...m the U.S. In 1988 the Pan American Health Organization “announced a campaign to achieve polio eradication in the Americas by 1990… polio would be eradicated from the region four years later.” the magnificent and fear inducing polio virus was finally gone.
In Conclusion, Understanding Polio’s etiology, history and epidemiology, as well as proper treatments will assist in avoiding its return. Although polio has been known to substantially affect a wide population in a small amount of time, eradication of this disease may also be accomplished in a short period of time. Scientists and medical professionals continue to research this disease in order to better understand and maintain it for many years to come. There are still aspect of the disease people do not understand that may be vital for the future of a polio-free world.
...e cholera pandemics, and gained much knowledge from each one, but it still manages to persist in the environment and continues to be a huge issue. Unfortunately, many developing countries still have inadequate water supplies and sanitation but there is not much that can be done. Many mysteries remain unanswered and so the search for a safe and effective cholera vaccine continues on.
... children to administer [polio] vaccinations , as a method that will be introduced to many countries targeted for depopulation”(21Wire np).
Poliomyelitis is one of the world’s most famous diseases. It has killed over a million people throughout its emergence. As it can be dated as far back to Egyptian time. It was most prevalent in the first half of the 1900’s. The vaccine and its variations were discovered and perfected in the 1950’s. The two major variances were the inactivated poliovirus vaccine and the oral polio vaccine. Other than the success against polio the two vaccines are very different from each other. The procedures used, countries of use, cost, and consequences are some of the difference between the two. In recent studies the two vaccines are found to be even more different. As the world gets closer to eradicate polio there must be a total switch from OPV to IPV. The studies show that IPV is not only safer but more effective against OPV.
Public health workers strive to prevent disease. Prevention of a disease is more cost effective than treatment of a disease. The development of immunizations may be one of the greatest public health innovations to date. Immunizations do just what the public health field aims to accomplish, prevent disease occurrence. Vaccinations defend us from life-threatening infections and furthermore keep the spread of those infections to others. Over the course of the years immunizations have hindered pestilences of once common diseases, for example, whooping cough, measles, and mumps,. Also, as a result of vaccines we 've seen the close extinction of others, for example, polio and smallpox. Despite such astounding and effective success of immunizations,
Fewer than 51 cases and 10 deaths per year from tetanus were reported between 1994 and 2011. Polio has been declared eradicated in the United States since 1979. There have been fewer than 21 deaths yearly from rubella since 1971 and fewer than 25 deaths yearly from mumps since 1968.”
The disease poliomyelitis is more commonly known by its alternative name “polio.” The history of this disease dates back into prehistory, but major polio epidemics were not known before the twentieth century. The first clinical description of this disease was provided by a British physician named Michael Underwood, in which he described the disease as debility of the lower extremities. In the 1880s major epidemics started to occur in Europe, then made its way soon after into the United States. The first report of multiple cases was recorded in 1843 and described an outbreak that happened in Louisiana in 1841. The next large outbreak was in Boston in 1893 where there were 26 cases of poliomyelitis. The following year was the first recognized epidemic in the United States which occurred in Vermont with 132 total cases, including 18 deaths. By 1907 there were approximately 2,500 cases of polio reported in New York City alone. By 1910, epidemics of polio were regular events throughout the developed world, mostly in cities during the warmer months. In 1916 there were over 27,000 cases including more than 6,000 deaths due to polio in the United States, with more than 2,000 deaths occurring in New York City alone. Poliomyelitis hit its peak in the 1940s and 1950s; it paralyzed or killed more than half a million people per year.
Sixty-five years ago, the US was facing the brunt of one of the most feared epidemics of the 20th century. Polio had been lingering in the region since its discovery in 1894, but was now running full throttle. This was the beginning marker of an era that changed the face of medicine and propelled the U.S. forward as the worldwide leader in not only medicine, but also innovative pediatric medical care. In the early 1950s frightened parents quarantined their families and entire towns were put on lockdown for fear of transmission of the airborne pathogen. The nation scrambled as 58,000 cases swept through taking with them the lives of 3,145.
Poliomyelitis, commonly known as “Polio”, is an acute motor disease caused by the poliovirus that targets the anterior horn cells of the human spinal cord, and in severe cases results in acute flaccid paralysis (Alberta Health and Wellness, 2011), which can progress to permanent paralysis. It mainly affects children under the age of five, although individuals of any age may contract it (World Health Organization, 2013 [C]). Historical outbreaks, most prominently the 1916 and 1952 epidemics in the United States, led to the development of two separate vaccines: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). Although polio has seen over a 99% decrease in cases since 1988 and has largely been eradicated in the developed world (World Health Organization, 2013 [A]), it continues to be an epidemic in three countries: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan (The Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 2010). Polio is a major concern in third world countries where sanitation and hygiene levels are low, as it is spread through the oral-fecal route, generally by the use of contaminated food and water (World Health Organization, n.d.). Difficulties arise in the distribution of vaccines in many third world countries when storage requirements cannot be met in remote areas (Kanani, 2013).
So to eradicate the virus globally every individual should help the organizations. And every government and organizations should try their best to prevent the hindrances in campaigns and spread the effect of polio virus. In conclusion, all I want to say is, lets hold the hand together and give our best to make a polio free environment.
... the rapid spread. The spread continue to grow higher and higher due to lack of fund in order to treat the illness, and therefore babies were being born with it. The rate of infection was as high as 12 percent in urban population and 5 percent in rural regions. The infection causes a large amount of infant deaths and displaced many children
In developed nations, vaccines have almost exterminated polio and smallpox and tightly controlled diseases like hepatitis A and B or typhus