These are international tourism, where a tourist travels abroad or overseas and internal tourism, where a tourist’s travel and spending are confined to their country of residence. Although internal tourism accounts for as much as four times the amount of international tourism, the reasons for their overall growth are very similar. As countries become industrialised and urbanised, standards of living increase. The world-wide phenomenon of tourism therefore began in MEDCs, in Europe and North America and later in Japan. To this day, 80% of all tourists come from MEDCs and Europe alone accounts for 48% of expenditure in the tourism industry.
The Growth of International Tourism During the Second Half of the 20th Century During the last 50 years, international tourism has grown very rapidly. As people have had large wage increases and package holidays have become cheaper and more available to a wider range of people. Today, tourism has become a part of the everyday life of most people and has become a major source of employment in developed countries. The growth of the tourist industry in the last 50 years can be linked with increasing wealth, increased mobility, improvements in accessibility and transport, more leisure time, product development and innovations, improvements in technology, changes in lifestyles and fashion, an increased awareness of other places and the need for 'green' tourism. Increasing weal;th has allowed people in employment who earn high salaries, to use their disposable income that is considerably higher than it was several years ago, on tourism, and visiting foreign countries.
In the travel market, the cruise industry is one of the fastest growing industries. The underlying industry is growing rapidly due to the innovation in its products. After the year 1980, the cruise industry has faced the passenger growth rate at 7.8 percent annually. There are different products of the cruise industry. The underlying industry helps to fulfill the vacation desires of the guests.
The MEDW had experienced an explosion in demand for recreation and tourism and it is highly probable that this is connected to the massive increase in disposable income and wealth that the MEDW enjoys. It is also because of the recent trend in paid holidays, where employees can take a few weeks a year to go on holiday and still receive their money as if they had worked those months. This means that those particularly concerned with finance would not find going on holiday too costly if they had to take time off work, and that overall, they have more leisure time available to them. The very recent phenomenon in the past 4 or 5 years of budget airlines like Go and Easyjet have made getting onto a plane, as easy as getting on to a bus or train, at very reasonable prices. This means the provision of access to the major airport hubs and urban centres, (like Barcelona, Rome, New York and London) is amazingly quick, simple, and cheap.
Tourism has become a main component for socio- economies for many countries. From all countries in the world, tourism has generated whole countries output of US $3.5 trillion and expected to increase to US $7.0 trillion by 2015 (World Travel and Tourism Council, 2009). The World Tourism Organization (WTO) has expected that tourism industry is bright in the future as they estimate that one billions of tourists in each year will travel to other countries. Moreover, the economic potential of tourism in less developed countries has been identified as an important contributing factor to global tourism growth (Palmer 2002; Honey 1999; Ashley & Reo 1998; Mowforth & Munt 1998). In Malaysia, manufacturing has become the largest contributor to economy followed by the second contributor that is tourism sector.
According to the agenda 21, these are the three factors shown in Figure 2.0 which are vital for the country population. Economic responsibilities The tourism industry has been very strong despite many challenges like economic crisis, safety & security issue and others. Demand for international remained strong for the year 2016. International tourist arrivals grew by 3.9% to reach a total of 1,235 million, according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. Some 46 million more tourists (overnight visitors) travelled internationally last year compared to 2015. (World Tourism Organisation UNWTO Press Release PR 17003 17 JAN
For day trips across the UK Cities are more popular amongst tourists. This could be for a number of reasons like; · More spending opportunities, · More shopping/activity facilities etc. The table above talks about Domestic Holidays. As shown above the countryside category accounts for at least a quarter of all holidays in terms of the 4 different holiday destinations. It is seen as equally important to the Travel and Tourism Industry in the UK.
Despite the devastating effects of the 2008 global financial crisis and the subsequent Euro zone crisis, the tourism industry has continued to flourish. Initially, the industry was referred to as a cottage industry but the international travel and tourism industry has evolved becoming a major contributor to economic growth and development in almost every economy in the world. Research has shown that the global increase in worldwide tourist arrivals outperform gross domestic product growth in one out of every two years in the past three decades. Many countries regard tourism as the most significant primary export industry especially the developing world. Nonetheless, in terms of returns, the developed economies are the prime beneficiaries of tourism.
Modern tourism encompasses a growing number of new destinations and such dynamics have turned tourism into a key driver for socio-economic progress. Apart from tourism impacting the domestic markets, it plays a significant role on a global level. International Scenario Tourism contributes nearly 10% to world gross domestic product (GDP), considering its direct, indirect and induced impacts. With US$ 1.5 trillion export earnings, international tourism accounts for 30% of the world’s exports of services and 6% of overall exports of goods and services. Moreover, in the worldwide export category, tourism was ranked fourth in 2013, after fuels (US$ 3.3 trillion), chemicals (US$ 2.0 trillion) and food (US$ 1.5 trillion).
I t is also the fastest growing business on the planet. Some people may decide to visit these places for purposes such as leisure attraction and as a part of their holidays. The tourist industry has changed by a large amount, over the past few years due to the change in peoples’ life style and the change in the economy. Now that people earn much more money than in the past people can afford to spend more money on leisure. People now have the benefits of a paid holiday which leads to a lot of tourism as the individual gets his/her holiday money from their work place.