overall, the material can cause to many negative health effects and poses a great risk to our environment, which ultimately will come back to impact
Today’s unprecedented technological advancement has accelerated the pace at which everyone is living. Time becomes a limited resource that every person tries to make the most use of. Therefore, convenience is the major quality highly valued in today’s world. Plastics strongly demonstrate such quality; plastics are light-weighted and disposable. Consequently, the use of plastics is prevalent, from simple objects, such as bags and bottles, to more complex components, such as computer boards. The benefits of plastics are countless; for instance, plastics are disposable and waterproof. However, many critics have raised questions regarding the threats posed by phenomenal plastics. What are the downsides of plastics? How should we cope with the plastic pollution around the globe? Susan Beraza has the answers to
Recycling is the process by which a waste material is converted again into reusable process and disposal is a process by which we get rid of something. Polymers are not very reactive so this property makes them very useable for storing food but this property makes it difficult to recycle or dispose of polymer. This difficulty in recycling and disposing of polymer is a major cause of environment hazard. Since the waste of polymer is increasing day by day so proper measurement should be taken to reduce the use of polymer and different method should be made to properly dispose and recycle waste. Following are the process by which a polymer is recycled or disposed.
Plastic is good for a few reasons. The use of plastic provides convenience, efficiency, and flexibility to consumers and manufacturers. Even though plastic has its pros, there are a few reasons why it is becoming a problem for the environment. Through overuse, harmful chemicals are slowly coming into contact with our bodies, and the lack of recycling is what is causing problems for the environment. The negative effect of current plastic use worldwide outweighs the positives, and therefore we should reduce, educate, and recycle...
Since the early 1900’s, many different plastics have been developed, each having a special characteristic or advantage that makes it good for various purposes. Some plastics stood heat better, while some withstood shock better. Some could be spun into thread from making fabrics such as nylon. In 1938, Du Pont publicly announced the new synthetic fiber, nylon. The memo, that went out announcing nylon, defined “Nylon is the generic name for all materials defined scientifically as synthetic fiber-forming polymeric amides having a protein-like chemical structure; derivable from coal, air and water, or other substances and characterized by extreme toughness and strength and the peculiar ability to be formed into fibers and into various shapes such as bristles, sheets, etc” (138, 139).
PVC is a hazardous consumer material in the environment. Its lifespan presents formation and discharge of organochlorines and other hazardous substances to the environment. Plastic been one of the most environmentally hazardous consumer materials produced has PVC which creates high magnitudes of persistent organic pollutants and
The synthesis of polymers starts with ethylene, (or ethene). Ethylene is obtained as a by-product of petrol refining from crude oil or by dehydration of ethanol. Ethylene molecules compose of two methylene units (CH2) linked together by a double carbon
Naturally occurring polymers will be proteins like silk. It will definitely depend on the type of polyamide being made because they will take many different forms such as, Nylons can help to make the inner structure of tires but can also take the shape of solids and used for machine parts and Kevlar is used in bulletproof vests. When describing the properties of polyamides it will need to be done based on the type of polyamide so I will be describing the chemical and physical properties of Nylon 6 a polyamide fiber. Nylon 6 has a density of 1.14 g/c.c, a melting point of 215℃, it also has a very good elasticity, its natural color is going to be white but it can be dyed, and has the ability to protect heat up to 150℃. The main chemical property of Nylon 6 is it is an organic solvent which means it becomes soluble in any dense acid or phenol. You have almost definitely used polyamides there are polyamides in tents, toothbrush bristles, rope, they don't have to be fibers they are sometimes used for gears, lots of times polyamides are used in packaging. Polyamides are used because they are so strong
Plastics are being used in so many different ways. Whether you are aware of it or not, plastics play and important part in your life. Plastics' versatility allow it to be used in everything from car parts to doll parts, from soft drink bottles to the refrigerators they are stored in. From the car you drive to work in to the television you watch when you get home, plastics help make your life easier and better. So how is it that plastics have become so widely used? How did plastics become the material of choice for so many varied applications? The simple answer is that plastics are the material that can provide the things consumers want and need. Plastics have the unique capability to be manufactured to meet very specific functional needs for consumers. So maybe there's another q...
National Center for Manufacturing Sciences. (2004, August 11). Environmental Roadmapping Initiative. Retrieved October 14, 2011, from Plastics Impacts, Risks and Regulations: http://ecm.ncms.org/ERI/new/IRRPlastics.htm