As Tosun (2002) suggests, tourism generating from developed countries can have a negative socio-cultural impact (e.g., decline in traditions, materialization, and social conflicts) on members of developing countries. Further, the demonstration effect of tourism is seen as the main cause of change within community values, where the influx of
Local communities are often considered as ‘victims’ of the social and cultural modifications that tourism brought. Specifically in the case of Spain, along with the tourism development some negative impacts surged to the societies, creating for example a sequence of stereotypes concepts (Printsevskaya, 2012). Tourism development associated with the extent of socio-c... ... middle of paper ... ...te to the job creation, rises in tax revenues and higher incomes that the visitors may bring to destination region. Tourism has transformed human relationships in a way of gain some economic profits (Kadt, 1979). Conclusion This piece of work examined the socio-cultural impacts of the tourism development in Spain by analysing and discussing the positive and negative effects.
Cook (1990) noted political instability is a condition of a country where a government has been toppled, or is controlled by factions following a coup, or where basic functional pre-requisites for social order control and maintenance are unstable and periodically disputed. Hall and O’Sullivan (1996) said perception of political stability and safety are prerequisites for a touristic in nature vacation. They also listed violence protest, social unrest, civil war, terrorist actions and the perceived violations of human rights can be a cause to make tourists alter their travel behavior. The tourist behavior has a significant effect from the potential risk and also has an impact on the decision making process. Tourism is vulnerable to the sinister power of political instability (Seddighi et al.
To understand the influence of tourism on host countries, this essay aims to provide the evaluation about the benefits and costs of tourism on both economy and environment throughout two sections. The first section discusses the outperformance of negative consequences caused by tourism on environment comparing to its positive effects, while the second argues that the impacts of vulnerable economy arose from tourism outweighs its benefit fordeveloping countries. Besides, the essay also points out the genuine situations of the tourism industry in South East Asia as the typical case of developing countries. Firstly, tourism has posed several destructive effects on environmental structure of the host regions where tourism activities take place. Undoubtedly, the constructions of facilities and infrastructures constructed for tourism as well as heavy visitation of tourists could partly destroy environmental sites.
This essay will argue that in developing countries the economic and environmental negative impacts caused by tourism outweigh its benefits for local communities. Firstly, tourism has posed several destructive effects on environmental structure of the host regions where operating activities of tourism take place. Undoubtedly, the constructions of facilities and infrastructures as well as heavy visitation resulted by tourism could partly destroy the environmental sites. According to Archer, Cooper and Ruhanne (2005), the uncontrolled tourism development has adulterated and debased the aesthetic value and uniqueness of the local environment by unsightly hotels and other unplanned constructions of facilities. Being agree with this negative impact, Seviour (2013) shows an example of the long line of high-rise hotels along the Jesolo beach in Italy that offend most of visitors by its mismatch with the natural surroundings.
Wealth is drained from the economy for unproductive purposes and economic growth slows down as there are fewer funds for infrastructural development. Also, employment creation for a high percentage of unemployed population becomes challenging. Circular flow of income is the lifeline of a flourishing economy. Unemployment slows down this flow by the lack of money inflow and outflow. When money is not pumping into the economy, its growth becomes sluggish.
Paid maternity leave can be an economic burden for businesses and companies. Another con to executing maternity leave is that more people will take off. The cons for utilizing an all women union is that men will feel discriminated against. Also union dues and fees can be costly and expensive for under paid women in that union. Women of a union can experience less of a partnership with their supervisors.
The spread of population across the regions also experienced ‘a shift towards the Costas and Balearic Islands’ (Burton, 1997:231) where employment opportunities were seasonal but vast. Casado-Daiz (2004) suggests that the construction industry became heavily reliant upon tourism as it provided important employment opportunities. This has, more recently, proved detrimental to the Spanish economy and could have indirectly contributed to its collapse (Tremlett, 2009). These regions of Sp... ... middle of paper ... ...affected. Economically, the tourism boom has continuously provided much a needed income but has also been responsible for the destruction of the natural environment and essential resources such as water.
In some countries, women are paid lower wages than men who are performing the same line of work. Also in some developing countries, women are expected to take on child rising and are constrained from seeking employment. This inequality creates a drawback for women where it hinders opportunity for more income for the household. Also inequality between the rich and the poor will affect social cohesion and lead to problems such as increasing war and violence which will strain the economy, create safety issues and also face food shortages in some countries. These can occur unexpectedly and can cause everlasting effects on the economy therefore these issues are more difficult to overcome.
There are many various economic implications of congestion as follow: Congestion causes loss of productivity Business exists in towns where many people live, for them to sell or buy products and make profits. Many businesses find it hard to deliver their inputs or products for the production on time due to congestion. They will fail to reach their wholesaler and customers at the time of the products’ demand. Weisbrod, Vary and Treys (2001) stated that traffic congestion imposes cost to businesses beyond the mere vehicle and driver costs of delay, including potential effects on inventory costs, logistics costs, reliability cost, just in time processing cost and reduction in market areas for workers, customers and incoming or outgoing deliveries. Therefore businesses may try to respond to the issue of congestion in many ways, they may decide to move away from such a particular town, or shut down the business and some may move to smaller market areas where they have little access to labours, suppliers and consumers.