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Polio: The History And Treatments Of Polio

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Polio, also known as poliomyelitis, is a contagious disease which was first seen in England in 1789 by Michael Underwood. The first outbreaks were reported in early 19th century and it was first reported in United States in 1843. At first, there were no any treatments found against polio. The epidemics were increasing severely through northern hemisphere. 21,000 cases of paralytic polio were seen in United States in 1952. It took a longer time for polio to be recognized as a major problem in developing countries. As the disease was spreading very faster, first routine immunization was introduced worldwide in 1970s, to control the disease in many developing countries. Polio was eliminated from the western hemisphere in around 1994 because of the widespread vaccination. Polio simply is a viral infection that can cause paralysis, different breathing problems or even death. It is difficult to find out the disease if its polio because 95% of all the cases show no any symptoms and only 5% cases shows the symptoms. There are two types of polio; the one which doesn’t show symptoms is called asymptomatic polio and the one which shows symptoms is called symptomatic polio. Further, symptomatic polio can be again classified in two forms as non paralytic polio and paralytic polio. Paralytic polio is a severe one than non paralytic polio. Paralytic polio can be classified in three categories as spinal polio, which attacks in spinal cord; bulbar polio, which affects sight, breathing and swallowing and bulb spinal polio which affects both spinal and bulbar. The people who are weakened by other medical conditions, which mean, the people who have weak immune system, and young and pregnant women are likely to get the infection. There are different... ... middle of paper ... ...ype 1 (WPV1) and type 2 (cVDV2). Another, the website, http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Peshawar,-a-priest-at-the-forefront-of-anti--polio-vaccination-campaigns-30087.html, has made us known that in Islamabad, Pakistan; there was an assassination of volunteers by Taliban who were engaged in the vaccination campaigns. His name was Peshawar and he was a priest. This is just one example. There has been numerous attacks and hindrances in the campaigns like this where hundreds of volunteers have lost their life . (Image source: Google) So to eradicate the virus globally every individual should help the organizations. And every government and organizations should try their best to prevent the hindrances in campaigns and spread the effect of polio virus. In conclusion, all I want to say is, lets hold the hand together and give our best to make a polio free environment.
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