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    Morphine

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    The discovery of morphine, which occurred in 1803, transformed the medical treatment of pain and chronic diseases (Levinthal, 2005). Morphine, a narcotic or opioid, is widely used in the medical field today and is specifically used therapeutically to treat moderate to severe pain in individuals. The most common routes of administration for morphine are oral and intravenous administration (Angel, Gould, Carey, 1998). Morphine acts by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and thus reduces the

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    Morphine

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    Applied Pharmacology Morphine is excreted through the urinary system and the biliary system. In the urinary system, the drug is excreted according to the amount of urine being excreted by an individual (Armstrong & Cozza 2003). After being consumed by the liver, morphine is passed to the blood stream, from where it reaches the kidney for excretion. The drug is then taken up in the urinary system and directed to the urinary bladder for excretion. The drug is metabolized in the liver after which it

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    MORPHINE

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    MORPHINE Morphine is a narcotic analgesic drug, which means that it is a downer painkiller. It is most commonly given intravenously (by injection) for more rapid results, but it can also effectively be given orally. It has a remarkable ability to reduce physical distress, and its calming effect protects against exhaustion in traumatic shock, internal hemorrhage, and several other conditions. This drug is truly a miracle worker. Morphine is an opiate, coming from the poppy seed. It was first isolated

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    Morphine

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    Morphine is a highly addictive opiate psychoactive painkiller. It is often used before or after surgery to alleviate severe pain. Morphine acts by attaching to specific proteins called opioid receptors, which are found in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract. The drug was originally derived from the poppy seed plant before it was chemically enhanced and manufactured. Starting off, the drug was used to cure alcoholism and certain types of addictions. This didn’t last very long considering

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    Effects of Morphine

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    Morphine is an opioid that attacks the opioid receptors at the spinal cord, medulla oblongata, the spinal trigeminal nucleus and the grey region. The receptors, which are of µ, α, β types, enhance the interaction of the drug and eventual effects in the human body. Of these receptor types, the µ is the most important for analgesia effects to be realized. There are two µ subtypes: the µ1 and the µ2 (Stoelting 1999). The µ1 subtype is involved in analgesia more than the µ2 since, the second subtype

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    Understanding Morphine

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    Morphine is the most important pharmacologically active ingredient of opium, the resin obtained from the dried juice of the opium poppy. More than 200 years ago morphine was established in clinical practice. It is the first model of opioid medicine, whose analgesic and satisfying influences are mediated by activating opioid receptors which are obtained basically within the central nervous system (CNS). World Health Organization’s (WHO) proposed that morphine continues to be the strong opioid of selection

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    Morphine It is the most important pharmacologically active constituent of opium, the resin copied from the dried juice of the opium poppy. It was first established into clinical practice more than 200 years ago. It is the prototype opioid drug, whose analgesic and rewarding effects are mediated by activating opioid receptors which are found mainly within the central nervous system (CNS). Morphine continues the strong opioid of choice for moderate to severe cancer pain and it is on the World Health

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    Morphine: Preventative Pain Control

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    Morphine: Preventative Pain Control I. Introduction Narcotic analgesics, especially morphine are underused for pain control with in the medical field. This underuse is because medical professionals, including doctors, fear patient addiction, side effects and possible lose of their licenses. These fears deny adequate healing and a better quality of life to those who would benefit from a more effective use of these drugs, as done in hospice care. II. PAIN: Pain not only involves the physical

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    opiates but the two discussed are Heroin and Morphine. Heroin is a crystalline narcotic white powder that is derived from morphine, formerly used as a sedative and a painkiller while morphine can exist in a white crystalline or liquid form. In addition, morphine is a narcotic pain medication that is obtained from opium. Chemical Breakdown of Heroin Heroin is a derivative of morphine which is extracted from the dried latex of the poppy plant. After morphine is extracted it undergoes acetylation (induction

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    number of drugs including heroin and methadone and lasting effects can ensue. The pain-killing and pleasurable effects of morphine, the narcotic drug derived from the opium poppy, is widely known. Endorphins are surprising similarity to morphine. It was termed “endorphin” from endogenous (meaning within) and morphine (morphine being a pain killer). It was wondered why morphine and other opiate drugs should produce such powerful effects on the nervous system. Thus, the discovery of endorphins followed

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