herself, even if that means stealing food or breaking into places. Her neighborhood is not safe because it is full of drug dealers and gangs that hassle her. Precious’s chronosystem are the transitions and shifts in Precious’s lifespan. Precious was pregnant which led her to be kicked out for school and placed in an alternative school. Regarding development, this transition was very beneficial for Precious as she was able to be in a better learning environment. Her chronosystem also includes the transition of Precious moving out from her home into a halfway house. This is also developmentally positive for Precious and her baby to live in a nonabusive environment. Oppression and Trauma There is an influence of racism as Precious internalizes the …show more content…
In each stage, there is a crisis of two opposing emotional forces (McLeod, 2013). From birth to age one is Erikson’s stage of trust vs. mistrust. If taken care of well and protected, a child will achieve a healthy balance of trust and mistrust. Even though Precious’s physical abuse did not start until she was three, there is a high chance that her living environment was not surrounded by safety and love. Precious may have developed mistrust because later on in her life she because suspicious of others and was not able to connect because of an overwhelming sense of fear and inability to trust. The second stage is autonomy vs. shame and doubt which occurs from the age of one to three. In this stage, a child gains a sense of self-control and sufficiency in being able to make some decisions on their own. Parental reactions and encouragement help shape the children 's experience at this stage. The feelings of guilt and shame occur when a child does not reach autonomy (McLeod, 2013). Precious may have developed doubt because she portrays an immense amount of shame on herself, feeling unlovable, unworthy, stupid, and
Precious was born to an unmarried couple, Mary and Carl, living in government housing in Harlem New York. Mary is an overweight African American woman. Carl is an average sized African American man. When Precious was born Mary was extremely happy and loved her child very much. A few months after Precious was born, Carl began sexually molesting her in front of Mary. Mary began to resent her daughter as she felt she was losing the love of her significant other to her daughter. Mary claims to have tried to stop Carl from molesting Precious but was unsuccessful in doing so. As Precious aged Carl continued his abuse by beginning to rape her. These rapes led to the eventual birth of Mongo and then Abdul. Mary saw Mongo as a way to receive more money from the Welfare office. Mary has many psychological issues including being a pathological liar. Mary claims that Tootsie, her mother, was abusive to her in the same ways that she abused Precious. There is no proof to these claims and the social worker feels these claims are to try and excuse Mary’s abuse of
shame and doubt for ages 1 to 3 consider the toddler group. This stage is where a toddler/ child learns to be self-sufficient in different activities such as walking, eating, talking etc. or to think uncertainty of themselves (Christensen & Kockrow, 2011). As a premature infant there can be some delays in some of these area causing the child to have lack of independence. In Laurie’s case she had mixture of autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This can be seen due being premature infant. When Laurie was released from the hospital, she had to be on a heart monitor which cause her to have delays in walking, but on the other hand, she was talking and learn how to use her hands to feed herself. After the heart monitor was removed Laurie gain freedom and started to walk and explore her surroundings more. So she was showing autonomy. Also, in this time period from infant to toddler there are many doctor appointments to keep an eye on the child development and growth this is also very important with premature infants. Looking at Laurie’s case she born very small weighing only 3lbs and 11ozs she was able to catch up eventually to the norm for her age. These were all good signs in her development. Growing strong and being a miracle baby as the doctors called her she was developing well. She was able have a secure attachment with her parents. Mary Ainsworth explained how important a secure attachment was very important
In case of Precious, corrective emotional experience would include helping her to express her negative feelings during therapy. In order to help her repair her unmet developmental needs and improve her sense of self and others, she will need optimal responsiveness, mirroring, empathetic attunement, and holding environment – especially safe haven where she can freely express her feelings. She will also need good enough caregiver – a person she can trust. After her core conflicts: false self and idealization of men are addressed, I can work with her on developing her true self. I would provide twinship relationship to Precious by emphasizing that in the collaborative therapeutic process we will reach our goal of helping her to solve her core conflicts. Positive and growth-fostering relationship will also promote her individual
Trust vs. mistrust is the first stage. In infancy, babies are unsure of their surroundings, and it is on the parents to make them feel safe and secure. If successful, the infant will develop the virtue of hope, which will give them hope to overcome challenges in the future. Precious may not have felt safe and secure as an infant, so the hope that she can make it through is not there. The second stage occurs in early childhood, and it is autonomy vs. shame. Criticism from parents and caregivers can interrupt the child’s feelings of independence. If this happens, the child ends up with a low self-esteem, is dependent upon others, and doubts and feels shame about his or her own abilities. Precious was and still is criticized for nearly everything, which explains her self-esteem issues. The third stage, initiative vs. guilt, happens during the ages of three to five. In this stage, a sense of pride as a leader can be built and there will be more initiative from the child. However, caregivers cannot make the child feel guilty for being this way. Industry vs. inferiority is the fourth stage, around the ages of five to twelve years old. Peer groups become important in this stage, as children long to feel like they are useful as a part of the group. If a child is unable to overcome this crisis, there will be feelings of inferiority. Precious did not complete this stage correctly, as it is clear she feels inferior to others. She did not have many friends,
As previously stated, her father, Carl, sexually assaulted and raped her a copious amount of times and impregnated her not only once, but twice. The abuse began when she was only three years old and continued until she was fifteen; Precious was pregnant at twelve years old. Child rape occurs every two minutes in the United States and sadly one in three girls will be sexually molested before the age seventeen. Sexual abuse is an atrocious, disgusting and horrendous issue that happens every single day to an immense number of children. “Precious” acknowledges this topic and again, shows the negative effects it has on an individual. Although Precious was a victim of sexual abuse and incest; she wanted more for her and her children’s lives. A child who is the victim of prolonged sexual abuse usually develops low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness, an abnormal or distorted view of sex and has a higher risk of committing suicide. On the other hand, Precious did not let her destructive sexual abuse define who she is. “I cried the other day and I felt stupid, but f*ck that day. That’s why god made new days,” she says. Despite her rough past, she is strong enough to continue her life. The director and writer incorporated this issue to increase resilience in children subject to dysfunctional families and to sexual and physical abuse. In children who do not have to contend with those problems, the movie
The precious family dynamic is complex and has many generational components, of neglect and abuse to further understand the family’s behavior and outcomes, Alfred Adler’s psychoanalytic theory derived from Freud’s theories; Looks at human relationships and motivation. “Children look at family relationships for feelings of significance belonging and competence” Rogers, A. (2017, pg.504) Precious has spent many years being subjected to verbal and emotional abuse, she stated her mother has called and referred to her as stupid and dumb, told her on numerous occasions that “she will never be anything.”
