This is a major issue with opioid use because the patients need more of the medication to get their pain to go away, and then get addicted and cannot stop taking the pill. There are physical signs of addiction, and these include drowsiness, constricted pupils, nausea, and dry mouth (Drugs of Abuse). These signs occur when addicted to both opioids and heroin. Also, signs of an overdose while using heroin or opioids are blue lips and fingernails, slow breaths and clammy skin (Drugs of Abuse). Doctors not warning their patients about all of the warnings of weaning off these medications can cause them to start doing harder drugs.
As time goes on and the user "tries" the drug more frequently they begin to rely on the mental or physical affects of these drugs. Also as time goes on the user begins to develop a tolerance to the substance and has to use more each time thus, becoming an addiction. Most illicit drugs can make the user feel anxious, paranoid, and many can experience hallucinations. (Healthline
So if a person was to try to stop they would experience withdrawal symptoms. Some drugs increase the levels of dopamine neurotransmitter in the brain that control the pleasure. Other drugs like depressants, when becoming addicted to them the body gets immune and begins to need larger doses to get any effect from the drug. The depressants slow down the brains activity causing it to get out of control if a person was to stop, which then can lead to seizures and other problems. Prescription drug abuse is a rising problem in the United States among all ages.
that means that, the feeling of wanting the drug results in using more and more of the drug and bigger doses. There are many ways which lead to drug addiction which are the following: social, economic, religious, and physiological factors. There is a close relationship with drugs and bad stuff happening with families. "it has been found that broken family structure often forces one to resort to drug. This is because a person faced with such situation chooses drug for its euphoric or mind-altering effect to escape from the immediate situation.
Having been many problems with the terms addiction and drug abuse, many researchers have turned to the use of the terms psychological dependence and phy... ... middle of paper ... ...ugs causes higher risks of an accident, putting not only the user’s life on the line, but also other innocent people (“Drugs and Their Effects,” 2004). Psychoactive drugs are powerful substances. Whether the drug be a depressant, a stimulant, an opiate, or a hallucinogen, all take control and manipulate the nervous system. Depressants, because they are quick to cause dependence, are easily abused, and also because they are able to cause relaxation. Stimulants, unlike depressants which suppress the central nervous system, increase its overall activity.
There are instances where an individual may have an addiction to prescription drugs such as morphine or hydrocodone. ‘Dependence’ came into existence by the World Health Organization (WHO) to refer to a cluster of physiological and behavioral phenomena of variable intensity where drug use has a high priority. The use of the drug is in order to experience its mental actions and effects or to avoid the discomforts of its absence. It is also frequent to be dependent on more than one drug. Since the emergence of drug dependence, there have been numerous attempts to reduce the effects that the opiates have on individuals and more so to stop the widespread addiction.
Drug addiction has become a problem that is increasing vastly among our society. Drugs can harm the body, interfere with plans for the future, breaking families apart, or even lead to harming one’s body. The possibilities are endless and drug users often believe they are in control and will not end up addicted, but addiction can trap the strongest people. Our peers and social media influence us daily, no matter if the peer pressure is direct or indirect, something might influence their decision to start using drugs. Scientists for the past century have been studying the effects of drugs abuse.
Addiction is a complex psychiatric disorder that consists of social and psychological factors, but at its most basic level it is a biological process. Addiction may come in many forms, but its primary choice of substance is drugs. In particular, prescription medications in the form of pills have become a major health problem, not only to those addicted but the clinicians who prescribe them. In order to fully understand this disorder, considering what brain mechanisms and functions are involved with addiction, the next area to look into is the factors that make the prescription drugs so addictive, along with long term effects, and to discover any new treatment options out in practice today, whether it be through medicine and/or counseling. According to Nutt (1997), rugs are used to produce alterations in brain function that act “on brain receptors and neurotransmitters” (p. 53).
Some drugs are agonistic drugs, which improve the functioning of certain neurotransmitters. Others are antagonistic drugs, which do the opposite and hinder the ability for some neurotransmitters to function. (Huffman, 2012) Because the drugs affect brain and nervous system so intensely, they change the way the brain works. The extensive pleasure obtained through using substances c... ... middle of paper ... ... because their bodies have become dependent on the drugs to function. Abusers of each drug should be prescribed a specific medication proven to aid in the recovery from that substance.
• Activation of the benzodiazepine- GABA-chloride ionophor complex is responsible for producing the therapeutic anxiolytic effects of benzodiazepines and for mediating many of the side effects and, possibly, dependence and withdrawal from these drugs. Clinical use Following are the use of benzodiazepines • Amnesia before or after surgery • Anxiety disorders Generalized anxiety disorder Panic disorder Phobias (social, simple) Post-traumatic stress disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder • Insomnia • Somatoform disorder • Convulsive disorders • Tetanus • Parapleg... ... middle of paper ... ...cts or side effects. Clonazepam is a high-potency benzodiazepine with a long half-life. It is widely prescribed for a variety of psychiatric and neurologic conditions. Although clonazepam is perceived as “safe,” addiction medicine specialists have found that it is also frequently abused as a street drug.