Stiffness The effect that this additive has on the polymer in terms of stiffness is that the fillers are very useful because it makes the polymers very strong and stiff. This makes it hard to break. Service life The effect of fillers on polymers is that they are very beneficial because they don’t get ruined for a long time. Glass fillers are the most commonly used fillers in polymers. This is because they last longer and their service life is longer. Strength In terms of strength the fillers are put in the …show more content…
The effect that the additive have on the the polymers is that they are not that expensive. They are very cheap especially when making the polymer product. Stiffness The effect of this additive of the polymer in terms of stiffness is that it affects the polymer in a good way. This is because it makes the polymer stiff and more tough when it is made. Service life In terms of the effect of service life on the polymer, this additive has a long service life. Polyvinyl chloride is a substance that has this additive inside it. Due to this the additive makes the polymer stronger and makes the product last longer. Strength In terms of strength the effect the plasticizers have on the polymers is that the additive makes the polymer have a weak intermolecular force. As a result of this the polymers will be unstable an easier to handle. Due to this the polymer then can be remoulded and tougher and this will increase the polymers …show more content…
Cost The cost of this additive is not that high and it can easily be put inside in the polymer when the product is being made. Stiffness In terms of stiffness this additive is hard and stiff. This affects the polymers in a good way because it acts like a protective shield for the polymer to stop any polymer oxidation on the polymer. Service life The service life of the antioxidants is long but not that long. This is because if the additive starts to weaken due to the harmful polymer oxidation chemicals in the air then this could make the polymer properties to become brittle. Strength The antioxidants are very strong. They are made very strong so that they don’t break or get ruined due to polymer oxidation in the
Because of its ability to break down self-associative tendency of water , it may also reduce the number of water molecules entrapped between the polymeric chains, increasing the degree of postoperative polymerization In addition to post-curing increase in bond strength, the relative decrease in free water would eliminate or decrease the hydrolytic degradation of adhesive in or above the hybrid layer
The Crystallinity of Kevlar Polymer strands, contributes to the unique strength and stiffness of the material. Kevlar is very similar to other common synthetic polymers, including Nylon, Teflon and Lycra. In all Polated to strength. Aromatic refers to the Carbon atoms attached in a ring, and Amides refers to a group of Carbon, Nitrogen and Hydrogen atoms. Kevlar fiber is therefore a “Polyaromatic amide”, as it has a high breaking strength.
Enhancing effect of prolonging the duration of polymerization on grafting (%GY) and homopolymer (%HP) is reflected on the extent of total conversion (%TC) (Fig. 3). The latter increased as the time of polymerization increased particularly during the initial stages of the polymerization reaction.
It consists of Kevlar and other polyamides LC polymers. This surfactant have a hydrophilic and hydrophobic part. In concentrated system, liquid crystal forms due to packing of micelles. This basically gives an idea about different polymers and possible attachments on polymers. An example of such a polymer is Kevlar and polyamides.
Polymer-Polyethylene is partially crystalline as well as amorphous because it has crystalline and amorphous regions. Also it has linear chains so this is the simplest structure compared to a branched or network chain. This can be of an advantage to it over other types of materials as its good toughness and elongation makes it very significant in the engineering industry as it can be moulded or extruded into shape...
chains instead of hydrogen atoms. Cross-linking is another way in which the polymer can be made stronger. This involves ultraviolet radiation that bombards the polymer with electrons and formulates bonds between the molecular chains of the polymers. This is like linear polyethylene but different in that it is more impact resistant, and it has a much higher density. This allows it to be stored or be used with different chemicals that would normally cause the polymer to desolve.3 This can start to become a problem because as the polymer continues to become chemically enhanced. So the ways of dissolving and recycling the polymer become more difficult.
The ingredients used in making slime contain fundamental additives that, when mixed together, cause the thick, gooey, slime every kid enjoys. Polymers are made from several smaller molecules joined by chemical bonds. The polyvinyl allows the mixture to feel slimy. Combing the polyvinyl and Borax together creates a chemical reaction. The mixture becomes cold, thicker, and elastic. This combination mixed together produces slime that is fun and safe for all ages.
In this case the industry standard of copolymer POM was actually worse in some departments than homopolymers. The copolymer still had advantages of the homopolymer variety with strength in higher and lower temperatures and rigidity down to even -40*C. In the industry there is no clear cut ideal polymer that is used, which is the reason why both are used and applied in the industry as hard plastics (Craftech Industries,
The increase in the ionic group content in the chain will increases the viscosity of the PU dispersion. This happened due to an increase of the hydrophilic structure through the addition of more salt groups and urethane linkages. At the high-pressured application step, the viscosity should be very low so that the adhesive can be applied efficiently to the automotive body.
POLYMER RELATED FACTORS: Molecular weight: For linear polymers, mucoadhesion increases with molecular weight. A large molecular weight is essential for entanglement; however, excessively long polymer chains lose their ability to diffuse and interpenetrate mucosal surfaces. Concentrated dispersions are retained on the mucous membrane for longer periods. After application such systems spread easily, since they present rheological properties of a liquid, but gellify as they come in contact with the absorption site, thus preventing their rapid removal. Chain flexibility is critical for interpenetration and entanglement with the mucus gel. Increased chain mobility leads to increased inter-diffusion and interpenetration of the polymer within the mucus
Charles and Keith uses synthetic materials and polyurethane to ensure affordable prices of their products (Singapore Press Holding, 2009). However, the qualities of the products are not compromised despite its inexpensive prices. The managing director Charles Wong reassured the customers that although the ...
A polymer is a large molecule that is known as an organic compound. Polymers are used in many different ways to form different structures but mostly polymers are used to create various kinds of plastics. A polymer is made from the covalent bonding of smaller repetitive molecules. As seen in figure 1. These repeating molecules are built into chains, and different polymers have varied chain lengths. These smaller molecules which make up the polymer are known as monomers. Through the reaction of polymerization which generally requires a catalyst polymers are formed. Various Polymers are built of different types of monomers, some contain only one type of monomer whereas others can contain up to two or more monomers. These polymers are known as natural polymers, they occur in nature and then are extracted for use. Natural polymers are often water based, examples are silk,
Polyethylene terephthalate is used as textile fibres and we know them by the following names Terylene, and Dacron, to name two. It consists of a synthetic polymer that is made out of a purified terephthale acid or its dimethyl ester, dimethyl terephthalate and mono ethylene glycol. Today 18% of the market shares of all plastic materials produced is polymers from dicarboxylic acid and a diol. There are many applications and depends on the production and orientation of the polymer chains. Also used in textiles and food packaging, maybe you will recognise the trivial name, polyethylene terephthalate, PET. The annual production is about 40 million tonnes; of this 40 million tonnes 65% is for fibres production, 5% for film production, and 30% for packaging material. These polymers do not discolour in light and their melting point is high
Other examples of polymers are present in our everyday lives. Water-resistant paints and varnishes derive from a family of synthetic polymers called acrylics. Polystyrene foam, or styrafoam, is used when making cartons to protect eggs, or making packing peanuts to cushion fragile objects for shipping. It insulates, so people put drinks in foam cups and coolers to keep the warm ones warm and the cold ones cold.