The First stage in Erickson’s theory is trust vs. mistrust, this stage occurs during infancy, from birth to one years old. This stage is all about trust, it is the stage where you hopefully begin to trust not only yourself but others as well (Crandell and Crandell p. 36). An infant gains trust in infancy because they can not do anything for themselves, they depend on others to do everything for them therefore in this stage they develop trust in others, their caregivers, that they will do all that they can to take care of their well-being. Developing trust in infancy is crucial because this makes the individual grow up feeling safe and secure in the world. A positive outcome of an infant developing trust is that they grow up feeling safe in the world, a negative outcome would be that the individual grows up in fear of the world. There is no way to develop one hundred percent trust or one hundred percent doubt, Erikson believed that the best way to come out of this stage is with a balanc...
Children whose needs are met in settings characterized by affection, warmth, and closeness see the world as a safe and comfortable place and see other people as trustworthy and helpful. By contrast, infants and children who receive less- than- adequate care or who are emotionally rejected or abused often view the world as hostile and have feelings of suspicion and fear. (pg. 93- 94)
...o grow up in home where there is neglect, abuse and trauma often miss out on a normal development with attachment and trust. Without that attachment and trust, neglected children are at risk and vulnerable to suffer consequences and risk physically, emotionally, psychologically, educationally, interpersonally that can have a damaging effect on the child’s life and development and can develop into PTSD. However, under certain circumstances, given an opportunity to attach to healthy adults in a positive way, children can overcome even brutal childhoods and injuries. Lastly, it shows how an adult or parent who is willing to attach, trust, help and work with a child, can radically change the course of that child’s life by acting as an advisor, detecting and solving problems, and being there even in the middle of conflict and eventually helping the child succeed in life.
During the Babies documentary, the four babies are in their first year of life. This is Erikson’s stage, Trust vs. Mistrust. The question during this stage is, “Is the world a safe place or is it full of accidents and unpredictable events?” During this stage, the infant looks to their primary caregiver for care, whether stable or unstable. Infants try to find a send of predictability, consistency and trust. Erikson believes that all caregiving behavior will lead to this. If the infant receives stable care, then they will develop a sense of trust. If they don’t, they will develop a sense of mistrust for the
From birth to 12 months children are in the stage of Trust vs. Mistrust and the strength developed is Hope. Children at this stage need external (trusting the adults will provide for his/her needs) and internal (believing that he/she has the power of changes and to face events). To successful move to the next stage of autonomy the child needs to acquire a special bond, a sense of trust with adults called attachment. If this special bond is not provided children can’t develop empathy, an understanding of other’s feelings. Erikson had his theories on how to provide attachment:
The second stage is autonomy verses shame and doubt. This occurs from about 18 months of age to 3 years old. The basic virtue of this stage is will; can they do things on their own or do they require the help of others? Erikson believed that children around this age wanted to develop a greater sense...
The first stage in Erikson’s psychosocial theory is the Trust vs. Mistrust stage. This stage is from birth to about one year of age. This is the time when an infant child learns to depend on another for affection, comfort, and nutrition eventually learning to blindly trust the primary caregivers to provide these things (Cooper, 1998). When the infants needs are met, then the infant develops a specific attachment with their caregiver, if the outcome is negative then the infant learns to mistrust the people around them and the environment that they are in. This brings us to the next stage in psychosocial
Stage two of Erikson’s psychosocial theory is called “Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt.” This stage ranges between the ages of eighteen months to three years of age. According to Erikson, during this stage I was striving to learn to do things independently, such as feeding myself, walking, and using the bathroom. Accomplishing these tasks provided me with a sense of self-worth and self-confidence. On the other hand, if I was constantly punished at this age I would doubt myself, rather than gain confidence...
Erikson’s first stage of development is the Trust versus Mistrust stage that occurs from birth till the first 18 months of life. According to Erickson this is the period in which infants develop a sense of trust or mistrust, depending largely on how well their caregivers meet their needs (Feldman). During this stage of my life I was being taken care of by both Mom and Dad, but primarily by Mom. My mom was a stay at home parent while my dad worked. Both my