Impact Of Tourism Development

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SOCIAL AND CULTURAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
The discourse concerning the impacts of tourism in national development, economic and otherwise, has had both negative and positive connotations. Societies hosting tourist attractions are seen as the victims of the negative effects of tourism while the tourists seen as the perpetrators of the crime; bringing their culture and values and imposing them on the host societies. While these generally accepted stereotypical thoughts may be true in some instances, it is however misleading to hold these notions regarding the changes in the social and cultural aspects of a society. Whereas sociocultural changes may in part be due to tourism, it can also be due to other modernization and global factors such as international trade relations, military actions, migration etc (Sharpley R. and Telfer D., 2002).
Concerning tourism development, the sociocultural changes which occur
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With the need for women to engage in paid employment, their socially designated roles as home carers. It also changes the dynamics of power within the home as women also gain financial empowerment. Disruptions in practice of cultural and social obligations also occur as a result of modernization brought about by tourism development.
• Migration: Tourism development causes s flow of skilled and unskilled labour from regions of low economic prospects to higher prospects. Efflux of manpower from islands and communities toward the main tourist regions cause a reduction in the number of people available to continue small scale sustenance activities required for the smaller communities to survive. The influx to the economically viable regions creates undesirable circumstances due to an increase in unemployment and other social vices in the region (crime, drug abuse,

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